Krasnosielc

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Krasnosielc
Village
Saint John Cantius Church
Saint John Cantius Church
Coat of arms of Krasnosielc
Krasnosielc is located in Poland
Krasnosielc
Krasnosielc
Krasnosielc is located in Masovian Voivodeship
Krasnosielc
Krasnosielc
Coordinates: 53°1′N 21°10′E / 53.017°N 21.167°E / 53.017; 21.167Coordinates: 53°1′N 21°10′E / 53.017°N 21.167°E / 53.017; 21.167
CountryPoland Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyMaków
GminaKrasnosielc
Population
1,300
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationWMA
Voivodeship roadsDW544-PL.svg
Websitewww.gminakrasnosielc.pl

Krasnosielc [krasˈnɔɕelt͡s] is a village in Maków County (Masovian Voivodeship), on the river Orzyc, in east-central Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Krasnosielc.[1] It lies approximately 18 kilometres (11 mi) north of Maków Mazowiecki and 90 km (56 mi) north of Warsaw. The village has a population of 1,300.

History[edit]

The village was first mentioned in documents in 1386, although there is evidence that the settlement is much older.[2] It was previously known as Sielc and Siedlec (and in Yiddish: Silc‎). In 1386, the local Catholic parish was founded by bishop of Płock Ścibor z Radzymina and standard-bearer Paweł z Radzanowa of Prawdzic coat of arms.[3] The village was located on a route which connected the cities of Ciechanów and Ostrołęka.[4] It was a private village of Polish noble families, administratively located in the Przasnysz County in the Ciechanów Land in the Masovian Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown.[3] In the 17th century, the village passed from the Ciemniewski family to the Krasiński family.[4] Its name was then changed to Krasnosielc.[4] Among the owners were Kazimierz Krasiński, notable late-18th-century Polish politician and participant of the Kościuszko Uprising of 1794, and his son Józef Wawrzyniec Krasiński [pl], Polish senator, one of the richest Polish magnates of the first half of the 19th century.[4] In 1781, Polish King Stanislaus II Augustus allowed four annual fairs to be held in Krasnosielc, and since 1786, eight annual fairs were held there.[4] In 1824, the settlement obtained town rights.[4]

Jews, who had begun to settle there in the mid-18th century, made up 60% of its population by 1841. The Jewish district was defined by a legal document according to which Jews were obliged to pay rent to count Józef Krasiński. A Jewish kahal was established in Krasnosielc in 1844 following an official complaint about improprieties of the kahal in Przasnysz. Krasnosielc lost its municipal status in 1869, soon after its last Polish owner Karol Krasiński died childless. In 1883 a synagogue was built. The town changed hands several times before Poland regained its independence in 1918.[5]

The Jewish community of Krasnosielc ceased to exist in early September 1939. Following the German invasion of Poland, which started World War II, SS units of Panzer Division Kempf forced the Jews into the synagogue and massacred them there. A day later, the remainder (mostly men) were machine-gunned at the same location.[6] The anti-Jewish massacre became widely publicized in Berlin as the first of its kind on Polish soil. The perpetrators received sentences of a few years, and their superiors were replaced.[5] In the beginning of the German occupation, the occupiers also carried out mass searches of homes of local policemen, postal workers and court employees.[7] In the following years, several Polish teachers from Krasnosielc were murdered in the Mauthausen concentration camp (see Nazi crimes against the Polish nation).[8] In 1940, the Germans also carried out expulsions of Poles and operated a transit camp for Poles expelled from nearby villages.[9] Expelled Poles were either enslaved as forced labour of new German colonists in the county or deported to more southern locations of occupied Poland, while their farms were afforested.[9] German occupation ended in 1945, and the settlement was restored to Poland.

Sports[edit]

The local football team is GUKS Krasnosielc.[10] It competes in the lower leagues.

Notable inhabitants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01.
  2. ^ Grzybowski, Michał Marian (1987). "Jubileusz 600-lecia parafii Krasnosielc: 1386-1986". Studia Płockie (in Polish). No. 15. Płocki Instytut Wydawniczy. p. 203. ISSN 0137-4362.
  3. ^ a b Grzybowski, p. 205
  4. ^ a b c d e f Grzybowski, p. 204
  5. ^ a b c d Katarzyna Olzacka, History of Krasnosielc at www.kirkuty.xip.pl
  6. ^ David Shachar, "Research of the Massacre at Krasnosielc and Provision of a Memorial to the Victims" with Notes by the author.
  7. ^ Wardzyńska, Maria (2009). Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 112.
  8. ^ Wardzyńska (2009), p. 231
  9. ^ a b Wardzyńska, Maria (2017). Wysiedlenia ludności polskiej z okupowanych ziem polskich włączonych do III Rzeszy w latach 1939-1945 (in Polish). Warszawa: IPN. p. 400. ISBN 978-83-8098-174-4.
  10. ^ "Strona internetowa klubu GUKS Krasnosielc" (in Polish). Retrieved 30 May 2021.