Krasnyi Luch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Krasnyi Luch / Khrustalny
Красный Луч / Хрустальний
City
Executive Committee building in Khrustalny
Executive Committee building in Khrustalny
Coat of arms of Krasnyi Luch / Khrustalny
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Luhansk Oblast
Founded 1895
Area 153,56 km2 (5,929 sq mi)
Elevation 269 m (883 ft)
Population 81,389
Climate Dfb
World War II Memorial Complex "Mius Front" dedicated to fortifications of Mius-Front

Krasnyi Luch (Russian: Красный Луч) or Khrustalny (Ukrainian: Хрустальний) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (province) of south-eastern Ukraine, currently controlled by the Lugansk People's Republic.[1] It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 81,389 (2017 est.)[2].

History[edit]

The town was founded as Krindachyovka at the beginning of the 20th century, and renamed as Krasnyi Luch (lit. "red beam") in 1920. The city became one of the most important coal mining centres of the Donets Basin. The city was under German occupation from 1942 to 1944. The Jews were thrown in and killed with other categories of victims, such as the Communists, in the well of the Bogdan coal mine. Total number of victims was about 2,000.[3]

In order to comply with decommunization laws the city was renamed on 12 May 2016 by the Ukrainian parliament to Khrustalny.[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[6]

Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians: 49.2%
  • Russians: 46.1%
  • Belarusians: 1.1%
Language

People associated with Krasnyi Luch[edit]

On the right is a picture of the Wall of Honor. Such walls were installed in every oblast seat throughout the Soviet Union. With the dissolution of the Soviet state those landmarks were mostly removed, but in some instances were retained as the relics of the past.

Light heavyweight fighter Nikita Krylov originates from Krasnyi Luch.[7]

On August 1, 1943, the well-known WWII fighter pilot Lydia Litvyak took off from a base at Krasnyy Luch, to the last mission from which she never came back.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Численность населения по состоянию на 1 октября 2015 года по Луганской Народной Республ ике" (PDF) (in Russian). Luhansk People's Republic. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  3. ^ "YAHAD - IN UNUM". yahadmap.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  4. ^ Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
  5. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/342825.html
  6. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". www.ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  7. ^ "I am Russian but competitor for Ukraine". m.sovsport.ru/. Retrieved 23 August 2015.

Coordinates: 48°08′N 38°56′E / 48.133°N 38.933°E / 48.133; 38.933