Krasnyi Luch

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Krasnyi Luch / Khrustalny

Красный Луч / Хрустальний
City
Executive Committee building in Khrustalny
Executive Committee building in Khrustalny
Coat of arms of Krasnyi Luch / Khrustalny
Coat of arms
Country Ukraine
Oblast Luhansk Oblast
Founded1895
Area
153,56 km2 (5,929 sq mi)
Elevation
269 m (883 ft)
Population
81,389
ClimateDfb
World War II Memorial Complex "Mius Front" dedicated to fortifications of Mius-Front

Krasnyi Luch (Russian: Красный Луч) or Khrustalny (Ukrainian: Хрустальний) is a city in the Luhansk Oblast (province) of south-eastern Ukraine It is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 81,389 (2017 est.)[1].

History[edit]

The town was founded as Krindachevka[2] at the last years of the 19th century[3][4].

It became one of the most important coal mining centres of the Donets Basin[2][3].

A local newspaper is published here since September 1920[5]. In December 1920 it was renamed as Krasnyi Luch (lit. "red beam"). City since 1926[3][4].

The city was under German occupation from June 1942 to September 1943[3]. The Jews were thrown in and killed with other categories of victims, such as the Communists, in the well of the Bogdan coal mine. Total number of victims was about 2,000.[6]

In January 1965 the population of the city was 101 000 people[7].

In January 1989 the population of the city was 113 278 people[8]. It was an important coal-mining centre[4]. There were several coal-enriching plants, a machine-tool factory, light industries and a railway station[2].

In January 2013 the population of the city was 82 765 people[9].

Since spring 2014 it is controlled by the Lugansk People's Republic.[10]

In order to comply with decommunization laws the city was renamed on 12 May 2016 by the Ukrainian parliament to Khrustalny.[11][12]

Demographics[edit]

As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001:[13]

Ethnicity
  • Ukrainians: 49.2%
  • Russians: 46.1%
  • Belarusians: 1.1%
Language

People associated with Krasnyi Luch[edit]

On the right is a picture of the Wall of Honor. Such walls were installed in every oblast seat throughout the Soviet Union. With the dissolution of the Soviet state those landmarks were mostly removed, but in some instances were retained as the relics of the past.

Light heavyweight fighter Nikita Krylov originates from Krasnyi Luch.[14]

On August 1, 1943, the well-known WWII fighter pilot Lydia Litvyak took off from a base at Krasnyy Luch, to the last mission from which she never came back.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  2. ^ a b c Krasny Luch, also spelled Krasnyi Luch // The New Encyclopedia Britannica. 15th edition. Micropaedia. Vol.7. Chicago, 1994. page 1
  3. ^ a b c d Красный Луч // Большая Российская Энциклопедия / редколл., гл. ред. Ю. С. Осипов. том 15. М., научное издательство "Большая Российская Энциклопедия", 2010. стр.647
  4. ^ a b c Красный Луч // Большой энциклопедический словарь (в 2-х тт.). / редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. том 1. М., "Советская энциклопедия", 1991. стр.648
  5. ^ № 2904. Знамя коммунизма // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986 - 1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.381
  6. ^ "YAHAD - IN UNUM". yahadmap.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  7. ^ В. П. Коленский. Красный Луч: путеводитель. Донецк, "Донбасс", 1966. стр.4
  8. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу
  9. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2013 року. Державна служба статистики України. Київ, 2013. стор.73
  10. ^ "Численность населения по состоянию на 1 октября 2015 года по Луганской Народной Республ ике" (PDF) (in Russian). Luhansk People's Republic. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  11. ^ Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
  12. ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/342825.html
  13. ^ "Офіційна сторінка Всеукраїнського перепису населення". www.ukrcensus.gov.ua. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  14. ^ "I am Russian but competitor for Ukraine". m.sovsport.ru/. Retrieved 23 August 2015.

Coordinates: 48°08′N 38°56′E / 48.133°N 38.933°E / 48.133; 38.933