|Publication date||June 1971 – March 1972|
Captain Marvel (Mar-Vell)
|Penciller(s)||Sal Buscema (#89–92)|
Neal Adams (#93–96)
John Buscema (#94, 97)
|Inker(s)||Sam Grainger (#89–90)|
Sal Buscema (#91)
Tom Palmer (#93–97)
|Letterer(s)||Sam Rosen (#89, 92–97)|
Mike Stevens (#90)
Art Simek (#91)
|Kree–Skrull War||ISBN 0-7851-3230-9|
The "Kree–Skrull War" is a story arc that was written by Roy Thomas, and drawn by Sal Buscema, Neal Adams, and John Buscema. The story was originally published in the Marvel Comics comic book title Avengers #89–97 (June 1971 – March 1972).
The "Kree–Skrull War" is notable for its cosmic scope of interstellar warfare, enormous cast of characters, use of metaphor and allegory (for instance, to Joseph McCarthy and HUAC and the Arab–Israeli War), and the introduction of the Vision–Scarlet Witch romance, which became an ongoing theme for the characters (and the Avengers) for years to come. The "Kree–Skrull War" is considered by critics to be a highlight of its era, and is the culmination of a string of notable Thomas–Adams collaborations from this period, which began with their run on X-Men in 1969.
Writer Thomas admits he had no "master plan" in writing the storyline other than that the two "rapacious, galaxy-spanning races ... would be at war in the far reaches of space, and that their conflict would be threatening to spill over onto the Earth, turning our planet into the cosmic equivalent of some Pacific island during World War II." In this regard, Thomas was inspired by Raymond F. Jones' 1952 novel, This Island Earth.
In 2000, almost thirty years after the "Kree–Skrull War"'s original publication, Marvel produced a trade paperback collection of the entire story arc.
As part of 2020's Empyre event, a prelude one-shot called Road to Empyre: The Kree/Skrull War #1 will detail the origins of the millennia longstanding conflict between the two species.
The Kree hero Captain Marvel, arriving on Earth after an extended stay in the alternate dimension the Negative Zone, is captured by several members of the superhero team the Avengers—Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch, and android Vision—with aid of Mar-Vell's (the hero's true Kree name) sometime companion Rick Jones, and Mar-Vell himself. It is later revealed that he conceived a child with the Skrull princess Annelle during this period of time. This is necessary as Mar-Vell has inadvertently absorbed a lethal amount of radiation from spending weeks in the Negative Zone, and it will prove fatal unless treated. With the aid of a scientist, the Vision drains the excess radiation from Mar-Vell.
A flashback sequence explains that the Avengers detect an alarm from the Baxter Building, the headquarters of the Fantastic Four. The Avengers arrive at the building and find Mar-Vell using the portal to the Negative Zone—created by Reed Richards—to try and free Rick Jones from their need to "share molecules" (alternating between the same space, one on Earth and one trapped in the Negative Zone until swapping). Mar-Vell is successful, although while the portal to the Zone is open the Avengers are forced to drive back the entity Annihilus, who attempts to escape the Zone. Mar-Vell takes advantage of the distraction to steal the Avengers quinjet, which is tracked once the Avengers realize that the Kree hero has absorbed a lethal amount of radiation. The flashback ends and the group are then attacked by a robot Sentry, who captures Mar-Vell and escapes. The Avengers are questioned by Mar-Vell's former colleague, Carol Danvers.
The Avengers respond to a call from fellow member Goliath, who advises that he is answering a distress call from Avenger Janet Pym, also known as the Wasp. With husband and fellow member Henry Pym, the pair were en route via ship to a research base in the Arctic Circle, there to study the effect of oil exploration on the environment. The pair apparently found a lush island, and investigate as the Wasp and Yellowjacket. Yellowjacket guesses the truth and pushes the Wasp away before reaching the island. When he disappears, the Wasp in turn summons Goliath.
The Avengers arrive and are attacked once again by the Sentry, now aided by a hypnotised Goliath. The Avengers defeat Goliath but cannot stop the Sentry, who captures all but Quicksilver. The culprit is revealed to be Ronan the Accuser, now a Kree outlaw. Ronan begins "Plan Atavus", intending to devolve Earth to a prehistoric time to use as a base in the war against the Skrulls. Ronan shows the heroes how the research scientists at the base, and Henry Pym, have devolved into cavemen, who now lust after Janet Pym. Quicksilver arrives and attacks, and Ronan ends the battle when contacted and advised of an impending attack by the Skrulls on the Kree homeworld of Hala. Lacking purpose, the Sentry self-destructs. The Avengers and Mar-Vell recover and find that Pym and the other scientists, like the environment, revert to normal.
Mar-Vell's existence is revealed when the scientists advise the authorities as to what they witnessed, and the "Alien Activities Commission" is formed, led by Senator H. Warren Craddock. The Avengers agree to participate in a hearing, but this is abandoned when the Avengers refuse to hand over Mar-Vell. The Avengers encourage Mar-Vell to go with Danvers to a private farm, and although pursued by Nick Fury of S.H.I.E.L.D. escape. The Avengers deal with frustrated members of the public, who picket Avengers Mansion and then force their way in to vandalize the building.
Avengers Captain America, Iron Man and Thor apparently return to the Mansion and announce due to the behaviour of the team it is now disbanded forever. Quicksilver, the Scarlet Witch and the Vision decide to leave and check on Mar-Vell, but while there they are attacked by what at first appear to be three cows. The cows fire energy beams that cripple the Vision, who while able to turn intangible cannot move. Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch are captured when the cows turn into three members of the Fantastic Four, and then reveal they are in fact Skrulls, the ancient enemies of the Kree. At the same time Danvers has led Mar-Vell to a Skrull vessel she claims to have found, and persuades Mar-Vell to build an "Omni-Wave Projector", a communications device that in the hands of non-Kree is a deadly weapon. Mar-Vell, however, sees through the deception (as no humans, only Skrulls, know his true name) and destroys the device, but he is captured by Danvers (now revealed to actually be the Super-Skrull) and along with Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch is taken off Earth.
Although injured, the Vision is able to return to Avengers Mansion, where founding members Captain America, Iron Man, Thor and Henry Pym (now in his original identity of Ant-Man) have gathered. Ant-Man reduces himself to microscopic size and enters the Vision, and is able to repair the android. Ant-Man departs and on questioning the recovering Vision the Avengers determine it was the Skrulls – previously disguised as cows – that dissolved the team. The four Avengers find and capture the Skrulls for interrogation, and determine that the aliens are in fact three of the four members of the original exploration team that once visited Earth and battled the Fantastic Four. The Avengers are then attacked by a team of three Mandroids, sent by Senator Craddock to apprehend the heroes for failing to cooperate. Iron Man (secretly Tony Stark) designed the Mandroids and overloads their armour with an electrical discharge.
At the same time Triton of the Inhumans arrives, and unable to locate the Fantastic Four, asks the Avengers for aid in locating their ruler Black Bolt, needed as his brother Maximus has seized power in their homeland Attilan. The Avengers aid Triton, and after locating Black Bolt accompany the Inhumans to Attilan. Maximus is revealed to have entered into an alliance with the Kree, and in exchange for rulership uses Kree technology to control the population, intending to use them as soldiers against the Skrulls. The Avengers defeat Maximus and his minions, and after restoring Black Bolt to power leave (with Goliath) for Skrull space, intent on rescuing their comrades.
Mar-Vell is taken to the heart of the Skrull empire and after being advised that the captive Avengers will be executed, is forced to build another Projector. The Avengers arrive in Skrull space, and hold off the alien fleet while Mar-Vell is forced to use the Projector, which casts a temporarily freed Rick Jones back into the Negative Zone. Jones is rescued from the Zone by Kree leader the Supreme Intelligence, who unlocks hidden mental powers (the Destiny Force) in Rick Jones himself, Rick then sends a wave of Golden Age heroes with the Avengers against the Skrulls, ending the war. The Destiny Force also reverts Senator Craddock on Earth to his true Skrull form, revealing he was the fourth Skrull from the Earth expedition, and he is subsequently killed by an angered mob. The heroes return to Earth to discover that the real Senator Craddock has been found, and the Avengers' reputation has been restored.
A supplemental story appeared in New Avengers: Illuminati (vol. 2) #1 – 5 (Feb. 2007 – Jan. 2008), recounting the adventures of a team that Iron Man assembled after the war consisting of himself, Black Bolt, Mister Fantastic, Professor X, Namor and Doctor Strange, feeling that all of them together possessed information that could have averted Earth's involvement in the war if they had worked together. Issue #1 recounts the group's ill-fated confrontation with the Skrull emperor Dorrek, shortly after the Kree–Skrull War. In issue #5, Iron Man brings the Elektra Skrull's corpse to the group. Subsequently, they are attacked by a group of Super-Skrulls, including one who had been impersonating Black Bolt. This issue tied the Kree–Skrull War with the ongoing crossover Secret Invasion.
The nature of Rick's strange power at the story's conclusion is revealed in Avengers Forever, where it is identified as 'the Destiny Force', the ultimate manifestation of human potential, with various other Avengers manifesting the power during the crisis.
During Captain America Reborn, when Captain America was sent bouncing randomly through time by a weapon devised by the Red Skull, during a brief visit to the time of the Kree–Skrull war, he took advantage of the opportunity to isolate himself and the Vision from the conflict long enough to give the Vision a message that the Vision would subsequently 'delete' from his conscious memory until the time came for him to recall it, allowing Captain America to communicate with the present without changing history.
The Avengers storyline was collected in a trade paperback:
- The Avengers: Kree-Skrull War (208 pages, August 2000, ISBN 0-7851-0745-2, May 2008, ISBN 0-7851-3230-9)
In other media
- The Kree–Skrull War was going to be adapted in the Silver Surfer animated series, but after the show was cancelled in 1998, the war never appeared.
- In season two of The Super Hero Squad Show, Captain Marvel went missing during a peace conference between the Kree and the Skrulls, forcing the Squad to investigate. After the Squad was captured by the Skrulls, Falcon's trump card, in the form of the Scarlet Witch, ended the war between the Kree and the Skrulls and defeated the real Thanos, but Thanos escaped.
- In The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, Kang the Conqueror reveals that soon a Kree-Skrull war will take place on Earth and Captain America stepping in the wrong side will cause the extinction of mankind.
- Captain Marvel features the mythology of the Kree–Skrull War. In the film, the conflict is depicted as one-sided, with the Skrulls being the victims of the Kree’s genocidal war. The Kree Mar-Vell goes against her people and travels to Earth to help Skrull refugees escape from Kree forces. Carol Danvers, brainwashed by the Kree to fight the Skrulls, discovers the truth and rebels against her former masters, and helps the Skrulls find a new homeland.
- Sacks, Jason; Dallas, Keith (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1970s. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 44. ISBN 978-1605490564.
- Latta, D.K. "The Avengers: 'The Kree–Skrull War: A Comic Book Classic Returns,'" Archived 2011-03-24 at the Wayback Machine Strange Horizons (Feb. 26, 2001).
- Hill, Shawn, "Essential Avengers v4" (review), Archived 2008-11-23 at the Wayback Machine Comics Bulletin, (February 15, 2006): "This story set the standard for years to come.... You can see the model here for later stories involving the X-Men and the Fantastic Four in cosmic wars."
- Sanderson, Peter. Marvel Universe (Harry N. Abrams, 1998), p. 127: "Running nine issues, much of it spectacularly illustrated by Neal Adams, the Kree–Skrull War had no precedent in comics.... With this story The Avengers unquestionably established its reputation as one of Marvel's leading books."
- Thomas, Roy. "Afterword: A Splendid Little War," Marvel's Finest: Avengers: The Kree–Skrull War (Marvel Comics, 2000).
- Stone, Sam (December 19, 2019). "Empyre: Prelude One-Shot Teases Premise Of 2020's Major Marvel Event". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on December 21, 2019. Retrieved December 21, 2019.
- Fantastic Four #2 (Jan. 1962)
- Avengers #89 – 97 (June 1971 – March 1972)
- New Avengers: Illuminati vol. 2, #1 – 5 (Feb. 2007 – Jan. 2008)
- Lang, Brent (July 22, 2017). "'Captain Marvel' Will Be Set in the '90s With Skrulls as Villains". Variety. Archived from the original on July 23, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Sobon, Nicole (July 23, 2017). "Captain Marvel: Feige Reveals Kree/Skrull War Influences". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on July 25, 2017. Retrieved July 23, 2017.