Recklinghausen (district)

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Recklinghausen
District
North rhine w re grey.png
Country  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Adm. region Münster
Capital Recklinghausen
Area
 • Total 760.27 km2 (293.54 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total 617,807
 • Density 810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration RE, GLA

Recklinghausen (German pronunciation: [ʁɛklɪŋˈhaʊzən]) is a Kreis (district) in the centre of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is surrounded by the neighbouring districts of Borken, Coesfeld, Unna, Gelsenkirchen, Bottrop, and Wesel. The district administration is located in the city of the same name.

Apart from the Region Hannover, Kreis Recklingshausen is the largest non-city district in Germany by population.[2]

History[edit]

During medieval times, the area surrounding present-day Recklinghausen was known as Vest Recklinghausen, a territory which belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. From 1446 to 1576, this area was leased to the lordship of Gemen (now a part of the city Borken) and Schaumburg-Lippe. In 1811, the territory was added to the Grand Duchy of Berg, and in 1815 it became part of the Prussian Province of Westphalia.[citation needed]

The district was created in 1816. After several changes it obtained its present borders with the last reorganizations of 1975-76.[citation needed] It is also one of the oldest districts located in Germany.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The district Recklinghausen is located at the north of the Ruhr area with the urban parts of Ruhr area to the south and the rural Münsterland to the north. [3] The Lippe River flows through the district.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms show a silver nettle leaf on green ground - the sign of the Herrlichkeit Lembeck, an Amt (subdivision) in the clerical state of Münster. The black cross is the sign of the Bishops of Cologne who owned a big part of the district's area, the Vest Recklinghausen. The key inside the cross symbolizes St. Peter, the patron of Cologne.[4]

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns and municipalities in Kreis Recklinghausen
  1. Castrop-Rauxel
  2. Datteln
  3. Dorsten
  4. Gladbeck
  1. Haltern am See
  2. Herten
  3. Marl
  4. Oer-Erkenschwick
  1. Recklinghausen
  2. Waltrop

Partner districts[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kreis Recklinghausen at Wikimedia Commons:

Coordinates: 51°40′N 7°10′E / 51.67°N 7.17°E / 51.67; 7.17