Kreisliga Bayern

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Kreisliga Bayern
Map of Germany in 1925
Country  German Empire
 Germany
State  Kingdom of Bavaria
 Bavaria
Founded 1909
Folded 1923
Replaced by Gauliga Bayern
Level on pyramid Level 1
Last champions SpVgg Fürth
(1922–23)

The Kreisliga Bayern (English: District league Bavaria) was the highest association football league in the German Kingdom of Bavaria and, later, the state of Bavaria from 1909 to 1923. The league was disbanded with the introduction of the Bezirksliga Bayern in 1923.

Overview[edit]

1907 to 1914[edit]

The league was formed in a move to improve the organisation of football in Southern Germany in the early 1900s. Within the structure of the Southern German football championship, four regional leagues were gradually established from 1907, these being:

In 1909, a first Ostkreis-Liga (English: Eastern District League) was established, consisting of only four clubs and playing a home-and-away season, these clubs being:[1]

The winner of this competition, Bayern Munich, advanced to the Southern German championship, which in turn was a qualifying competition for the German championship. The Bavarian clubs from the Palatinate never played in the same league as the clubs from the "mainland", instead, they were part of the Westkreis-Liga. Previous to the new Ostkreis-Liga, regional competitions with a finals round were played but this was not truly an all-Bavarian competition as only clubs from the major cities took part.

The following season, 1910–11, a proper league with ten clubs was established, the teams again playing a home-and-away season. Parallel, the other three Southern Kreisligas were organised in a similar fashion with the four regional winners playing for the southern title.[2] In the following season, the league was expanded to eleven teams but the modus remained the same.[3]

For the 1912-13 season, the league was reduced to eight teams.[4] It remained unchanged for its last pre-First World War season in 1913-14.[5]

1914 to 1919[edit]

The outbreak of war in August 1914 lead to a suspension of all football competitions. Initially it was thought that the war would not last long but when it became evident that this was not so, competitions were restarted with players too young or too old to be drafted to the military. In any case, a 1914-15 championship was not held.[6] A 1915-16 championship was held on regional level with a Bavarian final rather than a league,[7] a system in place for 1916-17 [8] and 1917-18 as well.[9]

1919 to 1923[edit]

With the collapse of the German Empire in 1918, no Bavarian championship was played in 1918-19 but football returned to a more organised system in 1919, similar to the one used before the war.

Southern Germany, now without the Alsace region, which had to be returned to France, was sub-divided into ten Kreisligas, these being:

Bavaria was sub-divided into two Kreisligas, north and south, with ten clubs each.[10] Both league winners advanced to the Southern championship. This system applied for the 1919-20 and 1920-21 season.[11]

In 1921-22, the two regional divisions were in turn split into two groups of eight, increasing the number of tier-one clubs in Bavaria to 32. The four league winners then played a semi-final and final to determine the Bavarian champion.[12] This "watering down" of Bavarian football lasted for only one season, in 1922-23, the number of top clubs was halved and the league returned to a northern and southern division, now with eight clubs each. The two league winners played a Bavarian final once more.[13]

In 1923, a league reform which was decided upon in Darmstadt, Hesse, established the Southern German Bezirksligas which were to replace the Kreisligas.[14] The best four teams each from the north and south of Bavaria were admitted to the new Bezirksliga Bayern.

National success[edit]

Southern German championship[edit]

Qualified teams and their success:

  • 1910:
    • Bayern Munich, Runners-up
  • 1911:
    • Bayern Munich, Runners-up
  • 1912:
    • SpVgg Fürth, 3rd place
  • 1913:
    • SpVgg Fürth, 4th place
  • 1914:
    • SpVgg Fürth, Southern German champions
  • 1916:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, Southern German champions
  • 1917:
    • SpVgg Fürth, Runners-up
  • 1918:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, Southern German champions
  • 1920:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, Southern German champions
  • 1921:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, Southern German champions
  • 1922:
    • Wacker München, Southern German champions
  • 1923:
    • SpVgg Fürth, Southern German champions

German championship[edit]

  • 1914:
    • SpVgg Fürth, German champions
  • 1920:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, German champions
  • 1921:
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, German champions
  • 1922:
    • Wacker München, Semi-finals
    • 1. FC Nuremberg, Runners-up
  • 1923:
    • SpVgg Fürth, Semi-finals

Winners and runners-up of the Kreisliga Bayern[edit]

Season Winner Runner-Up
1909–10 Bayern Munich 1. FC Nuremberg
1910–11 Bayern Munich 1. FC Nuremberg
1911–12 SpVgg Fürth Bayern Munich
1912–13 SpVgg Fürth Bayern Munich
1913–14 SpVgg Fürth 1. FC Nuremberg
1914–15 not held
1915–16 1. FC Nuremberg TSV 1860 Munich
1916–17 SpVgg Fürth Bayern Munich
1917–18 1. FC Nuremberg Bayern Munich
1918–19 not held
Season North South
1919–20 1. FC Nuremberg Bayern Munich
1920–21 1. FC Nuremberg Wacker München
1921–22 SpVgg Fürth Wacker München
1922–23 SpVgg Fürth Bayern Munich
  • Bold denotes Bavarian champion (when determined).

Placings in the Kreisliga Bayern 1909-23[edit]

Ostkreis-Liga 1909-14[edit]

Club 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914
SpVgg Fürth 4 3 1 1 1
1. FC Nuremberg 2 2 3 3 2
Pfeil Nürnberg 6 5 5 3
Bayern Munich 1 1 2 2 4
MTV 1979 München 3 4 7 4 5
VfB Noris Nürnberg 10 8 6
Kickers Würzburg 6 7
Wacker München 5 4 7 8
TSV 1860 Munich 7 6 8
1. FC Bamberg 9 9
Concordia Nürnberg 10
MTV Augsburg 8 11

References[edit]

  1. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1910 Archived June 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  2. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1911 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  3. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1912 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  4. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1913 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  5. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1914 Archived February 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  6. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1915 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  7. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1916 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  8. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1917 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  9. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1918 (German), accessed: 14 December 2008
  10. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 62, accessed: 14 December 2008
  11. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 65, accessed: 14 December 2008
  12. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 70, accessed: 14 December 2008
  13. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 73, accessed: 14 December 2008
  14. ^ History of the Offenburger Fußballverein Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) Page 5, accessed: 14 December 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Fussball-Jahrbuch Deutschland (German) (8 vol.), Tables and results of the German tier-one leagues 1919-33, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll

External links[edit]