|Replaced by||Bezirksliga Rheinhessen-Saar|
|Level on pyramid||Level 1|
|Last champions||SV Wiesbaden
The Kreisliga Hessen (English: District league Hesse) was the highest association football league in parts of the German state of Hesse (Rheinhessen) and parts of the Bavarian region of Palatinate as well as the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau from 1919 to 1923. The league was disbanded with the introduction of the Bezirksliga Rheinhessen-Saar in 1923.
While the league carries the name Kreisliga Hessen it did not cover anywhere near the whole area of what is now the federal state of Hesse. Its main body lay in what is now Rhineland-Palatinate, together with the Wiesbaden area of the state of Hesse.
From 1907, four regional leagues were formed within the structure of the Southern German football championship, in a move to improve the organisation of football in Southern Germany, these being:
- Ostkreis-Liga, covering Bavaria
- Nordkreis-Liga, covering Hesse
- Südkreis-Liga, covering Württemberg, Baden and Alsace
- Westkreis-Liga, covering the Palatinate, Lorraine and the southern Rhine Province
In 1908, a first Nordkreis-Liga (English: Northern District League) and Westkreis-Liga (English: Western District League) were established. With the outbreak of the First World War, league football came to a halt and, during the war, games were only played on a limited level.
Post-First World War
With the collapse of the German Empire in 1918, no Nord- or Westkreis championship was played in 1918-19 but football returned to a more organised system in 1919.
- Kreisliga Hessen
- Kreisliga Nordbayern
- Kreisliga Nordmain
- Kreisliga Odenwald
- Kreisliga Pfalz
- Kreisliga Saar
- Kreisliga Südbayern
- Kreisliga Südmain
- Kreisliga Südwest
- Kreisliga Württemberg
The new Kreisliga Hessen was made up from ten clubs from both the Nordkreis and Westkreis leagues. The league winners of the Kreisligas advanced to the Southern championship. This system applied for the 1919-20 and 1920-21 season.
In 1921-22, the Kreisliga Hessen was split into two groups of eight, increasing the number of tier-one clubs in the region to 16. The two league winners then played a final to determine the Hessen champion, which in turn advanced to a Rheinhessen-Saar championship final against the Saar champion. This "watering down" of football in the region lasted for only one season, in 1922-23, the number of top clubs was reduced to eight clubs in a single division, with a Rheinhessen-Saar final against the Saar champion once more.
In 1923, a league reform which was decided upon in Darmstadt, Hesse, established the Southern German Bezirksligas which were to replace the Kreisligas. The best four teams each from the Kreisliga Hessen and Saar were admitted to the new Bezirksliga Rheinhessen-Saar. The four clubs from Hessen were:
The clubs from the Kreisliga Hessen were not particularly successful in this era and none managed to qualify for the German championship.
Played in 1922 and 1923, these were the finals:
- Hessen final: SV Wiesbaden - Alemannia Worms 2-0 / 1-4 / 2-1
- Rheinhessen-Saar final: Borussia Neunkirchen - SV Wiesbaden 3-1 / 3-0
- Rheinhessen-Saar final: Borussia Neunkirchen - SV Wiesbaden 0-0 / 2-2 / 3-0
Southern German championship
Qualified teams and their success:
- Germania Wiesbaden, Group stage
- FSV Mainz 05, Group stage
- SV Wiesbaden, not qualified
- SV Wiesbaden, not qualified
Winners and runners-up of the Kreisliga Hessen
|1919–20||Germania Wiesbaden||SV Wiesbaden|
|1920–21||FSV Mainz 05||Alemannia Worms|
|1921–22||SV Wiesbaden||Alemannia Worms|
|1922–23||SV Wiesbaden||TG Höchst|
Placings in the Kreisliga Hessen 1919-23
|FC Kreuznach 02||7||7|
|FV 02 Biebrich||8||8||3||4|
|FSV Mainz 05||9||1||3||6|
|FV Kreuznach 07||4||8|
|VfR Worms 1||8|
- 1 VfR Worms joined Wormatia Worms in 1922.
- Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1909 Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (German), accessed: 22 March 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 62, accessed: 22 March 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 65, accessed: 22 March 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 70, accessed: 22 March 2009
- Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 73, accessed: 22 March 2009
- History of the Offenburger Fußballverein Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (German) Page 5, accessed: 14 December 2008
- Fussball-Jahrbuch Deutschland (German) (8 vol.), Tables and results of the German tier-one leagues 1919-33, publisher: DSFS
- Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
- Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll