Kreisliga Pfalz

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Kreisliga Pfalz
Map of Germany in 1925
Founded 1919
Folded 1923
Replaced by Bezirksliga Rhein
Country  Germany
State Palatinate
Level on pyramid Level 1
Last champions Phönix Ludwigshafen
(1922–23)

The Kreisliga Pfalz (English: District league Palatinate) was the highest association football league in the Bavarian region of Palatinate from 1919 to 1923. The league was disbanded with the introduction of the Bezirksliga Rhein in 1923.

Overview[edit]

Predecessor[edit]

From 1907, four regional leagues were formed within the structure of the Southern German football championship, in a move to improve the organisation of football in Southern Germany, these being:

In 1908, a first Westkreis-Liga (English: Western District League) was established.[1] With the outbreak of the First World War, league football came to a halt and, during the war, games were only played on a limited level.

Post-First World War[edit]

With the collapse of the German Empire in 1918, no Westkreis championship was played in 1918-19 but football returned to a more organised system in 1919.

Southern Germany, now without the Alsace and Lorraine regions, the later having been part of the Westkreis and had to be returned to France, was sub-divided into ten Kreisligas, these being:

The new Kreisliga Pfalz was made up from eight clubs from the Westkreis region.[2] The league winners of the Kreisligas advanced to the Southern championship. This system applied for the 1919-20 and 1920-21 season, with the league expanding to ten clubs for the later.[3]

In 1921-22, the Kreisliga Pfalz was split into two groups of eight, increasing the number of tier-one clubs in the region to 16. The two league winners then played a final to determine the Pfalz champion, which in turn advanced to a Rhein championship final against the Odenwald champion.[4] This "watering down" of football in the region lasted for only one season, in 1922-23, the number of top clubs was reduced to eight clubs in a single division, with a Rhein final against the Odenwald champion once more.[5]

In 1923, a league reform which was decided upon in Darmstadt, Hesse, established the Southern German Bezirksligas which were to replace the Kreisligas.[6] The best four teams each from the Kreisliga Odenwald and Pfalz were admitted to the new Bezirksliga Rhein. The four clubs from Pfalz were:

National success[edit]

No club from the Kreisliga Pfalz managed to qualify for the German championship but in three out of four years, the Pfalz champion reached the final of the Southern German championship to lose to the Bavarian representative.

Rhein championship[edit]

Played in 1922 and 1923, these were the finals:

  • 1922:
    • Pfalz final: Phönix Ludwigshafen - FG 03 Ludwigshafen 1-0 / 2-4 / 3-2
    • Rhein final: VfR Mannheim - Phönix Ludwigshafen 0-0 / 3-2
  • 1923:

Southern German championship[edit]

Qualified teams and their success:

  • 1920:
    • Pfalz Ludwigshafen, Runners-up
  • 1921:
    • Phönix Ludwigshafen, Runners-up
  • 1922:
    • Phönix Ludwigshafen, not qualified
  • 1923:
    • Phönix Ludwigshafen, Runners-up

Winners and runners-up of the Kreisliga Pfalz[edit]

Season Champions Runner-Up
1919–20 Pfalz Ludwigshafen Phönix Ludwigshafen
1920–21 Phönix Ludwigshafen FG 03 Ludwigshafen
1921–22 Phönix Ludwigshafen FG 03 Ludwigshafen
1922–23 Phönix Ludwigshafen Pfalz Ludwigshafen

Placings in the Kreisliga Pfalz 1919-23[edit]

Club 1920 1921 1922 1923
Pfalz Ludwigshafen 1 3 3 2
Phönix Ludwigshafen 2 1 1 1
FG 03 Ludwigshafen 3 2 1 3
FV Frankenthal 4 4 3 6
SC Ludwigshafen 04 5 5 5
Alemannia Worms 6
Wormatia Worms 7
Arminia Rheingönheim 8 5
FK Pirmasens 6 2 4
SC Pirmasens 05 7 6
FV Kaiserslautern 8 2 7
VfR Kaiserslautern 9 4 5
FV Speyer 10 6
Viktoria St. Ingbert 7
Pirmasens 1863 8
VB Zweibrücken 4 8
MTV Pirmasens 7
Union Ludwigshafen 8

References[edit]

  1. ^ Verband Süddeutscher Fussball Vereine 1909 Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. (in German), accessed: 22 March 2009
  2. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (in German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 62, accessed: 22 March 2009
  3. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (in German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 65, accessed: 22 March 2009
  4. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (in German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 70, accessed: 22 March 2009
  5. ^ Süddeutschlands Fussball in Tabellenform 1897 - 1988, (in German) author: Ludolf Hyll, page: 73, accessed: 22 March 2009
  6. ^ History of the Offenburger Fußballverein Archived March 6, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) Page 5, accessed: 14 December 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Fussball-Jahrbuch Deutschland (in German) (8 vol.), Tables and results of the German tier-one leagues 1919-33, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Süddeutschlands Fussballgeschichte in Tabellenform 1897-1988 (in German) History of Southern German football in tables, publisher & author: Ludolf Hyll

External links[edit]