Kresta II-class cruiser
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Kresta II-class cruiser Admiral Yumashev.
|Name:||Kresta II class|
|Preceded by:||Kresta I class|
|Succeeded by:||Kara class|
|Type:||Guided missile cruiser|
|Length:||159 m (522 ft)|
|Beam:||17 m (56 ft)|
|Draught:||6 m (20 ft)|
|Speed:||34 kn (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Endurance:||1830 tons fuel oil|
|Sensors and |
|Radar; Don Kay, Don-2, Top Sail, Head Net 2 x Head Lights 2 x Muff Cob, 2 x Bass Tilt, Sonar; Bull Nose|
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Ka-25 series helicopter|
|Aviation facilities:||Helipad and hangar|
The Kresta II class, Soviet designation Project 1134A Berkut A (golden eagle), was a class of guided missile cruiser (large anti-submarine warfare ship in Soviet classification) built by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy. The NATO lists the class as "cruisers" mainly due to the Metel (SS-N-14 Silex) anti-ship missile system capable to strike not only submarines but also surface vessels.
The Kresta II class was an anti-submarine derivative of the Kresta I-class cruiser, and were armed with a new anti-submarine missile (SS-N-14), new surface-to-air missiles (SA-N-3) and advanced sonar. Conway's states that the first three ships were to have been armed with the SS-N-9 anti-ship missile but Soviet naval doctrine changed with greater emphasis on anti-submarine warfare. The surface-to-air missiles comprised more advanced SA-N-3 missiles with two twin launchers. New 3D search radar and new fire control radars were also fitted. 4 30mm CIWS guns were also fitted for improved anti-missile defence. A more advanced sonar led to the bow being more sharply raked. The machinery suite comprised two TV-12 steam turbines with high-pressure boilers, identical to the Kresta I class.
The Kresta II-class cruisers were 158.5 metres (520 ft) long with a beam of 16.9 m (55 ft) and a draught of 6 m (20 ft). They displaced 6000 tons standard and 7800 full load. They had a complement of 380-400 and were equipped with a hangar aft to stow away a Kamov Ka-25 Hormone-A helicopter.
Kresta II-class vessels were propelled by two TV-12 steam geared turbines powered by four high pressure boilers which created 75,000 kilowatts (101,000 hp). This gave the cruisers a maximum speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph). They had a range of 10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) and 5,200 nmi (9,600 km; 6,000 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph).
For their primary role as anti-submarine cruisers, the Kresta II class mounted two quadruple launchers for eight SS-N-14 anti-submarine missiles. They were also equipped with two RBU 6000 12-barrel and two RBU 1000 6-barrel rocket launchers. The Ka-25 helicopter embarked on the cruiser was also capable of aiding in the search and destruction of submarines.
Against aerial threats the cruisers were armed with four 57mm L/80 DP guns situated in two twin mountings. They also had four 30mm AK-630 CIWS mountings. They were armed with two twin launchers for the 48 SA-N-3 surface-to-air missiles they carried.
The ships also mounted two quintuple mountings for 533 mm (21.0 in) dual-role torpedoes.
The Kresta II class were equipped with MR600 air search radar MR-310 Angara Don navigational and Volga navigational radars. For anti-submarine warfare they had MG-322 hull mounted sonar. For fire control purposes they had Grom SA-N-1 fire control, MR103 AK725 fire control and Drakon RP33 fire control. They also had a MG-26 communications outfit and a MG-35 Shtil.
The first four ships of the class to be completed were not equipped with the MR-123 Vympel fire control radar for the AK-630, and relied on manual targeting instead.
|Kronstadt||Кронштадт||City of Kronstadt||30 November 1966||10 February 1968||29 December 1969||24 June 1991|
|Admiral Isakov||Адмирал Исаков||Ivan Isakov||15 January 1968||22 November 1968||28 December 1970||30 June 1993|
|Admiral Nakhimov||Адмирал Нахимов||Pavel Nakhimov||15 January 1968||15 April 1969||29 November 1971||31 January 1991|
|Admiral Makarov||Адмирал Макаров||Stepan Makarov||23 February 1969||22 November 1970||25 October 1972||3 July 1992|
|City of Khabarovsk
|20 March 1970||8 October 1970||15 September 1973||3 July 1992|
|Admiral Oktyabrsky||Адмирал Октябьский||Filipp Oktyabrskiy||2 June 1969||21 May 1971||28 December 1973||30 June 1993|
|Admiral Isachenkov||Адмирал Исаченков||Nikolai Isachenkov||30 October 1970||28 March 1972||5 November 1974||3 July 1992|
|Marshal Timoshenko||Маршал Тимошенко||Semyon Timoshenko||2 November 1972||21 October 1973||25 November 1975||3 July 1992|
|Vasily Chapaev||Василий Чапаев||Vasily Chapayev||22 November 1973||28 November 1974||30 November 1976||30 June 1993|
|Admiral Yumashev||Адмирал Юмашев||Ivan Yumashev||17 April 1975||30 September 1977||30 December 1977||13 July 1992|
- Averin, A.B. (2007). Адмиралы и маршалы. Корабли проектов 1134 и 1134А [Admirals and Marshals: Ships Project 1134 and 1134A] (in Russian). Moscow: Voennaya Kniga. ISBN 978-5-902863-16-8.
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link) Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.
- Hampshire, Edward (2017). Soviet Cold War Guided Missile Cruisers. New Vanguard 242. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-1740-2.
- Kresta Class - Project 1134 at Federation of American Scientists website
- article in Russian
-  [article in Russian]
- All Russian Kresta II Class Cruisers - Complete Ship List
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