Kresta II-class cruiser
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Kresta II-class cruiser Admiral Yumashev.
|Preceded by:||Kresta I class|
|Succeeded by:||Kara class|
|In commission:||1968 - 1993|
|Length:||159 m (522 ft)|
|Beam:||17 m (56 ft)|
|Draught:||6 m (20 ft)|
|Speed:||34 kn (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Endurance:||1830 tons fuel oil|
|Sensors and |
|Radar; Don Kay, Don-2, Top Sail, Head Net 2 x Head Lights 2 x Muff Cob, 2 x Bass Tilt, Sonar; Bull Nose|
|Aircraft carried:||1 Kamov Ka-25 'Hormone-A'|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter deck and hangar|
The Kresta II class, Soviet Designation Project 1134A, Berkut A (golden eagle), were Soviet guided missile cruisers of the Cold War. The ships entered service between the late 1960s and 1970s and were rapidly decommissioned after the end of the Cold War.
These ships were an anti-submarine derivative of the Kresta I-class cruiser. These ships had a new anti-submarine missile (SS-N-14), new surface-to-air missiles (SA-N-3) and advanced sonar. All ships were built by the Zhdanov Yard, Leningrad.
Conway's states that the first three ships were to have been armed with the SS-N-9 anti-ship missile but Soviet naval doctrine changed with greater emphasis on anti-submarine warfare. The surface-to-air missiles comprised more advanced SA-N-3 missiles with two twin launchers. New 3D search radar and new fire control radars were also fitted. 4 30mm CIWS guns were also fitted for improved anti-missile defence. A more advanced sonar led to the bow being more sharply raked. The machinery suite comprised two TV-12 steam turbines with high-pressure boilers, identical to the Kresta I class.
The Kresta II-class cruisers were 158.5 metres (520 ft) long with a beam of 16.9 m (55 ft) and a draught of 6 m (20 ft). They displaced 6000 tons standard and 7800 full load. They had a complement of 380-400 and were equipped with a hangar aft to stow away a Kamov Ka-25 Hormone-A helicopter.
Kresta II-class vessels were propelled by two TV-12 steam geared turbines powered by four high pressure boilers which created 75,000 kilowatts (101,000 hp). This gave the cruisers a maximum speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph). They had a range of 10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph) and 5,200 nmi (9,600 km; 6,000 mi) at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph).
For their primary role as anti-submarine cruisers, the Kresta II class mounted two quadruple launchers for eight SS-N-14 anti-submarine missiles. They were also equipped with two RBU 6000 12-barrel and two RBU 1000 6-barrel rocket launchers. The Ka-25 helicopter embarked on the cruiser was also capable of aiding in the search and destruction of submarines.
Against aerial threats the cruisers were armed with four 57mm L/80 DP guns situated in two twin mountings. They also had four 30mm AK-630 CIWS mountings. They were armed with two twin launchers for the 48 SA-N-3 surface-to-air missiles they carried.
The ships also mounted two quintuple mountings for 533 mm (21.0 in) dual-role torpedoes.
The Kresta II class were equipped with MR600 air search radar MR-310 Angara Don navigational and Volga navigational radars. For anti-submarine warfare they had MG-322 hull mounted sonar. For fire control purposes they had Grom SA-N-1 fire control, MR103 AK725 fire control and Drakon RP33 fire control. They also had a MG-26 communications outfit and a MG-35 Shtil.
The first four ships of the class to be completed were not equipped with the MR-123 Vympel fire control radar for the AK-630, and relied on manual targeting instead.
|Ship||Name in Russian||Namesake||Laid Down||Launched||Commissioned||Decommissioned|
|Kronstadt||Кронштадт||city of Kronstadt||30 November 1966||10 February 1968||29 December 1969||1991|
|Admiral Isakov||Адмирал Исаков||Ivan Isakov||15 January 1968||22 November 1968||28 December 1970||1993|
|Admiral Nakhimov||Адмирал Нахимов||Pavel Nakhimov||15 January 1968||15 April 1969||29 November 1971||1991|
|Admiral Makarov||Адмирал Макаров||Stepan Makarov||23 February 1969||22 November 1970||25 October 1972||1992|
|Marshal Voroshilov (renamed Khabarovsk)||Маршал Ворошилов||Kliment Voroshilov||20 March 1970||8 October 1970||15 September 1973||1991|
|Admiral Oktyabrsky||Адмирал Октябьский||Filipp Oktyabrskiy||2 June 1969||21 May 1971||28 December 1973||1993|
|Admiral Isachenkov||Адмирал Исаченков||Nikolai Isachenkov||30 October 1970||28 March 1972||5 November 1974||1992|
|Marshal Timoshenko||Маршал Тимошенко||Semyon Timoshenko||2 November 1972||21 October 1973||25 November 1975||1992|
|Vasily Chapaev||Василий Чапаев||Vasily Chapayev||22 November 1973||28 November 1974||30 November 1976||1993|
|Admiral Yumashev||Адмирал Юмашев||Ivan Yumashev||17 April 1975||30 September 1977||30 December 1977||1993|
- Averin, A.B. (2007). Адмиралы и маршалы. Корабли проектов 1134 и 1134А [Admirals and Marshals: Ships Project 1134 and 1134A] (in Russian). Moscow: Voennaya Kniga. ISBN 978-5-902863-16-8.
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130. Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.
- Hampshire, Edward (2017). Soviet Cold War Guided Missile Cruisers. New Vanguard 242. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-1740-2.
- Kresta Class - Project 1134 at Federation of American Scientists website
- article in Russian
-  [article in Russian]
- All Russian Kresta II Class Cruisers - Complete Ship List
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