Kresta I-class cruiser
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Kresta-class cruiser Vize-Admiral Drozd in 1986.
|Name:||Kresta I class|
|Preceded by:||Kynda class|
|Succeeded by:||Kresta II class|
|Type:||Guided missile cruiser|
|Length:||159 m (521 ft 8 in)|
|Beam:||17 m (55 ft 9 in)|
|Draught:||6 m (19 ft 8 in)|
|Speed:||34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)|
|Range:||10,500 nautical miles (19,400 km; 12,100 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
|Aircraft carried:||1 Kamov Ka-25 'Hormone-B'|
|Aviation facilities:||Helicopter deck and hangar|
These ships were designed for a surface warfare role. Soviet priorities were changed to an anti-submarine role and only 4 ships were built with this configuration. These ships were followed by the Kresta II class, an anti-submarine derivative.
Though considerably larger, more effective and reliable than the previous Soviet cruiser class, the Kynda class, the Kresta I surface warfare cruisers carried only half as many Shaddock launch tubes and one-fourth the total number of missiles. Initially it was planned to fit the SS-N-12 Sandbox (P-500 Bazalt) missile but the protracted development of this missile led to the older SS-N-3 being shipped. The self-defence armament was considerably increased as were command and communications facilities.
The Kresta Is could launch four SS-N-3b SLCMs and 44 SA-N-1 surface-to-air missiles with two twin launchers fore and aft, and had ten 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes. A single Ka-25 Hormone B helicopter was carried for targeting the cruise missile, and mid-course corrections.
Electronics Fit carried :
- MR-500 Kliver air search
- MR-302 Rubka
- MR-310 Angara
- Don navigation
- MG-312 hull mounted
- MG-26 hull mounted
- Other systems:
- Khrom-2M IFF
- Yatagan SA-N-1 fire control
- MR-103 AK-725 fire control
- Binom P35 Progress fire control
Two unbuilt variants were proposed;
- Project 934 - A variant armed with 8 short range anti ship missiles (SS-N-9) otherwise similar to the ships built. This design evolved into the Kresta 2 class
- Project 934 K - This was a larger flagship variant with enlarged command facilities and a bigger hangar for 4-5 helicopters. This variant was cancelled
The initial plan was for a single squadron of seven ships armed with long range missiles and two squadrons of fourteen ships armed with shorter range missiles. In reality only four ships were built before production switched to the anti-submarine variant the Kresta II class
|Admiral Zozulya||Адмирал Зозуля||1964||1965||1967||1994|
|Vize-Admiral Drozd||Вице-Адмирал Дрозд||1965||1966||1968||Sank 1992 on way to breakers|
Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130. Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.
- - Article in Russian
- - page from FAS in English
- (English) All Russian Kresta I Class Cruisers - Complete Ship List
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