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|Territorial evolution of Poland
in the 20th century
Kresy Zachodnie (Polish pronunciation: [ˈkrɛsɨ zaˈxɔdɲɛ], Western Borderlands) is a term used by Poles, mostly in a historical context, to refer to the western parts of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth that in the partitions were annexed by Prussia. This name refers specifically to the regions of Eastern Pomerania, Great Poland, Warmia, and occasionally Upper Silesia.
The 19th century history of these regions was quite different from the rest of the former Commonwealth. There were uprisings in 1806, 1846, and 1848 but the main battle between the Polish majority and large German minority was for economic domination in these provinces.
During the interwar period interbellum most inhabitants of this area supported the politics of Narodowa Demokracja political movement. Polish leader Józef Piłsudski was treated with considerable reserve or with open enmity. This was due to his collaboration with the Central Powers in World War I, and a perception that during the years when an independent Poland was being created Piłsudski was more interested in fighting for the eastern Kresy Wschodnie to become part of the new state than in fighting for the western Kresy Zachodnie.
- Former eastern territories of Germany
- Greater Poland Uprising (1918–1919)
- German Eastern Marches Society (Hakata)
- Settlement Commission
- Western Institute
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