Krishan Chander

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Krishan Chander Chopra
Born (1914-11-23)November 23, 1914
Wazirabad, Punjab, British India
Died March 8, 1977(1977-03-08) (aged 62)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Alma mater Forman Christian College
Occupation Writer

Krishan Chander (23 November 1914 – 8 March 1977) was an Urdu/Hindi writer of short stories and novels. He also worked on English.

He was a prolific writer, penning over 20 novels, 30 collections of short stories and scores of radio plays in Urdu and later, after partition of the country, took to writing mainly in Hindi.

He also wrote screen-plays for Bollywood movies to supplement his meagre income as an author of satirical stories. Krishan Chander's novels (including the classic : Ek Gadhe Ki Sarguzasht, trans. Autobiography of a Donkey) have been translated into over 16 Indian languages and some foreign languages, including English.

His short story "Annadata" (trans: The Giver of Grain – an obsequious appellation used by Indian peasants for their feudal land-owners), was made into the film Dharti Ke Lal, by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas in 1946 – which led to his being offered work regularly as a screenwriter by Bollywood, including such populist hits as Sharafat 1970.

Early life and education[edit]

Chander was born in Bharatpur, Rajasthan where his father worked as a doctor.[1] The family originally belonged to Wazirabad District Gujranwala, of undivided Punjab, British India. Chander spent his childhood in Poonch, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, where his father worked as the physician of Maharaja Poonch.[2] His novel Shakast (Defeat) is related to Kashmir's partition. Mitti Ke Sanam one of his most popular novel is about the childhood memories of a young boy who lived with his parents in Kashmir. His another memorable novel is "Gaddar", which is about the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947. In this novel, he brilliantly picturised the sufferings of the people during that time through a selfish young man's feelings, who himself was a gaddar (betrayer). His short stories are the stories of Kashmiri villages, as well as those of displaced expatriates and rootless urban man. He used Pahari (dialect of people living in Poonch) words while writing in Urdu.

In the 1930s he studied at Forman Christian College and edited the English section of the college house magazine, and was at that time interested in English writings. As the then editor of the Urdu section of the magazine, Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi was instrumental to his career in having got published, in the year 1932, Chander's first Urdu short story, "Sadhu".[3]

Career[edit]

His literary masterpieces on the Bengal famine and the savagery and barbarism that took place at the time of the partition of India in 1947 are some of the finest specimens of modern Urdu literature, but at other times too he continued relentlessly to critique the abuse of power, poverty and the suffering of the wretched of the earth; but above all he never stopped protesting casteism, fanaticism, communal violence and terror. He was a humanist and a cosmopolitan.

Book List Written by Krishn Chander[edit]

Novels:

  1. jamun ka ped
  2. Shikast
  3. Jab Khet Jagay
  4. Toofaan Ki KaliyaaN
  5. Dil Ki WaadiyaaN So GayiN
  6. Aasmaan Roushan Hai
  7. Bavan Patte
  8. Ek Gadhe Ki Sarguzasht
  9. Ek Aurat Hazaar Deewanay
  10. Ghaddar
  11. SaRak Wapas Jaati Hai
  12. Dadar Pul Ke Neechay
  13. Barf Ke Phool
  14. Borban Club
  15. Meri YaadoN Ke Chinaar
  16. Gadhay Ki Wapasi
  17. Chandi Ka Ghaao
  18. Ek Gadha Nefa Mein
  19. Hong Kong Ki Haseena
  20. Mitti Ke Sanam
  21. Zar GaoN Ki Raani
  22. Ek Voilon Samundar Ke Kinare
  23. Dard Ki Nahar
  24. London Ke Saat Rang
  25. Kaghaz Ki Naao
  26. Filmi Qaaida
  27. Panch Loafer
  28. Panch Loafer Ek Heroine
  29. Ganga Bahe Na Raat
  30. Dusri Barfbari Se Pahlay
  31. Gwalior Ka Hajjam
  32. Bambai Ki Sham
  33. Chanda Ki Chandni
  34. Ek Karor Ki Botal
  35. Maharani
  36. Pyar Ek Khushbu
  37. MasheenoN Ka Shahr
  38. Carnival
  39. Aayine Akelay Hain
  40. Chanbal Ki Chanbeli
  41. Uska Badan Mera Chaman
  42. Muhabbat Bhi Qayamat Bhi
  43. Sone Ka Sansaar
  44. SapnoN Ki Waadi
  45. Aadha Raasta
  46. Honolulu Ka Rajkumar
  47. SapnoN Ki Rahguzarein
  48. Footpath Ke Farishtay
  49. Aadhe Safar Ki Poori Kahani

Short Story Collection

  1. Tilism E Khayal
  2. Nazaray
  3. Hawai Qilay
  4. Ghunghat Mein Gori Jalay
  5. Tootay Hue Taaray
  6. Zindagi Ke Mor Per
  7. Naghmay Ki Maut
  8. Purane Khuda
  9. Ann Daata
  10. Teeh Ghunday
  11. Hum Wahshi Hain
  12. Ajanta Se Aagay
  13. Ek Girja Ek Khandaq
  14. Samunder Door Hai
  15. Shikast Ke Baad
  16. Naye Ghulam
  17. Main Intezaar Karunga
  18. Mazaahiya Afsaanay
  19. Ek Rupiya Ek Phool
  20. Eucalyptus Ki Daali
  21. Hydrogen Bomb Ke Baad
  22. Naye Afsaanay
  23. Kaab Ka Kafan
  24. Dil Kisi Ka Dost Nahi
  25. Muskuraane Waaliyan
  26. Krishn Chander Ke Afsaanay
  27. Sapnon Ka Qaidi
  28. Miss Nainital
  29. DaswaaN Pul
  30. Gulshan Gulshan Dhundha Tujhko
  31. Aadhe Ghante Ka Khuda
  32. Uljhi Larki Kaalay Baal

Death and legacy[edit]

Chander married Salma Siddiqui. He died working at his desk in Mumbai on 8 March 1977. He had just started to write a satirical essay entitled Adab baray-e-Batakh (Literature for a duck), and wrote just one line Noorani ko bachpan hi sey paltoo janwaron ka shaukh tha. Kabootar, bandar, rang barangi chiriyaan… (since childhood Noorani was fond of pet animals such as pigeons, monkeys, multi-coloured birds…) but before he could complete the sentence he succumbed to a massive heart attack.

A Fountain Park in [Poonch] City of J&K(India) has been renamed to Krishan Chander Park Poonch in his memory. His statue has also been erected in the middle of the garden.

Krishan Chander Chopra had married twice. His first wife was Vidyawati Chopra. They had total three children from the wedlock. Two daughters and one son.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmed, Ishtiaq (February 4, 2014). "Centenary of Krishan Chander". Daily Times. 
  2. ^ Md Shahnawaz Khan Chandan (February 27, 2015). "Remembrance: The Humanist Author". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). 
  3. ^ Malik Ram (1977). Zia Fatehabadi – Shakhs Aur Shair (in Urdu). Delhi: Ilmi Majlis. pp. 116–117. 

External links[edit]