Krishan Kant

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Krishan Kant
Krishan Kant 2005 stamp of India.jpg
10th Vice President of India
In office
21 August 1997 – 27 July 2002
PresidentKocheril Raman Narayanan
Prime MinisterI. K. Gujral
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byKocheril Raman Narayanan
Succeeded byBhairon Singh Shekhawat
Governor of Tamil Nadu
In office
22 December 1996 – 25 January 1997
Chief MinisterMuthuvel Karunanidhi
Preceded byMarri Chenna Reddy
Succeeded byFatima Beevi
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
7 February 1990 – 21 August 1997
Chief MinisterMarri Chenna Reddy
Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
Nara Chandrababu Naidu
Preceded byKumudben Manishankar Joshi
Succeeded byG. Ramanujam
Personal details
Born(1927-02-28)28 February 1927
Punjab Province, British India
Died27 July 2002(2002-07-27) (aged 75)
New Delhi, India
NationalityIndian
Political partyJanata Dal (1988–2002)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (Before 1977)
Janata Party (1977–1988)
Spouse(s)Suman
ParentsAchint Ram
Satyavati Devi
Alma materBanaras Engineering College, Banaras Hindu University (now Indian Institute of Technology, BHU)[1]
ProfessionScientist
Signature

Krishan Kant (28 February 1927 – 27 July 2002) was the tenth Vice President of India from 1997 until his death. Previously, he was Governor of Andhra Pradesh from 1990 to 1997.

Early life[edit]

Kant was born on 28 February 1927 in a village in the Punjab Province of British India. His parents were independence activists Lala Achint Ram and Satyavati Devi.[2]

Kant completed his MSc (Technology) from erstwhile Banaras Engineering College, Banaras Hindu University (currently known as Indian Institute of Technology, BHU).[1]

Political career[edit]

Son of noted Congress politician and later parliamentarian, Lala Achint Ram, Kant's first brush with politics came when he plunged into the Quit India movement, while he was still a student in Lahore. He took part in the Indian Independence Movement as a youth and continued to be involved in politics, eventually being elected to Parliament of India. He was part of the "Young Turk" brigade of Indian National Congress party during the time of Indira Gandhi.

He held important official positions in the parliamentary and organisational wings of the Indian National Congress, the Janata Party and the Janata Dal. For many years, he was a member of the Executive Council of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses.[1]

Krishan Kant was the founding general secretary of the People's Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights, of which Jayprakash Narayan was the President in 1976. He was expelled from the Indian National Congress in 1975 for his opposition to the Emergency. He was later a member of Lok Sabha till 1980.[1] He was the chairman of Committee on Railway Reservations and Bookings from 1972 to 1976.

He with Madhu Limaye was also responsible for the collapse of the Morarji Desai government installed by that coalition, by insisting that no member of the Janata Party could be the member of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). This attack on dual membership was directed specifically at members of the Janata Party who had been members of the Jan Sangh, and continued to be members of the right-wing RSS, the Jan Sangh's ideological parent. The issue led to fall of Morarji Desai government in 1979, and the destruction of the Janata coalition[3]

A strong protagonist of India going nuclear, Krishan Kant was a member of the executive council of the Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis.[1]

Kant was appointed governor of Andhra Pradesh by the V.P. Singh government in 1989 and served in that position for seven years, becoming one of India's longest-serving governors. He stayed at that post till he was elevated as Vice-President of India.

He was elected vice-president by Parliament as the joint candidate of the Indian National Congress and United Front. He died in New Delhi aged 75 after suffering from a massive heart attack on 27 July 2002, a few weeks before he was to leave the office to lead a retired life. He is the only Indian Vice President to die in office. He was cremated with full state honours at Nigam Bodh Ghat in New Delhi on the banks of Yamuna on 28 July, in the presence of various VIPs. He is survived by his wife, two sons, a daughter and grandchildren. His mother Satyavati Devi, another freedom fighter, also outlived him, finally dying in 2010. A few days after his death, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat defeated Sushil Kumar Shinde to be elected as the successor to Krishna Kant as Vice President of India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Rajya Sabha". Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  2. ^ Khan, Kot Mohammed (2 August 1997). "Krishna Kant's home-villagers have great expectations of him". Rediff.com. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  3. ^ Rudolph, Lloyd I. and Rudolph, Susanne H. (1987) In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State. University of Chicago Press. pp 457–459. ISBN 9788125015512

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kumudben Manishankar Joshi
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
1990–1997
Succeeded by
G. Ramanujam
Preceded by
Marri Chenna Reddy
Governor of Tamil Nadu
1996–1997
Succeeded by
Fatima Beevi
Preceded by
K. R. Narayanan
Vice-President of India
1997–2002
Succeeded by
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat