Krishnagiri Dam

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Krishnagiri Dam
Krishnagiri Dam
Krishnagiri Dam
Krishnagiri Dam is located in Tamil Nadu
Krishnagiri Dam
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Official name Krishnagiri Reservoir Project Dam
Country India
Location Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu
Coordinates 12°29′37.44″N 78°10′41.51″E / 12.4937333°N 78.1781972°E / 12.4937333; 78.1781972Coordinates: 12°29′37.44″N 78°10′41.51″E / 12.4937333°N 78.1781972°E / 12.4937333; 78.1781972
Purpose Irrigation
Status Operational
Construction began 1955
Opening date 1958
Construction cost ₹15.9 million
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Ponniar River
Height (foundation) 29.26 m (96 ft)
Length 990.59 m (3,250 ft)
Spillways 8
Spillway type OGEE
Spillway capacity 4,061 m3/s (143,400 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Krishnagiri Reservoir
Total capacity 68.2 MCM
Catchment area 5,428.43 km2 (2,095.93 sq mi)

The Krishnagiri Dam is a dam that spans the Thenpennai River by the village of Dhuduganahalli, located in Krishnagiri district, Tamil Nadu, India. The Krishnagiri Dam is also known as Krishnagiri Reservoir Project (KRP) Dam. The KRP Dam is located 7 km (4.3 mi) from Krishnagiri, between Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri which irrigates thousands of acres of land around Krishnagiri.[1] The Dam is operational from 1958, inaugurated by the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu K. Kamaraj.[2]

History[edit]

The KRP Dam Project was proposed in the First Five Year Plans of India and started in the year 1955. The Dam works are completed in the Second Five Year Plans of India and is operational from 1958.[2] The project was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu K. Kamaraj. This is one of the Major irrigation schemes were planned in Kamaraj's period . The other projects are Lower Bhavani, Mani Muthuar , Cauvery delta , Aarani River, Vaigai Dam , Amravathi , Sathanur , Pullambadi, Parambikulam and Neyaru Dams.[3]

The approved cost of the project is ₹20.2 million. The project was completed within ₹15.9 million (Actual cost). The project is covered under CADA (Command Area Development Authority) Scheme.[2]

Dimensions[edit]

The KRP dam is 990.59 m long and Max Height of the dam is 29.26 meters above Foundation. Total Volume content of Dam is 509 TMC. The Spillway is ogee crest type and the crest level is 483.11 meters. The capacity of the Spillway is 4061 cu. meters with a designed flood capacity of 4233.33 Cu. meters. There are eight spillway gates of sixe 12.19 x 6.10 meters.[4]

The water level is at its maximum of 484.63 metres, for which the Full Reservoir Level is 483.11 metres. The catchment area for the Krishnagiri Reservoir is 5428.43Sq. km. The Gross Storage Capacity 68.2 MCM.

Tourist Attraction[edit]

Park
KRP Dam Park

The KRP Dam Park near the KRP Dam is developed and maintained by Tamil Nadu Public Works Department. This is a famous tourist spot. This dam is flooded with tourists during the weekends.[1]

The entry ticket for a person is ₹5. There is two wheeler and four wheeler parking facility available near the park.There are monkeys around the park. The park has children's play area, fountains, lawn and Jogger foot path. The KRP Dam and the park is suitable to visit throughout the year. This is open all days of the week.

Irrigation and Agriculture[edit]

The Krishnagiri Medium Irrigation Project is a medium major medium irrigation project in Tamil Nadu. Farmers in Periyamuthur, Sundekuppam, Thimmapuram, Souteaalli, Thalialli, Kalvealli, Kundalapatti, Mittaalli, Erraalli, Penneswaramadam, Kaveripattinam, Balekuli, Marichettihalli, Nagojanaalli, Janapparuralli and Paiyur would benefit.[5] The Culturable Command Area (CCA) as well as Ultimate Irrigation Potential of the Krishnagiri Medium Irrigation Project is 3.65 Th ha.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tourist Places-Krishnagiri District". www.krishnagiri.tn.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Krishnagiri Medium Irrigation Project JI02566 -". india-wris.nrsc.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  3. ^ "Perunthalaivar Kamaraj K " Industrial". www.perunthalaivar.org. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  4. ^ "Krishnagiri Dam D00957 -". india-wris.nrsc.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  5. ^ "Water released from KRP Dam to benefit 9,012 acres". The Hindu. 28 July 2015. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-08-02.