Kristi Noem

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Kristi Noem
Kristi L. Noem 113th Congress.jpg
Governor-elect of South Dakota
Assuming office
January 5, 2019
LieutenantLarry Rhoden (Elect)
SucceedingDennis Daugaard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byStephanie Herseth Sandlin
Succeeded byDusty Johnson (Elect)
Member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
from the 6th district
In office
January 9, 2007 – January 11, 2011
Preceded byArt Fryslie
Succeeded byBurt Tulson
Personal details
BornKristi Lynn Arnold
(1971-11-30) November 30, 1971 (age 46)
Watertown, South Dakota, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Bryon Noem (m. 1992)
EducationSouth Dakota State University (BA)

Kristi Lynn Noem (/nm/; née Arnold, November 30, 1971) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for South Dakota's at-large congressional district since 2011.[1] A member of the Republican Party,[2] she previously served in the South Dakota House of Representatives from 2007 to 2011. Noem successfully ran for the 2018 gubernatorial election and is the Governor-elect of South Dakota. Upon her accession to the governorship, she will be the first woman to hold the office.

Early life, education and farming career[edit]

Kristi Arnold was born to Ron and Corrine Arnold in Watertown, South Dakota and raised with her siblings on the family ranch and farm in rural Hamlin County.[3] She graduated from Hamlin High School in 1990, and won the South Dakota Snow Queen title. She credited the experience with helping her polish her public speaking and promotional skills.[4] After high school, she enrolled at Northern State University. She married Byron Noem at age 20.[5]

At age 22, Noem left college to help run her family's ranch after her father was killed in a farm machinery accident.[3][6] Noem said that upon her father's death, she and her family members decided to take out a loan to pay taxes owing on the estate, noting that "for 10 years that loan really impacted our ability to make a profit".[7] Over the years, Noem added a hunting lodge and restaurant to the property, and all of her siblings have moved back to assist in expanding the businesses.[3]

After her father's accident, Noem stopped attending college full-time but, over the years, took classes at the Watertown campus of Mount Marty College, and South Dakota State University.[3][4] After being elected to Congress, she continued her education, taking online courses and receiving credits for her work as a representative – leading the Washington Post to dub her Capitol Hill's "Most Powerful Intern."[8] She earned a B.A. from the Department of Political Science at South Dakota State University in December 2011.[9]

South Dakota House of Representatives[edit]


Noem entered political life by serving on local committees and boards.[7] In 2006, she won a seat in the South Dakota House of Representatives representing the 6th District (comprising parts of Beadle, Clark, Codington, Hamlin, and Kingsbury counties, but not including the city of Watertown). In 2006, she won with 39% of the vote.[10] In 2008, she won re-election to a second term, ranking first with 41% of the vote.[11]


Noem served for four years, from 2007 to 2010, and was an Assistant Majority Leader during her last year.[12][13]

According to the Daily Caller, Noem was noted for being a tough and knowledgeable state legislator. She publicly accused a state senator of a conflict of interest during a legislative hearing thus killing his effort to stop the construction of an Indian casino.[7] In 2009 and 2010 she sponsored bills to lower the age of compulsory education in South Dakota to 16, after it had been raised to 18 in 2008, arguing that requiring school attendance until age 18 has not been proven to improve graduation rates.[14] Supporters of the higher age argue that it increases graduation rates and provides motivation for students who would otherwise drop out.[15]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • State Affairs Committee
  • Taxation Committee[16]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



On June 8, 2010, Noem ran for South Dakota's at-large seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.[17] She won the Republican primary with a plurality of 42% of the vote against South Dakota Secretary of State Chris Nelson and State Representative Blake Curd.[18] According to Sabato's Crystal Ball blog, Noem's "victory over two A-list opponents" was impressive.[18] Her primary opponents endorsed her in the general election.[12]

Noem's opponent, incumbent Democratic U.S. Congresswoman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, emphasized her own record of independence from the Democratic caucus including her no votes on health care reform, the Wall Street bailouts, and the cap-and-trade energy bill. In response, Noem repeatedly highlighted Herseth Sandlin's vote for Nancy Pelosi as Speaker of the House. A Washington Post story on the race described Noem as "a made-for-Fox News star" and described her as a "mama grizzly" in the mold of former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin.[19] During the 2010 election cycle, Noem out-raised Herseth Sandlin $2.3 million to $2.1 million.[20][21] Of those totals, Noem received 84 percent of her cash from individual contributors while Herseth Sandlin received 56% from political action committees.[20][21] Mitt Romney's PAC made a donation to Noem's campaign, and Romney endorsed her.[22]

Gallup polls in June 2010 showed Republican candidates ahead of their Democratic counterparts due to dissatisfaction with President Barack Obama.[22] Polls conducted by Rasmussen Reports consistently gave a Noem a slight edge over Herseth Sandlin following the June GOP primary, with Noem pulling ahead 47 percent to 44 percent in early October.[23] Critics said the Rasmussen firm's surveying methods were erratic and tended to favor Republican candidates.[24] Noem defeated Herseth Sandlin 48%–46%.[25]


Noem won re-election to a second term, defeating Democrat Matthew Varilek 57%–43%.[26]


Noem won re-election to a third term, defeating Democrat Corinna Robinson 67%–33%.[27]


Noem won re-election to a fourth term, defeating Democrat Paula Hawks 64%–36%.[28]


Congresswoman Noem in 2011

Noem is the fourth woman to represent South Dakota in the U.S. Congress.[29]

Noem and fellow freshman U.S. Senator Tim Scott from South Carolina, were elected by acclamation of the 2011 House Republican 87-member freshman class to be liaisons to the House Republican leadership—making Noem the second woman member of House GOP leadership.[7][30] According to The Hill Noem's role was to push the leadership to make significant cuts to federal government spending and to help Speaker John Boehner manage the expectations of the freshman class.[31] In March 2011, Republican U.S. Representative Pete Sessions from Texas named Noem one of the twelve regional directors for the National Republican Congressional Committee during the 2012 election campaign.[3][32]

Human trafficking

Noem has promoted legislation to combat human trafficking and sexual slavery.[33][34] Noem is a co-sponsor of H.R.4058 in the 113th Congress Preventing Sex Trafficking and Improving Opportunities for Youth in Foster Care Act[34] and other U.S. House resolutions designed to end human trafficking.[34]

Health care

Noem fulfilled a campaign promise by voting in January 2011 to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act,[35][36] Though the repeal was not signed into law, she has stated that she will work with the House members to defund the health care reform, while retaining measures she supports such as[3] the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, the provision allowing parents to keep their children on their health insurance plan into their 20s and the high-risk pools.[37] New provisions that Noem wants to add to federal law include limits on medical malpractice lawsuits and allowing patients to buy health insurance plans from other states.[37] She supports cuts to Medicaid funding proposed by Republican Budget Committee chairman Paul Ryan that would reduce benefits for South Dakota Medicaid recipients by 55 percent.[38]

Spending and taxes

Noem calls the budget deficit one of the most important issues facing Congress, and is a cosponsor of H.J.Res. 2, which would require that total spending for any fiscal year not exceed total receipts.[39][40] She cites the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Veterans Affairs, Medicaid, high-speed rail projects, cap-and-trade technical assistance, and subsidies for the Washington Metro rapid transit system as examples of a federal programs where she would like to see spending cuts.[38][39][41][42]

She indicated that she would vote to raise the federal spending limit.[30] She wants to eliminate the estate tax,[43] lower the corporate tax rate, and simplify the tax code to make it less cumbersome.[3] She has also stated that she would not raise taxes to balance the budget.[44]

Social issues

Noem opposes abortion.[45] She has the support of Susan B. Anthony List.[46] She stated after her election that she hopes to maintain a 100 percent pro-life voting record.[43]

Energy and environment
U.S. Representative Noem (center) alongside fellow U.S. Representatives Donna Edwards and Sheila Jackson Lee at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial in May 2013

Noem has stated that the U.S. must end its dependence on foreign oil. To achieve that goal, Noem says Congress should encourage conservation of existing resources.[47] She supports continuing ethanol subsidies that benefit her state.[48] Noem opposes ending federal subsidies for oil companies.[38]

Noem supports the Keystone XL Pipeline and has promised to continue to work for its construction even though the U.S. Senate voted down legislation to advance the pipeline through the U.S. Congress.[49] Noem helped the House pass the legislation on November 14, 2014.[49]

Noem opposes a bill introduced by South Dakota Senator Tim Johnson that would designate over 48,000 acres (190 km2) of the Buffalo Gap National Grassland as protected wilderness.[50] Noem supports the current designation of the land as a national grassland.[51] She points out that the land is already managed as roadless areas similar to wilderness.[52] Noem argues that raising the land's designation from protected grassland to wilderness will further limit leaseholders access to the land and further imperil grazing rights.[51][52]

She supports off-shore oil drilling.[53] She co-sponsored three bills that she argues will reduce American dependence on foreign oil by ending the 2010 United States deepwater drilling moratorium in the Gulf of Mexico and re-opening sales on oil leases in the Gulf and off the coast of Virginia.[54]

In 2011, Noem sponsored a measure to block Environmental Protection Agency funding for tighter air pollution standards for coarse particulates.[55]

Foreign affairs

Noem supported the American military intervention in the 2011 Libyan civil war, but questioned whether America intervened to protect civilians, or whether the U.S. military would try to remove Libya's leader, Muammar Gaddafi.[56] In March 2011, Noem called on the President to provide more information about America's role in the conflict, characterizing his statements as vague and ambiguous.[56][57]


Since her election, Noem has raised 56 percent of donations from individuals and 44 percent from political action committees.[58] On March 8, 2011, Noem announced the formation of a leadership political action committee called KRISTI PAC.[59] Noem said she will use the PAC to pay expenses and support other Republican candidates. Former South Dakota Lieutenant Governor Steve Kirby is the treasurer of the PAC.[60][61][62]

Noem was among the top freshman Republicans in PAC fundraising in the first quarter of 2011, raising $169,000 from PACs and hosting at least 10 Washington fundraisers.[63] She has said she has no plans to join the House Tea Party Caucus.[64]

U.S. Representative Noem (far-left) and the House Ways and Means Committee meeting with President Donald Trump in September 2017

In August 2013, conservative Newsmax magazine named Noem among the "25 most influential women in the GOP".[65]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

2018 gubernatorial election[edit]

On November 14, 2016, she announced that she would not seek re-election to Congress but instead run for Governor of South Dakota in 2018.[70] She defeated incumbent South Dakota Attorney General Marty Jackley in the June 5th primary, winning by a margin of 56% to 44%.[71][72] Noem defeated Democratic challenger, Billie Sutton in the general election.

Political stances[edit]

Immigrants and refugees[edit]

Noem supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order that suspended the U.S. refugee program for 120 days and banned all travel to the U.S. by nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries for 90 days.[73] Noem said that she supported a temporary ban on accepting refugees from "terrorist-held" areas,[74] but "did not address whether she supports other aspects of the order, which led to the detention of legal U.S. residents such as green-card holders and people with dual citizenship as they reentered the country" in the aftermath of the order's issuance.[73]


In 2017, Noem was part of the conference committee for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. She worked closely with Ivanka Trump to preserve the Child Care Credit and was influential in finalizing the home mortgage interest deduction, the Adoption tax Credit, continuing credit for charitable contributions, and retaining popular retirement savings options. Noem was a steady advocate for fully repealing the estate tax. While the final bill did not include a full repeal, it doubled exemption levels and maintained the stepped-up basis, which she says provides some relief for South Dakota farmers and ranchers.

In 2018, Kristi Noem, a member of the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee, was reported to have "pitched the idea to members of the conservative House Freedom Caucus" to attach her online sales tax bill to the government funding package at the time, as part of an omnibus. A court case under consideration in the South Dakota Supreme Court involved requiring "certain out-of-state retailers to collect its sales taxes." Noem considers that South Dakota businesses (and by extension businesses nationwide) "could be forced to comply with 1,000 different tax structures nationwide without the tools necessary to do so", adding that her legislation "provides a necessary fix."[75]

Electoral history[edit]

Kristi Noem electoral history
2018 Republican primary election – South Dakota Governor[71]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 57,437 56.0
Republican Marty Jackley 45,069 44.0
Total votes 102,506 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 237,163 64.10
Democratic Paula Hawks 132,810 35.90
Total votes 369,973 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2014[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 183,834 67
Democratic Corinna Robinson 92,485 33
Total votes 276,319 100
South Dakota's At-large congressional district election, 2012[76]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem (Incumbent) 207,640 57
Democratic Matt Varilek 153,789 43
Total votes 361,429 100
Republican hold
2010 General election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 153,703 48
Democratic Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 146,589 46
Independent B. Thomas Marking 19,134 6
Total votes 319,426 100
Republican gain from Democratic
2010 Republican primary election – At Large Congressional District of South Dakota[77]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Kristi Noem 34,527 42
Republican Chris Nelson 28,380 35
Republican Blake Curd 19,134 23
Total votes 82,041 100

Personal life[edit]

Noem lives with her husband and their three children on the Racota Valley Ranch near Castlewood.[78] As of 2009, she had a 16.9 percent ownership stake in the ranch.[79] Her recreational interests include hunting.[80]

From 1989 to 2010, Noem received 27 traffic citations, including 20 for speeding[81] and other violations. Noem said, "I'm not proud of my driving record, but [I've] been working hard to be a better example to young kids and young drivers out there."[82] She had paid her fines and penalties by August 2010.[81]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Noem, Kristi (1971–)". Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  2. ^ Parkinson, John (November 18, 2010). "House GOP's New Majority Leadership Team Unveiled". The Note. ABC News. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Miller, Emily (February 14, 2011). "Rep. Kristi Noem: Head of the Class". Human Events. Eagle Publishing. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  4. ^ a b Jeff Bahr (February 3, 2011). "Snow Queen title meant opportunity for Noem". Aberdeen News. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  5. ^ Hayworth, Bret. "Kristi Noem a 'fit for the times' as she takes office". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved 2018-09-18.
  6. ^ Woster, Kevin. Noem ad: poignant or political? Rapid City Journal. May 9, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d Strong, Jonathan (February 14, 2011). "Cowgirl Kristi Noem ropes in Capitol Hill: A Washington love story". The Daily Caller. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  8. ^ Heil, Emily (January 19, 2012). "Kristy Noem: Capitol Hill's most powerful intern". The Washington Post. Washington DC: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  9. ^ Min Kim, Seung (May 7, 2012). "Rep. Kristi Noem earns her bachelor's degree". Politico.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns – SD State House 06 Race – Nov 07, 2006".
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns – SD State House 06 Race – Nov 04, 2008".
  12. ^ a b Ellis, Jonathan. U.S. House: State Rep. Kristi Noem to face Herseth Sandlin in historic clash, Political newcomer beats odds, Argus Leader, June 9, 2010.
  13. ^ "Kristi Noem". South Dakota Legislature Historical Listing. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
  14. ^ "Committee stops effort to lower grad age". Associated School Boards of South Dakota. February 25, 2010. Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
  15. ^ Cook, Andrea (May 23, 2010). "Schools step in to rescue dropouts". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 2011-04-04.
  16. ^ "Kristi Noem".
  17. ^ "Noem Wins South Dakota's GOP Primary for U.S. House Seat". Fox News.
  18. ^ a b Wood, Issac (June 10, 2010). "House Primary Update". Sabato's Crystal Ball.
  19. ^ Philip Rucker (August 23, 2010). "In South Dakota, Democrats' own 'mama grizzly' vs. 'the next Sarah Palin'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Montgomery, David (March 20, 2011). "Money go-round". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 2011-06-09.
  21. ^ a b "Total Raised and Spent 2010 Race: South Dakota District 01". Center for Responsive Politics. March 24, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
  22. ^ a b Cillizza, Chris (July 1, 2010). "Independents move toward Republicans, away from Obama". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  23. ^ "Election 2010: South Dakota House of Representatives: Noem (R) Takes Slightly Larger Lead Over Herseth-Sandlin (D)". Rasmussen Reports. October 22, 2010. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  24. ^ Woster, Kevin (July 9, 2010). "Poll: Herseth Sandlin gains back ground, but Noem still leads in House race". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
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  27. ^ a b "OFFICIAL RESULTS: General Election – November 4, 2014". South Dakota Secretary of State. Pierre, South Dakota. November 4, 2014.
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  29. ^ Ellis, Jonathan (January 6, 2015). "All GOP delegation first since 1962". Argus Leader. Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  30. ^ a b O'Brien, Michael (November 17, 2010). "House elects Reps Noem, Scott to leadership". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
  31. ^ Bolton, Alexander (January 1, 2011). "A new order: House power players to watch in the 112th Congress". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved 2011-03-13. Noem and Scott ... will give the freshman class a voice in GOP leadership meetings and will press their leaders to take immediate steps to cut government spending significantly. Boehner and other House leaders will also rely on Noem and Scott to manage the expectations of the freshman class.
  32. ^ Brady, Jessica (March 2, 2011). "NRCC Expanding Regional Team in 2012 Noem, Pompeo Among Members With Regions". Roll Call. CQ-Roll Call, Inc. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  33. ^ Noem Hosts Summit Against Sex Trafficking, Keloland TV, February 24, 2014.
  34. ^ a b c Press Release. Noem Offers Remarks on Human Trafficking at Congressional Hearing, Kristi Noem Congressional website, February 26, 2014.
  35. ^ Herszenhorn, David M.; Robert Pear (January 19, 2011). "House Votes for Repeal of Health Law in Symbolic Act". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
  36. ^ GOP House candidate wants to stop Democrat plans Archived March 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Associated Press, June 25, 2010.
  37. ^ a b Montgomery, David (January 20, 2011). "Noem, Republicans say replacement health care proposals on the way". Rapid City Journal. Lee Enterprises. Retrieved 2011-03-13.
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  40. ^ "40 Under 40". Time. October 26, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
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  42. ^ Montgomery, David (April 17, 2011). "Noem pitches need for budget cuts to veterans". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 2011-04-18.
  43. ^ a b Bendavid, Naftali (November 18, 2010). "GOP Elevates Some New Faces". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones. Retrieved 2010-11-19.
  44. ^ King, Ledyard (March 10, 2011). "Balanced budget push renewed in D.C." Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Gannett. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  45. ^ Woster, Kevin. Long after abortion wars, resentment toward Chris Nelson lingers, Rapid City Journal, March 1, 2010.
  46. ^ Hollingsworth, Barbara. "Pro-life women take political center stage"[dead link], San Francisco Examiner, June 15, 2010
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  48. ^ "New South Dakota Congresswoman Says Ethanol Subsidy Good for Recovery". Retrieved 2010-12-11.
  49. ^ a b Larsen, Kevin (November 18, 2014). "Noem To Continue Fight For Keystone XL". AM 610 KCSR. Chadron, Nebraska. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  50. ^ Woster, Kevin (September 9, 2010). "Noem continues assault on Johnson wilderness plan". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  51. ^ a b Woster, Kevin (March 20, 2011). "Rough road ahead in Congress for Johnson wilderness plan". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 2011-03-20. Noem made opposition to Johnson’s wilderness plan one of her prominent campaign points last year in her race against incumbent Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, a Democrat.
  52. ^ a b Ellis, Jonathan (October 9, 2010). "Kristi Noem's stance on Buffalo Gap draws ire from unexpected source". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Gannett. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2011. Noem ... said Thursday the current management system preserves the land without threatening leaseholder options.
  53. ^ "Noem seeks off-shore oil drilling". Rapid City Journal. April 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
  54. ^ "Noem wants to expand offshore energy production". Black Hills FOX. March 31, 2011. Archived from the original on October 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-05. The bills would end the Obama administration's moratorium on drilling in the Gulf of Mexico and require the re-opening of sales on oil leases in the Gulf and off the coast of Virginia.
  55. ^ Sue Sturgis, House votes to halt strict coal ash rules, but fight will continue in Senate, Facing South (Institute for Southern Studies) (February 21, 2011).
  56. ^ a b Montgomery, David (March 24, 2010). "Thune, Noem want answers on Libya". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
  57. ^ Wischmeyer, Beth (March 29, 2011), "Reaction to speech splits along party lines", Sioux Falls Argus Leader, archived from the original on January 17, 2013, retrieved March 29, 2011
  58. ^ "Noem raises money for campaign at record pace". Rapid City Journal. April 12, 2011.
  59. ^ A backronym based on "Keeping Republican Ideas Strong, Timely and Inventive"
  60. ^ Journal Staff (March 8, 2011). "Noem starts leadership PAC". Rapid City Journal. Lee Enterprises. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  61. ^ Willis, Derek (March 8, 2011). "G.O.P. Freshmen Forming Leadership PACs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  62. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (March 15, 2011). "Freshmen enroll in PACs 101". POLITICO. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  63. ^ T.W. Farnam (April 20, 2011). "The Influence Industry: New Republicans play an old fundraising game". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  64. ^ Ledyard King (April 25, 2011). "Kristi Noem finds patches of middle ground". Sioux Falls Argus Leader. Retrieved April 25, 2011.[dead link]
  65. ^ Meyers, Jim. "Newsmax Exclusive: The 25 Influential Women of the GOP". Retrieved 8 January 2014.
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  68. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  69. ^ "Members". Congressional Western Caucus. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  70. ^ Politico Staff (November 14, 2016). "Rep. Kristi Noem to run for South Dakota governor". Politico. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  71. ^ a b State of South Dakota Secretary of State Official Election Results, June 5, 2018.
  72. ^ Rep. Kristi Noem wins South Dakota GOP governor primary, FOX News, June 6, 2018.
  73. ^ a b Dana Ferguson, Rep. Noem supports suspending U.S. refugee program, Argus Leader (January 29, 2017).
  74. ^ Blake, Aaron (January 31, 2017). "Whip Count: Here's where Republicans stand on Trump's controversial travel ban". Washington Post.
  75. ^ WONG, SCOTT; JAGODA, NAOMI. "Rep. Kristi Noem pushing for online sales tax bill in omnibus". The Hill. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  76. ^ "Secretary of State – Statewide Races". South Dakota Secretary of State. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
  77. ^ South Dakota Secretary of State. Pierre, South Dakota: June 8, 2010. 2010 South Dakota Official Primary Election Results. Archived September 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  78. ^ Click Rain, Inc. "Kristi Noem for Congress". Kristi for Congress. Archived from the original on April 8, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
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  80. ^ "The Freshman Class in Washington", The Wall Street Journal, November 4, 2010.
  81. ^ a b Woster, Kevin (September 5, 2010). "Noem apologizes for traffic citations". Rapid City Journal. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
  82. ^ Jorgensen, Don (April 30, 2012). "Kristi Noem: No Recent Traffic Violations". Keloland Television.

Other references[edit]

External links[edit]

South Dakota House of Representatives
Preceded by
Art Fryslie
Member of the South Dakota House of Representatives
from the 6th district

Served alongside: Paul Nelson, Brock Greenfield
Succeeded by
Burt Tulson
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Dakota's at-large congressional district

Preceded by
Jaime Herrera Beutler
Chair of the Congressional Women's Caucus
Succeeded by
Susan Brooks
Party political offices
Preceded by
Dennis Daugaard
Republican nominee for Governor of South Dakota
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Dennis Daugaard
Governor of South Dakota

Taking office 2019
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
David McKinley
United States Representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Steven Palazzo