Kristiansand Cathedral

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Kristiansand Cathedral
Kristiansand domkirke
Kristiansand domkirke i den blå timen.jpg
View of the cathedral
Kristiansand Cathedral is located in Vest-Agder
Kristiansand Cathedral
Kristiansand Cathedral
Location in of the church
Kristiansand Cathedral is located in Norway
Kristiansand Cathedral
Kristiansand Cathedral
Location in of the church
58°08′46″N 7°59′41″E / 58.1461°N 07.9947°E / 58.1461; 07.9947Coordinates: 58°08′46″N 7°59′41″E / 58.1461°N 07.9947°E / 58.1461; 07.9947
Location Kristiansand, Vest-Agder
Country Norway
Denomination Church of Norway
Churchmanship Evangelical Lutheran
Website www.kristiansanddomkirke.no
History
Former name(s) Trinity Church,
Our Saviors Church
Consecrated 18 Mar 1885
Architecture
Status Cathedral
Functional status Active
Architect(s) Henrik Thrap-Meyer
Style Neo Gothic, Cruciform
Completed 1 Feb 1885
Specifications
Capacity 1,000
Materials Brick, cement
Administration
Parish Kristiansand domkirken
Deanery Kristiansand prosti
Diocese Agder og Telemark

Kristiansand Cathedral (Norwegian: Kristiansand domkirke) is a cathedral in Kristiansand municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the Kvadraturen area in the central part of the city of Kristiansand. The church is the main church for the Kristiansand domkirken parish and it is the seat of the Kristiansand arch-deanery within the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The cathedral is also the seat of the Bishop of Agder and Telemark. The brick church was completed in 1885 and it is one of the largest cathedrals in Norway. This cathedral is the fourth church and third cathedral to be located on this site over the centuries.[1][2][3]

Overview[edit]

Kristiansand Cathedral is a Neo-Gothic church built of brick and cement. The church is of cruciform plan with 1750 seats. The church was designed by the architect Henrik Thrap-Meyer and construction began in 1880 and it was completed on 1 February 1885. The church was consecrated on 18 March 1885 by the provost Johan M. Brun who was serving as acting bishop.[3][4]

The cathedral is 60 metres (200 ft) long and 38.7 metres (127 ft) wide. The steeple is 70 metres (230 ft) in height. Originally the cathedral had 2,029 seats and room for an additional 1,216 people to stand, but seating has now been reduced so the building can comfortably seat about 1,000. To re-use the walls of the previous cathedral, which burned down in 1880, the altar was positioned at the west end, rather than in the traditional position in the east.[3]

History[edit]

The cathedral is in the same location as three previous buildings. The first, called Trefoldigetskirken (Trinity Church), was built in 1645 and it was a small wooden church. When Kristiansand was appointed the seat of the diocese in 1682, construction began on the town's first cathedral, called Vår Frue Kirke (Our Savior's Church). That first cathedral, built in stone, was consecrated in 1696, but burned down in 1734. The second cathedral, consecrated in 1738, was destroyed by a fire that affected the whole city, on 18 December 1880. When the 1940 Nazi attack on Kristiansand took place early in the morning of 9 April 1940, the 70-metre (230 ft) tall cathedral tower was hit by an artillery shell, which damaged the upper part.[5][6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kristiansand domkirke". Kirkesøk: Kirkebyggdatabasen. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  2. ^ "Oversikt over Nåværende Kirker" (in Norwegian). KirkeKonsulenten.no. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  3. ^ a b c "Kirkebygget" (in Norwegian). Kristiansand kirkelige fellesråd. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  4. ^ Norsk biografisk leksikon. Indahl, Trond, ed. "Henrik Thrap-Meyer" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  5. ^ Jensen, Flemming. "Domkirkens historie" (in Norwegian). AgderKultur.no. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 
  6. ^ "Kristiansand domkirke Kirkerommet" (in Norwegian). Vest-Agder Fylkesmuseum. Retrieved 2017-01-29. 

External links[edit]