View of the cathedral
|Denomination||Church of Norway|
|Former name(s)||Trinity Church,
Our Saviors Church
|Consecrated||18 Mar 1885|
|Style||Neo Gothic, Cruciform|
|Completed||1 Feb 1885|
|Diocese||Agder og Telemark|
Kristiansand Cathedral (Norwegian: Kristiansand domkirke) is a cathedral in Kristiansand municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the Kvadraturen area in the central part of the city of Kristiansand. The church is the main church for the Kristiansand domkirken parish and it is the seat of the Kristiansand arch-deanery within the Diocese of Agder og Telemark. The cathedral is also the seat of the Bishop of Agder and Telemark. The brick church was completed in 1885 and it is one of the largest cathedrals in Norway. This cathedral is the fourth church and third cathedral to be located on this site over the centuries.
Kristiansand Cathedral is a Neo-Gothic church built of brick and cement. The church is of cruciform plan with 1750 seats. The church was designed by the architect Henrik Thrap-Meyer and construction began in 1880 and it was completed on 1 February 1885. The church was consecrated on 18 March 1885 by the provost Johan M. Brun who was serving as acting bishop.
The cathedral is 60 metres (200 ft) long and 38.7 metres (127 ft) wide. The steeple is 70 metres (230 ft) in height. Originally the cathedral had 2,029 seats and room for an additional 1,216 people to stand, but seating has now been reduced so the building can comfortably seat about 1,000. To re-use the walls of the previous cathedral, which burned down in 1880, the altar was positioned at the west end, rather than in the traditional position in the east.
The cathedral is in the same location as three previous buildings. The first, called Trefoldigetskirken (Trinity Church), was built in 1645 and it was a small wooden church. When Kristiansand was appointed the seat of the diocese in 1682, construction began on the town's first cathedral, called Vår Frue Kirke (Our Savior's Church). That first cathedral, built in stone, was consecrated in 1696, but burned down in 1734. The second cathedral, consecrated in 1738, was destroyed by a fire that affected the whole city, on 18 December 1880. When the 1940 Nazi attack on Kristiansand took place early in the morning of 9 April 1940, the 70-metre (230 ft) tall cathedral tower was hit by an artillery shell, which damaged the upper part.
Kristiansand Cathedral, built 1738, burned 1890 (Image:Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage)
- "Kristiansand domkirke". Kirkesøk: Kirkebyggdatabasen. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Oversikt over Nåværende Kirker" (in Norwegian). KirkeKonsulenten.no. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Kirkebygget" (in Norwegian). Kristiansand kirkelige fellesråd. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Norsk biografisk leksikon. Indahl, Trond, ed. "Henrik Thrap-Meyer" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Jensen, Flemming. "Domkirkens historie" (in Norwegian). AgderKultur.no. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- "Kristiansand domkirke Kirkerommet" (in Norwegian). Vest-Agder Fylkesmuseum. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kristiansand domkirke.|
- Official website (Norwegian)
- Official website (English)
- Virtual Interior Kristiansand Cathedral, 360° Panorama
- View from the Church Tower VIDEO