Kristiansand Region

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Kristiansand Region
Kristiansandsregionen
Metropolitan Region (Metro)
Kristiansandregionen marked in yellow in a map of Southern Norway.
Kristiansandregionen marked in yellow in a map of Southern Norway.
Coordinates: 58°36′N 7°48′E / 58.6°N 7.8°E / 58.6; 7.8Coordinates: 58°36′N 7°48′E / 58.6°N 7.8°E / 58.6; 7.8
Country Norway
Capital Kristiansand
Counties (fylker) Aust-Agder
Vest-Agder
Area
 • Total 16,434 km2 (6,345 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 155,648
 • Density 9.5/km2 (25/sq mi)

Kristiansand Region (Norwegian: Kristiansandregionen) is a statistical metropolitan region in the counties of Vest-Agder (population: 137,527) and Aust-Agder (population: 14,442) in southern Norway. It is centered on the city of Kristiansand. The region consist of 6 municipalities in the centre of Southern Norway. Vennesla, Songdalen, and Birkenes are inland municipalities while Kristiansand, Søgne, and Lillesand are coastal municipalities. Kristiansand is the largest municipality in population in the region and Birkeland is the largest in area.[1]

Municipalities[edit]

Nr Municipality Map Coat of arms Adm. center Population[2] Area
km²[3]
Language County
1001 Kristiansand
Kristiansand kommune
Kristiansand kommune
Kristiansand 90,000 276.51 Bokmål Vest-Agder
1014 Vennesla
Vennesla kommune
Vennesla kommune
Vennesla 15,000 384.48 Neutral Vest-Agder
1017 Songdalen
Songdalen kommune
Songdalen kommune
Nodeland 6,000 215.94 Neutral Vest-Agder
1018 Søgne
Søgne kommune
Søgne kommune
Tangvall 11,000 151.26 Bokmål Vest-Agder
0926 Lillesand
Lillesand kommune
Lillesand kommune
Lillesand 10,000 190.41 Bokmål Aust-Agder
0928 Birkenes
Birkenes kommune
Birkenes kommune
Birkeland 4,000 674.20 Neutral Aust-Agder

Geography[edit]

The Kristiansand region lies along the southern coast of Norway, centered around the city of Kristiansand. The region borders the Lindesnes Regionen to the west (the administrative centre is Mandal), the region of Setesdal to the northwest (with Evje as the administrative centre), and Østre Agder to the northeast (with Arendal as the administrative centre).

Urban areas[edit]

Tangvall, the administrative centre in Søgne

The city of Kristiansand is the main urban area for the Kristiansand region. The borough Kvadraturen is the city downtown centrum and administrative centre for Kristiansand municipality. The borough has a population of 5,750 and is the least populated borough in Kristiansand. Vest-Agder County's government building is also located in Kristiansand.

Other larger urban areas in the region include the village of Vennesla which is the administrative centre of Vennesla municipality, and it has a population of nearly 13,000. Nodeland is the administrative centre for Songdalen municipality, and it has a population of about 3,500. Søgne municipality's administrative centre is Tangvall (also referred to as Søgne). Tangvall is located right next to the European route E39 highway. It has nearly 10,000 residents. Lillesand municipality's administrative centre is the town of Lillesand which has a population of about 7,500. Birkeland, the administrative centre of Birkenes municipality, has a population of almost 3,000.

Cities and towns[edit]

Kristiansand

Cities and towns in Norway are designated with this special status by the government. City status in Norway has no special benefits anymore, but historically it did. Cities and towns in Norway are called byer. Other urban areas without that status are called tettsteder which roughly translates as village in English. Kristiansand and Lillesand are the only cities/towns in the region.[1]

Villages and suburbs[edit]

Nodelandsheia in Songdalen

Some of the larger villages and suburban areas in the region include Hægeland and Skarpengland in Vennesla; Finsland, Brennåsen, Volleberg, and Nodeland in Songdalen; and Engesland, Herefoss, Oggevatn, and Vegusdal in Birkenes. Søgne municipality has Vedderheia, Høllen, Åros, and Langenes. Lillesand has the village areas of Kroksteinåsen, Borkedalen, and Møglestu.

Kristiansand municipality has larger suburban areas in some part-boroughs of the boroughs, like in Vågsbygd has larger suburban areas like Voiebyen, Slettheitoppen in Slettheia, Åsane and the island Flekkerøy. Grim has one large suburban area: Hellemyr. Mosby and Strai is smaller suburbs farer away from the city. At Lund, Gimlekollen and Justvik is the larger suburban areas while Gimlevang, Sødal, Hamreheia and Kuholmen is smaller suburbs in the Lund borough. And in Oddernes is Hånes, Søm and Hamresanden, Brattvollshei at Tveit, Tømmerstø, Dvergsnes, Odderhei and Holte at Randesund.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The only publicly open airport in the region is Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik, it had about 1 million travelers in 2014.

Railroads[edit]

There are three open train stations in the region; Kristiansand Station, Vennesla Station, and Nodeland Station which all operate on the Sørlandsbanen railway. Nodeland Station gets trains from Stavanger Station to Kristiansand which at selective hours continues to Oslo Central Station. Vennesla Station gets train traffic from Oslo to Kristiansand which at selective hours continues to Stavanger.

Roads[edit]

E18 in Kristiansand with the exit to Vennesla

The European route E18 highway is the main road for eastern Kristiansand and Lillesand, it is highway from Kristiansand, through Lillesand towards Arendal. It has four lanes to Grimstad and two lanes from Grimstad to Arendal. E18 continues through Aust-Agder and on to Oslo. The European route E39 highway is the main road for western Kristiansand, lower Songdalen, and Søgne. It is highway from downtown Kristiansand to Hellemyr, and from Brennåsen in Songdalen, to Tangvall in Søgne. E39 continues through Vest-Agder and on to Stavanger.

Norwegian National Road 9 is a national road from downtown Kristiansand through Vennesla municipality and the villages of Øvrebø and Hægeland. The road continues north to Evje and the Setesdalen valley. Norwegian National Road 41 is a national road from Timeneskrysset in Kristiansand through Tveit and on through the municipality Birkenes.

Norwegian County Road 461 is the main road from E39 to Nodeland and through Songdalen municipality. Norwegian County Road 405 is the main road from R9 to the town Vennesla. Norwegian County Road 454 is the main road from R9 to Øvrebø. Norwegian National Road 456 is the main road from E39 through Tangvall and Langenes in Søgne, it continues through the borough of Vågsbygd and ends with a highway tunnel from Vågsbygd to Hannevika where it meets E39 again. Norwegian County Road 402 goes from E18 in Lillesand to Birkeland.

Education[edit]

In the region, there are high schools in Kristiansand, Lillesand, Søgne, Vennesla, and Øvrebø. In Kristiansand, there is also a cathedral high school. The University of Agder is located in Kristiansand. There are also folk high schools such as the Agder Folkehøgskole in Søgne and NLA Mediehøgskolen Gimlekollen in Kristiansand.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Vest-Agder fylkeskommune". vaf.no. Retrieved 2015-12-05. 
  2. ^ "Kvartalsvise befolkningsendringer" (in Norwegian). Statistisk Sentralbyrå. 2014-01-14. 
  3. ^ "Arealstatistikk for Norge" (PDF). Statens kartverk. 2014. 
  4. ^ "Kristiansand Kommune". 2015. 

External links[edit]