A Burevestnik-class frigate in Sevastopol Bay, 2009.
|Name:||Krivak class (Project 1135)|
|Preceded by:||Riga class|
|Completed:||40 (32 Burevestnik and Burevestnik M plus 8 Nerey)|
|Cancelled:||1 (Nerey subclass)|
|Displacement:||3,300 tons standard, 3,575 tons full load|
|Length:||405.3 ft (123.5 m)|
|Beam:||46.3 ft (14.1 m)|
|Draught:||15.1 ft (4.6 m)|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Range:||4,995 nmi (9,251 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)|
|Start suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RL, 2 towed decoys|
|Aircraft carried:||Ka-27 on Krivak III only|
The Project 1135 Burevestnik (Storm Petrel) class were a series of frigates built for the Soviet Navy. These ships are commonly known by their NATO reporting class name of Krivak and are divided into Krivak I, Krivak II (both navy), and Krivak III (coast guard) classes.
These ships were designed as a successor to the Riga class. The design started in the late 1950s and matured as an anti-submarine ship in the 1960s. A total of 40 ships were built, 32 ships for the Soviet Navy (Russian Navy) and 8 modified ships of Nerey (Krivak III) subclass for the KGB Maritime Border Guard. Currently 7 of Nerey subclass are in FSB Coast Guard and one is part of Ukrainian Navy.
The ship's unique features—the bow missile box, the stack and the angled mast, earned it a rap-like nickname among U. S. sailors that comes from their foreign ship silhouette identification training — "Hot dog pack, Smokestack, Guns in Back — Krivak."
How many ships remain in active duty is uncertain. According to some sources Russia has four units in service and the Ukrainian Navy, one. Russian press listed three units operational in February 2008, one with the Baltic Fleet and two with the Black Sea Fleet (BSF).
On 12 October 2010, it was announced that the Yantar Yard at Kaliningrad on the Baltic Sea had won a contract to construct three new warships for the Russian Navy. The construction of the frigates for the Russian Navy will be carried out in parallel with the construction of the same-type frigates for the Indian Navy.
- Project 1135, Burevestnik (21 ships): Design process started in 1956 as an anti-surface frigate successor to the Riga-class frigate. The role changed to an anti-submarine ship powered by gas turbines and armed with the SS-N-14 missile. The main building yards were Zhdanov Yard (now known as Northern Shipyard) (Leningrad), Yantar Yard (Kaliningrad) and Kamysh Burun Yard, (Kerch, Crimea). NATO referred to these ships as Krivak I class.
- Project 1135 M, Burevestnik M (11 ships): This group of ships were fitted with single 100 mm guns instead of the twin 76 mm weapons of the Burevestnik design. They also had a redesigned Variable Depth Sonar (VDS) installation. All of these ships were built in Kaliningrad. NATO referred to these ships as Krivak II class.
- Project 1135.1 Nerei (Nereus) (8 ships): These ships lacked the SS-N-14 missile system, which was replaced by a helicopter and hangar, and only one 100 mm gun at the bow of the ship. All of these ships were built at the Zaliv Works in Kerch. These ships were built for and operated by the KGB Maritime Border Guard. NATO referred to these ships as Krivak III class.
- Project 1135.2: This was a modernisation of the Burevestnik ships Leningradski Komsomolets (renamed Legkiy in 1992), Letuchiy, Pylkiy and Zharkiy of the Krivak I group. The refit involved replacing the RBU-6000 anti-submarine mortars with SS-N-25 anti-ship missiles, new radar, sonar and ECM equipment. These ships completed their refits in 1990-92, and others were to have been modernised but the programme was cancelled with the collapse of the Soviet Union. NATO referred to these ships after their modernisation as Krivak IV class.
- Talwar class: this is an advanced derivative built for the Indian Navy from 1999 to 2012. It could have been called Krivak IV.
- Admiral Grigorovich class (also known as project 11356 (or 1135.6)): This is expected to be completed in similar configuration as the Talwar class. Six ships were ordered for the Black Sea Fleet, with the first one laid down on 18 December 2010; four more have been laid down, with the sixth currently planned. These ships could have been called the Krivak V class.
Burevestnik (or Krivak I)
|Name||Meaning of name||Builder||Launched||Commissioned||Notes|
|28 March 1970||31 December 1970|
|15 April 1971||31 December 1971|
|1972||30 Dec 1973||This ship was involved in a mutiny in 1975, which inspired the novel The Hunt for Red October.|
|20 July 1973||30 September 1974|
|22 July 1974||30 December 1974||Stricken in Aug 1992|
|30 Sept 1975||Currently on the Moscow River in northwest Moscow, intended to become a floating museum but work not started|
|1973||Collided with USS Yorktown (CG-48) in February 1988 in the "Black Sea bumping incident"|
|1980||Active as of 2015|
|10 Jan 1982||Transferred to Vladivostok 25 Nov 1994 as a training base|
|26 June 1976|
|28 Dec 1976|
|1976||29 Sept 1977||Renamed Legkiy (Light) in 1992|
|10 Aug 1978|
|28 Dec 1978||Active as of 2015|
|5 Sept 1979|
Burevestnik M (or Krivak II)
- Bessmennyy (Unchanging, 1979)
- Gordelivy (Proud, 1979)
- Gromkiy (Loud, 1979)
- Grozyashchiy (Threatening, 1977)
- Neukrotimyy (Untamable/Indomitable, 1978) — damaged by pyrotechnic mine during St. Petersburg Navy Day rehearsal July 2005, broken up.
- Pytlivyy (Keen, 1982), active in Feb 2008
- Razitelnyy (Striking, 1977)
- Revnostnyy (Zealous, 1980)
- Rezkiy (Sharp, 1976)
- Rezvyy (Frisky, 1975)
- Ryanyy (Spirited, 1980)
Nerey (or Krivak III)
All ships were built in Kerch. All ships were intended for the Soviet border guard. Seven ships are operated by the Russian Maritime Border Guard (2008)
- Menzhinskiy (1984)—named after Vyacheslav Menzhinsky an OGPU chairman in the 1930s
- Dzerzhinskiy (1985)—named after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky the founder of the KGB
- Oryol (formerly Imeni XXVII syezda KPSS, 1987)—renamed after the city of Orel
- Anadyr (formerly Imeni 70-Letiya Pogranichnykh, commemorating 70 years of the USSR Border Troops, 1988) renamed after the Anadyr Peninsula - to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (7th independent Maritime Border Guard Brigade); decommissioned 24.4.02
- Pskov (formerly Imeni LXX Letiya VChk-KGB, 1988)—renamed after the city of Pskov
- Kedrov (1989) to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (7th independent Maritime Border Guard Brigade); decommissioned 24 April 2002
- Vorovskiy (1990) to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (7th independent Maritime Border Guard Brigade)
Operated by the Ukrainian Navy
- Hetman Sahaydachniy: built for the Ukrainian Navy after the collapse of the Soviet Union, named after Petro Konashevych, a 17th-century Ukrainian Cossack leader
- A second Ukrainian ship to be named Hetman Bayda Vyshnevetsky was cancelled. Planned as Krasny Vympel, August 1992 renamed, laid down on 27 December 1992. Cancelled 1995.
Three improved Nerei frigates were ordered by the Indian Navy on 17 November 1997. They are known as Talwar-class frigates in Indian naval service. Three more, armed with the Brahmos missile, were ordered on 14 July 2006.
- INS Talwar (F40) (18-06-2003)
- INS Trishul (F43) (25-06-2003)
- INS Tabar (F44) (19-04-2004)
- INS Teg (F45) (27-04-2012)
- INS Tarkash (F50) (09-11-2012)
- INS Trikand (F51) (29-06-2013)
Project 11356M (Admiral Grigorovich class)
Six frigates of the Admiral Grigorovich class were ordered for the Black Sea Fleet to be built by the Yantar Yard in Kaliningrad which is also building the Talwar class for the Indian Navy.
- Admiral Grigorovich - ordered for BSF - laid down on 18 December 2010, delivered in March 11, 2016
- Admiral Essen - ordered for BSF - laid down on 8 July 2011, delivered in June 7, 2016
- Admiral Makarov - ordered for BSF - laid down on 29 Feb 2012, to be delivered in 2016
- Admiral Butakov - ordered for BSF - laid down on 12 Oct 2012
- Admiral Istomin - ordered for BSF
- Admiral Kornilov - planned for BSF
- "Боевые искусства. Все о самообороне". Warfare.ru. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
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- 27.09.2010 (2010-09-27). "BSF to receive new frigates every year since 2013". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- EnglishRussia.com - "Friendly" Ship Guarding Moscow
- William J. Aceves. "Diplomacy at Sea: U.S. Freedom of Navigation Operations in the Black Sea". International Law Studies. 68.
- Kozhara: Hetman Sahaidachny frigate to join NATO’s anti-piracy operation[dead link], Interfax-Ukraine (17 September 2013)
- Michael Holm, Krivak III class, accessed March 2014.
- Russia to complete second missile frigate for Indian Navy by March
- "St. Andrew flag hoisted on Russia's Project 11356 lead frigate". TASS. 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "На заводе "Янтарь" началось строительство корабля для ВМФ России | Калининград.Ru". Kaliningrad.ru. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- "Флоту – новый фрегат". Redstar.ru. 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- 20.06.2011 (2011-06-20). "Russian Navy to receive six frigates". Rusnavy.com. Retrieved 2014-03-08.
- Gardiner, Robert (ed.) (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. London: Conway Maritime. ISBN 0-85177-605-1. OCLC 34284130. Also published as Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław (1995). Conway's all the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. OCLC 34267261.
- Pavlov, A. S., Warships of the USSR and Russia 1945-1995 (Chatham Publishing, 1997) ISBN 1-86176-039-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Krivak class frigate.|
- (Russian) Article
- (English) Article from FAS
- (English) Article from Warfare.ru
- (English) Photoalbum Krivak-2 Class Frigate "Pitlivy"
- http://web.archive.org/web/20060625075401/http://mosnews.com:80/news/2005/08/01/flagship.shtml - 1995 mine accident
- (English) All Krivak I and II Class Frigates - Complete Ship List
- (English) All Krivak III Class Frigates - Complete Ship List