The Krka in its upper part near Žužemberk
|⁃ elevation||275 m (902 ft) |
|141 m (463 ft) |
|Length||94.6 km (58.8 mi) |
|Basin size||2,247 km2 (868 sq mi) |
|Progression||Sava→ Danube→ Black Sea|
The Krka (pronounced [ˈkəɾka]; German: Gurk, Latin: Corcoras) is a river in southeastern Slovenia (the traditional region of Lower Carniola), a right tributary of the Sava. With a length of 94.6 km (58.8 mi), it is the second-longest river flowing in its entirety in Slovenia, following the Savinja.
The name Krka was first attested in written sources in 799 as Corca (and as Gurke in 1025, and in Gurka fluvio in 1249). The Slovene name is derived from Slavic *Kъrka, based on the Romance name *Corcra or *Corca, derived in turn from Corcora. Many rivers had this name, or similar names, in antiquity. The name is believed to be of pre-Romance origin and may be based on onomatopoeia.
The Krka sources in a karst spring, lying in a pocket valley below Krka Cave, north of the village of Krka, around 25 km (16 mi) southeast of Ljubljana, before flowing southeast. In heavy downpours, water bursts through the main entrance of Krka Cave and flows in a torrential waterfall over the steps in front of it.
The river passes the town of Žužemberk, Dolenjske Toplice, the town of Novo Mesto, Otočec Castle, and Kostanjevica na Krki, to meet the Sava at Brežice near the Croatian border. Its largest tributary is the Prečna, the continuation of the Temenica River.
- Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- "Sava River Basin Analysis Report" (PDF, 9.98 MB). International Sava River Basin Commission. September 2009. p. 13. Retrieved 2018-05-18.
- Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. pp. 214–215.
- Ašič, Zala (2008). Geografska zasnova zavarovanja reke Krke kot naravnega spomenika v Mestni občini Novo mesto [Geographical Design of the Krka River Cover as a Natural Monument in the Municipality of Novo Mesto] (PDF) (in Slovenian and English). Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-22.
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