Krolevets

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Krolevets

Кролевець
Krolevets railway station
Krolevets railway station
Flag of Krolevets
Flag
Coat of arms of Krolevets
Coat of arms
Krolevets is located in Ukraine
Krolevets
Krolevets
Location of Krolevets
Coordinates: 51°33′0″N 33°23′0″E / 51.55000°N 33.38333°E / 51.55000; 33.38333
Country
region
area
Ukraine
Sumy Oblast
Krolevets Raion
Founded1601
Population
 (2015)
 • Total23,313
Postal code
41300
Area code(s)+38 (05453)
Websitehttp://www.krolevets.com

Krolevets (Ukrainian: Кролевець, [kroɫeˈʋɛtsʲ] (About this soundlisten), Polish: Królewiec) is a city in Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. It serves as the administrative center of Krolevets Raion. Population: 23,313 (2015 est.)[1] In 2001, population was 25,183.

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1601–1667
Tsardom of Russia 1667–1721
 Russian Empire 1721–1917
Soviet Ukraine 1919–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991
 Ukraine 1991–present

Named in honor of the Polish King Sigismund III, Krolevets was founded in 1601 and it was originally part of Poland. The original name was written as Krolewac (Krulevats). In 1644 it was granted Magdeburg city rights by Polish King Władysław IV Vasa. Krolevets was annexed by the Tsardom of Russia in 1667 (Truce of Andrusovo).

In 1802 it was incorporated into the Chernigov Governorate.

A local newspaper is published in the city since 1919[2].

During World War II, Krolevets was occupied by the German Army from 3 September 1941 to 1 September 1943.

Transportation[edit]

Krolevets is situated on the Kiev - Moscow railway and auto route. Distance from Kiev - approx. 260 km (161.56 mi). Distance to Russian border - approx. 80 km (49.71 mi).

Nature[edit]

Unique apple tree growing in Krolevets

Krolevets is the location of a unique apple tree, which has self-propagated into a colony of fifteen family trees that combined cover an area of 1,000 sq. meters (10,763 sq.feet).[3] This self-propagation, where drooping branches create new roots and trunks, has not been observed in other apple trees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  2. ^ № 3100. Маяк коммунизма // Летопись периодических и продолжающихся изданий СССР 1986—1990. Часть 2. Газеты. М., «Книжная палата», 1994. стр.405
  3. ^ http://www.dogonews.com/2015/9/25/ukraines-unique-apple-tree-colony-comprises-one-ancient-apple-tree