Kroměříž

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Kroměříž
Town
Town square seen from the Kroměříž Castle tower
Town square seen from the Kroměříž Castle tower
Flag of Kroměříž
Flag
Coat of arms of Kroměříž
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Athens of Hanakia
Kroměříž is located in Czech Republic
Kroměříž
Kroměříž
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°17′56″N 17°23′35″E / 49.29889°N 17.39306°E / 49.29889; 17.39306Coordinates: 49°17′56″N 17°23′35″E / 49.29889°N 17.39306°E / 49.29889; 17.39306
CountryCzech Republic
RegionZlín
DistrictKroměříž
Founded1260
Government
 • MayorJaroslav Němec
Area
 • Total50.97 km2 (19.68 sq mi)
Elevation
201 m (659 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01[1])
 • Total28,816
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
767 01 - 767 04; 767 07
Websitewww.mesto-kromeriz.cz
Official nameGardens and Castle at Kroměříž
Criteriaii, iv
Reference860
Inscription1998 (22nd Session)

Kroměříž ([ˈkromɲɛr̝iːʃ] (About this soundlisten); German: Kremsier, Polish: Kromieryż) is a Moravian town in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. The town's main landmark is the Baroque Archbishop's Palace, where some scenes from Amadeus and Immortal Beloved were filmed. It was declared the most beautiful historical city in the Czech Republic in 1997. The Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž were added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 1998. The city's National Museum is home to The Flaying of Marsyas, a late painting by Titian.

The city has traditionally held an international festival of military brass music[2] and the international festival of sacred music FORFEST [3] On the outskirts of the city there is the Agricultural Research Institute Kroměříž (formerly the Research Institute of Grain, etc., founded in 1951), which is engaged in research and breeding of cereals[4].

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, there was a ford across the Morava and the crossroads of the Amber and Salt Roads (which was the actual continuation of the famous Silk Road).The first written record of Kromeriz dates back to 1110. On the Arab map, known as Tabula Rogeriana, the city is referred to as Agra[5].

The settlement, inhabited by Slavs since at least the 7th century, was founded in 1260 by Bruno von Schauenburg, bishop of Olomouc. Bruno chose Kroměříž to become his see and he also made his castle the centre of his dominion, which consisted of more than 60 vassals from all over Moravia. Kroměříž is referred to as a market village in a document by Přemysl Otakar II from 1256, but by 1266 it was already referred to as a town. Bruno established what was to become the famous Archbishop's Palace. The town was badly damaged in the Thirty Years' War, was plundered twice by Swedish troops (1643 and 1645), and after this the Black Death took its toll on the population. Bishop Karl II von Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn rebuilt the city and the palace after that war. The Constitutive Imperial Congress sat in Kroměříž in 1848.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

Kroměříž is twinned with:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. ^ Kuncová, Jarmila (2011-09-04). "V Kroměříži obnovili festival vojenských hudeb" (in Czech). Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  3. ^ "Festival Forfest Czech Republic". www.forfest.cz. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  4. ^ "VUKOM - Neco z historie".
  5. ^ "Zajímavé střípky z historie - Geografie a kartografie | Islam Cz". web.archive.org. 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2019-09-12.
  6. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Kroměříž. Retrieved 2019-08-22.

External links[edit]