Kropatschek rifle

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Kropatschek/Steyr-Kropatschek
An example of a Portuguese Kropatschek
Kropatschek Model 1886
Type Rifle
Place of origin Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1886–1898 (Portugal)
Used by Kingdom of Portugal
Wars Second Boer War
World War I
Spanish Civil War
World War II(Portuguese colonies)
Annexation of Goa
Portuguese Colonial War
Production history
Designed 1886
Produced 1886–ca. 1898
Variants Long rifles, short rifle
Specifications
Weight 4.3 kg (9.5 lb)
Length 1320 mm (4 ft)
Barrel length 820 mm (32.3 in)

Cartridge 8×60mmR 8x56mmR
Caliber 8mm (.323 in)
Action Bolt action
Muzzle velocity 609 m/s (2,000 ft/s)
Effective firing range 2406 yd (2,200 m)
Feed system 8-round integral tubular magazine

A Kropatschek is any variant of a rifle designed by Alfred von Kropatschek. Kropatschek's rifles used an tubular magazine (constructed of nickel-plated steel) of his design, of the same type used in the German Mauser Gewehr 1871/84 and the Japanese Type 22 Murata. While designed for black powder, the Kropatschek action proved to be strong enough to handle smokeless powder.

Variants[edit]

Austria-Hungary:

  • Gendarmerie Repetier-Karabiner M1881: 11 mm Gendarmerie Carbine (also known as M1874/81);
  • Kropatschek Torpedo Boats Gewehr M1893: 8 mm Navy Rifle for Torpedo boat crews.

France:

  • Fusil de Marine Mle 1878: 11 mm Navy Rifle;
  • Fusil d'Infanterie Mle 1884: 11 mm Infantry Rifle;
  • Fusil d'Infanterie Mle 1885: 11 mm Infantry Rifle.

Portugal:

  • Espingarda de Infantaria 8 mm m/1886: 8 mm Infantry Rifle;
  • Carabina de Caçadores 8 mm m/1886: 8 mm Light Infantry Carbine;
  • Carabina de Cavalaria 8 mm m/1886: 8 mm Cavalry Carbine;
  • Carabina da Guarda Fiscal 8 mm m/1886/88: 8 mm Treasury Guard Carbine;
  • Espingarda de Infantaria 8 mm m/1886/89: 8 mm Colonial Infantry Rifle;
  • Carabina de Artilharia 8 mm m/1886/91: 8 mm Artillery Carbine.

See also[edit]

References[edit]