The Kosovo Heroes Square
Location of the municipality of Kruševac within Serbia
|• Mayor||Dragi Nestorović|
|• Municipality||854 km2 (330 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 37|
Kruševac (Serbian Cyrillic: Крушевац [krûʃeʋat͡s] ( listen)) is a city and the administrative center of the Rasina District, in Serbia. It is located in the valley of West Morava, on Rasina river. According to the 2011 census, the administrative area has a population of 128,752, while the town has 58,745.
The city was founded in 1371, by Prince Lazar of Serbia (1371–1389), who used it as his seat.
The etymology is derived from the Serbian word for "river stone", krušac which was largely used for a building at that time.
Kruševac was founded in 1371, as a fortified town in the possession of Lord Lazar Hrebeljanović. The Lazarica Church (or Church of St, Stephen) was built by Lazar between 1375–78, in the Morava architectural style. It is mentioned in one of Lazar's edicts in 1387, as his seat, when he affirmed the rights of Venetian merchants on Serbian territory. In preparation for the Battle of Kosovo (1389) against the Ottoman Empire, the Serbian army assembled in the city. The site of Lazar's palace is marked by a ruined enclosure containing a fragment of the tower of his spouse Princess Milica, and, according to legend, tidings of the defeat were brought to her by crows from the battlefield. After the battle, the city was held by Princess Milica as her seat. The little that remains of Lazar's city is the Kruševac Fortress, which was declared a Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance in 1979. Several old Ottoman houses were left at the beginning of the 20th century, besides an old Turkish fountain and bath, which was known as Alacahisar (Aladža Hisar) during Ottoman rule between 1427-1833 (nominally to 1867) when Kruševac was the seat of the Sanjak of Kruševac. The Ottoman rule was interrupted during Austrian occupations between 1688–1690 and 1717-1739.
A large monument dedicated to the fallen Serbs at the Battle of Kosovo was sculpted by Petar Ubaković (1852–1910). A part of the monument is also a statue of the famous blind Serbian poet Filip Višnjić.
Aside from the city of Kruševac, which is the urban administrative center, the municipality includes the following 101 settlements:
- Begovo Brdo
- Bela Voda
- Velika Kruševica
- Velika Lomnica
- Veliki Kupci
- Veliki Šiljegovac
- Veliko Golovode
- Veliko Krušince
- Gornji Stepoš
- Donji Stepoš
- Mala Vrbnica
- Mala Reka
- Mali Kupci
- Mali Šiljegovac
- Malo Golovode
- Malo Krušince
- Ribarska Banja
Demographics (2011 census)
Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2012 local elections:
- Stojan Protić (1857–1923), Yugoslav politician, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia 1918-1919, 1920
- Stanislav Binički (1872–1942), Serbian composer (Marš na Drinu)
- Taško Načić (1934–1993), Serbian actor
- Miodrag Petrović Čkalja (1924–2003), One of the most popular Serbian comedians
- Bata Paskaljević (1923–2004), Serbian actor
- Dobrica Ćosić (b. 1921), Serbian writer, first President of FR Yugoslavia
- Miroslav Mišković (b. 1945), Serbian businessman
- Nikola Milošević (b. 1993), Serbian footballer
- Predrag Jovanović (b. 1950), Serbian musician
- Nebojša Bradić (b. 1956), Serbian theater director, and former Minister of Culture
- Goran Grbović (b. 1961), Yugoslav basketball player
- Vojin Ćetković (b. 1971), Serbian actor
- Nataša Tapušković (b. 1975), Serbian actress
Twin towns — Sister cities
Kruševac is twinned with:
Other forms of cooperation and city friendship similar to the twin/sister city programmes:
- "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
- Filip Jovanovic i Djordje Banovic. "Istorija - Crkva Lazarica - Kruševac - Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva". Lazarica.rs. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Monuments of Culture in Serbia: ЦРКВА СВ.СТЕФАНА ЛАЗАРИЦА СА КРУШЕВАЧКИМ ГРАДОМ (SANU) (Serbian) (English)
- Politicke stranke u lokalnom parlamentu
- "AllCorfu.Com: Corfu's Twin Cities". allcorfu.com. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
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