Komuna e Krushevës
|Region||Pelagonia Statistical Region|
|• Mayor||Gjorgi Damčeski (VMRO-DPMNE)|
|• Total||190.68 km2 (73.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
Kruševo Municipality (Macedonian: Крушево [ˈkruʃevo] (listen); Albanian: Krushevë, Aromanian: Crushuva) is a municipality in the central region of North Macedonia. Kruševo is also the name of the town where the municipal seat is found. This municipality is part of the Pelagonia Statistical Region.
The municipality borders Plasnica Municipality to the northwest, Makedonski Brod Municipality to the north, Dolneni Municipality and Krivogaštani Municipality to the east, Mogila Municipality to the south, and Demir Hisar Municipality and Kičevo Municipality to the west.
A large part of the Macedonian population in Kruševo originate from Lazaropole and descend from Mijaks, a Macedonian sub-group who settled in the town alongside the Aromanians by the middle of the nineteenth century. Aromanians settled in Kruševo in addition to Orthodox Albanian refugees often in groups of families and led by a priest fleeing the 18th century socio-political and economic crises in what is now southern Albania. Orthodox Albanians arrived from Vithkuq and the Opar region while local Kruševo traditions also relate that other families arrived from Korçë and the villages of Polenë, Dardhë, and Mborje. In the early 20th century, Kruševo was a small town in Manastir Vilayet with a mixed population of 4,950 Bulgarians, 4,000 Vlachs (Aromanians) and 400 Christian Albanians, according to Bulgarian geographer Vasil Kanchov's statistics. Due to intermarriage with locals, at the onset of the twentieth century few in the small local Orthodox Albanian community spoke Albanian.
The municipality of Kruševo also contains a Muslim Albanian population living in the region. In the modern era relations between Kruševo Aromanians and Muslim Albanians remain cordial, as do relations of Kruševo's Christian inhabitants with Muslim villagers of the municipality when they arrive into town to conduct business on market day and attend to administrative tasks. In 1996 the creation of Žitoše municipality (now part of Dolneni Municipality) reduced some of Kruševo Municipality's religious and linguistic diversity as the new municipal unit included a sizable number of Muslim Albanians.
According to the last national census from 2002, this municipality has 9,684 inhabitants. Ethnic groups in the municipality include:
- Macedonians = 6,081 (62.8%)
- Albanians = 2,089 (21.5%)
- Vlachs = 1,020 (10.5%)
|Demographics of Kruševo Municipality|
- Koukoudis, Asterios (2003). The Vlachs: Metropolis and Diaspora. Thessaloniki: Zitros Publications. ISBN 9789607760869. p.355. "In many cases, the refugees arrived in organised groups of families with a leader, usually a priest. Right from the start, the Vlachs were accompanied by Arvanites from Vithkuq and the Opar area. Those from Vithkuq preceded those from Opar and occupied the western part of the settlement, forming their own district there. According to local lore, other Arvanite families came from Korçë and the surrounding villages of Polenë, Dardhë, and Mborje. By the early twentieth century, intermarriage meant that very few families spoke Albanian any more."; p. 436. "Mijaks... Quite a large group, from Lazaropole mainly, formed the nucleus of the Slavonic- speaking population of Kruševo, who had settled alongside the Vlachs by the mid-nineteenth century."
- Zografski, Dančo (1986). Odbrani dela vo šest knigi: Makedonskoto nacionalno dviženje. Naša kniga. p. 21. "Населението на Крушево во време на востанието гб сочинуваат Македонци, Власи и Албанци. Први се доселиле во него Власите кон втората половина од XVIII век, односно по познатите грчки востанија од 1769 година..."
- Васил Кънчов. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.240 (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics Sofia, 1900, p. 39-53).
- Brown, Keith (2003). The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of Nation. Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691099958. p. 224. "In the contemporary setting, reportedly, relations between Vlahs and Albanians remained cordial in the Kruševo region. So, more generally, do those between Kruševo's Christian population and the Muslim villagers in the municipality who come to town to deal with administrative tasks and buy and sell on market days."; p. 275. "The 1994 census was conducted under international supervision, and was followed in 1996 by the reorganization of administrative boundaries, which created an effect of reducing the Kruševo's religious and linguistic diversity, as the majority of those included in the new municipality of Žitoše were Muslim Albanians."
- 2002 census results in English and Macedonian (PDF)