Krujë Castle

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Krujë Castle
Kalaja e Krujës
Krujë, Albania
Muzeum Skanderbega w Kruji 2.jpg
Skanderbeg Museum within the castle, in front of it there is the Fatih Sultan Mehmed Mosque
Coordinates 41°30′25″N 19°47′38″E / 41.50694°N 19.79389°E / 41.50694; 19.79389Coordinates: 41°30′25″N 19°47′38″E / 41.50694°N 19.79389°E / 41.50694; 19.79389
Site information
Owner  Albania
Site history
Battles/wars Albanian Revolt of 1432–36 First Siege of Krujë (1450) Second Siege of Krujë (1466) Third Siege of Krujë (1467) Fourth Siege of Krujë (1478)

The Krujë castle (Albanian: Kalaja e Krujës) is a castle in the city of Krujë, Albania and the center of Skanderbeg's rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. Inside the castle is the Teqe of Dollme of the Bektashi (an Islamic Sufi sect), the National Skanderbeg Museum, the remains of the Fatih Sultan Mehmed mosque and its minaret, an ethnographic museum and a Turkish bath.

History[edit]

During the Albanian Revolt of 1432-1436 the city was unsuccessfully besieged by Andrea Thopia and Ottoman rule was restored. After Skanderbeg's rebellion in 1443 the castle withstood three massive sieges from the Turks respectively in 1450, 1466 and 1467 with garrisons usually no larger than 2,000-3,000 men under Skanderbeg's command. Mehmed II "The Conqueror" himself could not break the castle's small defenses until 1478, 10 years after the death of Skanderbeg. Today it is a center of tourism in Albania, and a source of inspiration to Albanians. Krujë Castle is situated at an elevation of 557 metres (1,827 ft).[1]

Legacy[edit]

The castle is depicted on the reverses of the Albanian 1000 lekë banknote of 1992-1996, and of the 5000 lekë banknote issued since 1996.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krujë Castle Altitude and Location
  2. ^ Bank of Albania. Currency: Banknotes in circulation Archived February 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.. – Retrieved on 23 March 2009.

External links[edit]