Krumen language

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Native to Ivory Coast, Liberia
Native speakers
(50,000 cited 1993)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
ted – Tepo
pye – Pye
ktj – Plapo
Glottolog ivor1240[2]

Krumen is a dialect continuum spoken by the Krumen people of Liberia and Ivory Coast (Tabou and Grabo subprefectures). It is a branch of the Grebo languages, a subfamily of the Kru languages and ultimately of the Niger–Congo languages. It had 48,300 speakers in 1993.[3] The main varieties are:

  • Tepo: Tepo, Bapo, Wlopo / Ropo, Dapo, Honpo, Yrepo / Kapo, Glawlo dialects
  • Pye: Trepo, Wluwe-Hawlo, Gbowe-Hran, Wlepo, Dugbo, Yrewe / Giriwe, Yapo, Pie dialects
  • Plapo

Plapo has only a hundred speakers and no dialectical variation.


  1. ^ Tepo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Pye at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Plapo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ivorian [Grebo]". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Ethnologue report on Krumen at SIL