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Krumiri (4085416867).jpg
Place of originItaly
Region or stateCasale Monferrato
Created byDomenico Rossi
Main ingredientsWheat flour, sugar, butter, eggs, vanilla

Krumiri are a kind of biscuit which is regarded as the particular delicacy of Casale Monferrato, the city in north-west Italy where they were invented in 1878 by the confectioner Domenico Rossi. They are made without water from wheat flour, sugar, butter, eggs and vanilla, in the form of a slightly bent, rough-surfaced cylinder. This handlebar shape is said to have been chosen in honour of the extravagantly moustachioed Victor Emanuel II, the first king of united Italy.[1][2]

They may be eaten with—or dunked in—tea, liqueurs, wine, zabaione, etc.[3]


Krumiri were awarded a bronze medal at the 1884 Universal Exhibition held in Turin and the following year the manufacturers received a Royal Warrant to supply the Duke of Aosta. Warrants from the Duke of Genoa and from King Umberto I followed in 1886 and 1891.[4] Today krumiri are among the Piedmontese specialities included in the Region’s official list of Prodotto agroalimentare tradizionale.[1]


  1. ^ a b Krumiri Archived 2008-09-08 at the Wayback Machine, Sito Ufficiale della Regione Piemonte – Agricoltura e Qualità.
  2. ^ Krumiri,
  3. ^ How to enjoy them Archived 2007-06-25 at the Wayback Machine,
  4. ^ History Archived 2007-06-25 at the Wayback Machine,