From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Town and municipality
Panoramic view on Krupanj
Panoramic view on Krupanj
Coat of arms of Krupanj
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Krupanj within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Krupanj within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°22′N 19°22′E / 44.367°N 19.367°E / 44.367; 19.367Coordinates: 44°22′N 19°22′E / 44.367°N 19.367°E / 44.367; 19.367
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Mačva
Settlements 23
 • Municipality 342 km2 (132 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 4,429
 • Municipality 17,295
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 15314
Area code +381(0)15
Car plates LO
Church of Holy Ascension in the town center
Good Creek Church at the town outskirts

Krupanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Крупањ, pronounced [krûːpaɲ]) is a town and municipality located in the Mačva District of the western Serbia. The municipality has a total population of 17,295 inhabitants, while the town has a population of 4,429 inhabitants (2011 census).


The town lies in western Serbia, at the southern border of the Pannonian plain and Mačva region. It is surrounded by the mountains Jagodnja, Boranja and Sokolska planina, in a valley intersected by several rivers and creeks. In the town itself, the rivers Bogoštica, Čađavica and Kržava conjoin into Likodra, which later empties into Jadar. The town lies at the altitude of 280 m.

The municipality area covers around 242 km2 (93.44 sq mi), and it encompasses 23 villages. It is the center of the region Rađevina, which was named after Rađ, a knight of Prince Lazar, who defended it from Hungarian and Ottoman conquerors, and who is buried at the monument of Rađev Kamen.


Aside from the town of Krupanj, the municipality includes the following settlements:


The name 'Krupanj' was first recorded in Ragusan records in 1417. In the Middle Ages, it was a silver mining site, frequented by Ragusan merchant caravans. In 1459, it fell under Ottoman rule with the rest of the Serbian Despotate.

The Church of Dobri Potok (Dobropotočka crkva) at the town outskirts, which is devoted to the Holy Ascension of God-bearer Mary, was first recorded in 1528 in Turkish records, making it the oldest preserved church in the Podrinje area.[citation needed] Built in a traditional style, it hosts a number of records and monuments from Ottoman Rule and the 'Serbian Liberation wars' period. It is surrounded by a small ethno-park with several chapels and museum rooms.

The town was first liberated in the First Serbian Uprising in 1804 by the hajduks company of Đorđe Obradović "Ćurčija". Vojvoda Maksim Krstić and count Krsto Ignjatović were leaders of the defense of Krupanj during the uprising. The first basic school in the town was opened in 1837, and the church of Holy Ascension was built in 1842. The Ottomans ultimately withdrew in 1862, and the nearby fortress called "Soko Grad" was torn down, to be turned into the monastery of St. Nicholas.[3]

At the end of 19th century, a lead-antimony smeltery was founded in the city. During World War I, a battle between Austria-Hungary and Serbian forces was fought at the nearby site of Mačkov kamen, the peak of Jagodnja mountain. A charnel house is built in memory of the event. During World War II, in the village of Bela Crkva, partisan Žikica Jovanović Španac killed two gendarmes on July 7, 1941, which would become the official date of celebration of the people's uprising against occupiers in Serbia during communist rule.[4]

On September 26, 1941, a meeting of partisans' main headquarters, presided by Josip Broz Tito, was held in the nearby village of Stolice.[5] A monument and memorial park were built after the war, celebrating the event. As the town was one of the centers of the Republic of Užice, it was burned to the ground by German occupiers in late 1941, with only a few buildings surviving.[3]

Krupanj was affected by significant flooding in May 2014. Many houses, roads and a bridge were completely destroyed.[6]


Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1948 24,123 —    
1953 25,396 +5.3%
1961 24,520 −3.4%
1971 23,529 −4.0%
1981 22,530 −4.2%
1991 21,879 −2.9%
2002 20,192 −7.7%
2011 17,295 −14.3%
Source: [7]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has a population of 17,295 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[8]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 16,629
Muslims 167
Romani 133
Bosniaks 50
Others 316
Total 17,295


Krupanj is an underdeveloped municipality,[citation needed] but its clean and natural environment, and its historical monuments offers touristic potential.[citation needed] There are two hotels in the town center. The Church of Good Creek is a preserved building of traditional sacral architecture. Several historical monuments from the World Wars include the ones at Stolice, Mačkov kamen and Cer mountain. The monastery of Tronoša and the ethno-park in nearby Tršić preserve the memory of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, a 19th-century reformer of the Serbian language.

At the site of Mačkov kamen there is also a small ski resort. The area has some hiking and biking, and the creeks are rich in fish, especially trout;[citation needed] there is an organized fishing ground at the site of Zmajevac. Several sporting grounds (including a sports hall and Olympic-sized open swimming pool) offer support for sports tourism, used by sport clubs from Serbia and nearby countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Istorija" (in Serbian). Official site of municipality of Krupanj. Retrieved 2010-10-11. 
  4. ^ Pavle Pavlović (2006-10-03). "Bela Crkva–Ustanak ili Revolucija?". Večernje Novosti. 
  5. ^ Balkan-archive: Timeline of The Anti-Fascist Struggle in Yugoslavia
  6. ^ "Krupanj: Potresan epilog poplava" (in Serbian). B92. 2014-05-18. 
  7. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 

External links[edit]