Kryashens

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Kryashens
Керәшеннәр
Кряшены.JPG
Total population
55,735[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
 Russia34,882[3]
 Kazakhstan20 913[4]
Languages
Tatar, Russian
Religion
Orthodox Christians
Related ethnic groups
Other groups of Volga Tatars, Bashkirs, Chuvash

Kryashens (Kryashen: кряшенняр,[5] Tatar: керәшен(нәр), [k(e)ræˈʃen(nær)], Russian: кряшены; sometimes called Baptised Tatars (Russian: крещёные тата́ры)) are a sub-group of the Volga Tatars, frequently referred to as one of the minority ethnic groups in Russia. They are mostly found in Tatarstan and in Udmurtia, Bashkortostan and Chelyabinsk Oblast. They are considered different to the larger group of Tatars that have converted to Christianity.

Kryashens are Orthodox Christians and some of them regard themselves as being different from other Tatars even though most Kryashen dialects differ only slightly from the Central dialect of the and do not differ from the accents of the Tatar Muslims in the same areas. Tatar language.

The 2010 census recorded 34,882 Kryashen in Russia.

Ethnographers and historians associate the formation of groups of Kryashens with the process of voluntary and violent Christianization in the 16-19 centuries.[6][7][8][9] However, according to the theological researcher from St. Petersburg, Evgeny Barkar, the Kryashens are the descendants of pagan Kipchaks who did not convert to Islam.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ «История и культура татар-кряшен (XVI—ХХ вв.) Казань. 2017. 960 с.
  2. ^ Института этнологии и антропологии РАН.
  3. ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity Archived 2012-04-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Итоги национальной переписи населения 2009 года. Национальный состав, вероисповедание и владения языками в Республике Казахстан
  5. ^ "Сетевой этнокультурный проект кряшенского народа". www.kryashen.ru. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  6. ^ Татарская энциклопедия: В 5 т., — Казань: Институт Татарской энциклопедии АН РТ, 2006. — Т. 3., стр. 462.
  7. ^ Татары / Отв. ред. Р. К. Уразманова, С. В. Чешко. — М.: Наука, 2001. — 583 с. — (Народы и культуры)
  8. ^ Исхаков Р. Р. Культ мусульманских святых в религиозно-обрядовой традиции татар-кряшен волго-уралья (XIX – начало ХХ В.) // Исторические, философские, политические и юридические науки, культурология и искусствоведение. Вопросы теории и практики. — Тамбов: Грамота, 2015. —№ 12 (62): в 4-х ч. Ч. III. — С. 78-81. — ISSN 1997-292X.
  9. ^ Д.М. Исхаков. Татарская нация: история и современное развитие. Казань 2002
  10. ^ Redaktor. "Проблема этногенеза кряшен". ipi1.ru. Retrieved 4 October 2017.

External links[edit]