Coordinates: 49°24′42″N 20°57′18″E / 49.41167°N 20.95500°E / 49.41167; 20.95500
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Health resort (kurort)
Health resort (kurort)
Flag of Krynica-Zdrój
Coat of arms of Krynica-Zdrój
Krynica-Zdrój is located in Lesser Poland Voivodeship
Krynica-Zdrój is located in Poland
Coordinates: 49°24′42″N 20°57′18″E / 49.41167°N 20.95500°E / 49.41167; 20.95500
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
CountyNowy Sącz
 • Total40.17 km2 (15.51 sq mi)
590 m (1,940 ft)
 • Total11,243
 • Density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Postal code

Krynica-Zdrój [krɨˈɲit͡sa ˈzdrui̯] (until 31 December 2001 Krynica, Rusyn: Криниця Yiddish: קרעניץ) is a town in Nowy Sącz County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, southern Poland. It is inhabited by over eleven thousand people. It is the biggest spa town in Poland often called the Pearl of Polish Spas; and a popular tourist and winter sports destination situated in the heart of the Beskids mountain range.

History and economy[edit]

Krynica was first recorded in official documents in 1547 and became a town in 1889. Due to its convenient location, infrastructure and rail connections with major cities in Europe, Krynica-Zdrój (Zdrój means mineral spring in Polish) was the location of winter sports tournaments during the interwar period, including the 1931 World Ice Hockey Championships and the 1935 FIL European Luge Championships. In the post-war period, the town has hosted the 1958 and 1962 FIL World Luge Championships, the 2004 Euro Ice Hockey Challenge, and the 2018 and 2020 Winter World Polonia Games.

A gondola lift built in 1997 on the Jaworzyna Krynicka mountain overlooking Krynica, and subsequent investment in modern skiing facilities (apart from the former track of bobsleigh) made Krynica one of the most important ski resorts in Poland. Nearby Beskid Sądecki mountains are also a perfect setting for recreational cross-country skiing in winter and mountain-biking in summer.

The winter sport of bandy returned to Poland in the 2010s, after many decades. When the country made their first international appearance in 2006 at the World Championships for boys U15 in Edsbyn, Krynica-Zdrój contributed with most players.[1]

Krynica was home to Nikifor (birth name Epifaniusz Drowniak), a famous naïve painter in communist Poland.


Krynica-Zdrój is located in Southern Lesser Poland in Beskid Sądecki, within the Poprad Landscape Park protected area. The city center lies in the valley of Kryniczanka river and is connected with the nearby Góra Parkowa and Jaworzyna Krynicka mountains by cable railways.

Points of interest[edit]

International relations[edit]

Town hall

Krynica was sometimes nicknamed "Eastern Davos" for the Economic Forum held there each year in September since 1992 until the forum was transferred to the Lower Silesian town of Karpacz in 2019. Politicians (including heads of state) and businessmen from several countries of Central Europe, Russia, Central Asia and the Middle East met there to discuss economic and political matters. Also, part of the inhabitants of Krynica belong to the Lemko minority who speak an Eastern Slavic language called Rusyn.

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Krynica-Zdrój is twinned with:

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]