Kryoneri, Corinthia

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Kryoneri
Κρυονέρι
Panoramic view of Kryoneri
Panoramic view of Kryoneri
Kryoneri is located in Greece
Kryoneri
Kryoneri
Coordinates: 37°52′N 22°35′E / 37.867°N 22.583°E / 37.867; 22.583Coordinates: 37°52′N 22°35′E / 37.867°N 22.583°E / 37.867; 22.583
Country Greece
Administrative region Peloponnese
Regional unit Corinthia
Municipality Sikyona
Elevation 740 m (2,430 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Rural 868
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΚΡ

Kryoneri (Greek: Κρυονέρι, before 1955: Μάτζανη - Matzani[2]) is a village in Corinthia regional unit, Greece. It is 42 km southwest of Corinth, built at 740 m height, in the slopes of Velisa mountain (part of Cyllene mountain). Kryoneri is part of the municipality of Sikyona. The village was flown through by a stream, tributary of Elisson River.[3][4] Kryoneri has panoramic view towards northeast Corinthia until the coasts of Saronic and Corinthian gulf. Its population is 868 inhabitants according to 2011 census.

History[edit]

The first name of the settlement was Mergeni, which possibly means grass land.[4] This name derived from the Franks who dominated the Peloponnese during the 13th and 14th centuries. The current name was given in 1954 which means a place with cold water. The village took part in the Greek War of Independence, where a chieftain from Kryoneri with the surname Stergiopoulos is mentioned.[3]

Historical population[edit]

Census Population
2001 961
2011 868

Places of interest[edit]

The observatory in Kryoneri

The Kryoneri Astronomical Station observatory was built in 1974-75 at a height of 1000 meters. It has the second biggest telescope in Greece after the Chelmos Observatory. Its catoptric lens is 122 cm diameter.[5]

Located 4 km southwest of the village is the monastery of the Assumption of the Theotokos Lechova. It is built at 1050 m height. The catholicon of the monastery dates from Byzantine times, while other parts of the monastery belong to the 12th or 13th centuries.[6]

Near the village there is a cemetery of the Mycenaean era.[4] It includes ruins of 10 vaulted tombs. In the place Koutroumbi there are some ruins of a Mycenaean acropolis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ Name changes of settlements in Greece
  3. ^ a b "Kryoneri". municipality of Sikyona. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Kryoneri Corinthias". dim-kryon.kor.sch.gr. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "Αστεροσκοπείο Κρυονερίου". municipality of Sikyona. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Ιερά Μονή Κοιμήσεως Θεοτόκου Λέχοβας". municipality of Sikyona. Retrieved 16 June 2014.