|Directed by||Ram Gopal Varma|
|Produced by||K. L. Narayana|
Y. Lakshmana Chowdary
S. Gopala Reddy
|Written by||Satyanand (Dialogues)|
|Screenplay by||Ram Gopal Varma|
|Story by||Ram Gopal Varma|
|Music by||M. M. Keeravani|
|Cinematography||S. Gopala Reddy|
Sri Durga Arts
25 December 1991 (2nd run)
|2 hrs 38 min|
Kshana Kshanam (English: Moment to Moment) is a 1991 Telugu language neo-noir road movie written and directed by Ram Gopal Varma. The film Starred Venkatesh, Sridevi and Paresh Rawal in the lead roles. The sound track and background score composed by M. M. Keeravani received rave reviews. The Comedy thriller film is one of the highest rated Telugu films on the Internet Movie Database. The narrative by Ram Gopal Varma, and the cinematography by S. Gopala Reddy, received positive reviews. It was dubbed in Tamil as Ennamo Nadakkudhu.
Produced by Durga Arts, the film went on to become a sleeper hit with its second theatrical release in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu, along with a dubbed Hindi version titled Hairaan which gathered positive reports from bollywood critics, and was screened at the International Film Festival of India, Ann Arbor Film Festival, and the Fribourg International Film Festival. The path breaking film received critical acclaim which led to four state Nandi Awards, including the Nandi Award for Best Direction, the Nandi Award for Best Screenplay Writer, and a Filmfare Award South. Varma later remade the film in Hindi as Daud, and also donned films such as Thiruda Thiruda, Anaganaga Oka Roju and Road on the lines of Kshana Kshanam.
Narayana(Horse Babu) and his accomplice, working for Nayar (Paresh Rawal), breaks into and steals INR 1,00,00,000 from a bank in Hyderabad. Found out by the police, the group engage in a shootout and later a chase, during which one of the gang and the police are killed. Narayana, going rogue, kills his accomplice and betrays Narsing, hoping to keep the loot for himself. With the police watching all routes out of Hyderabad, Nayar and his men track Narayana to his brother's photo studio. Before he his caught, Narayana hides the clue to where he hid the money in one of the photo envelopes. Caught and tortured, Narayana reveals the clue, but before they can retrieve it, the envelope is taken by Satya (Sridevi) a middle class working girl. Before dying, Narayana reveals the truth and the clue to his brother. Heading home, Satya is accosted by one of Nayar's men, who demands the envelope. Trying to escape, Satya accidentally stabs him, after which her nosy neighbour calls the police on her. While on the phone, the thug gets up again, only to fall down dead, a knife lodged in his back, which later is shown as being thrown by Narayan's brother. Meanwhile, Chandu (Venkatesh) is a small time thief, posing as a police officer to con and steal from people. While relaxing at a dhaba, Satya enters the place and calls her friend to inform her about what happened, unaware that the police were listening in. Chandu inadvertently saves her from being assaulted by a gang of hoodlums, and while she is thanking him, the police arrive. Thinking they're after him, Chandu takes Satya hostage and escapes into the jungle with her. Meanwhile, Nayar and his men also join the pursuit. Chandu and Satya face a few challenges in avoiding the police, Narayan's brother and Nayar in the forest, gradually growing closer to each other. They run into Nayar, where he demands to know where the envelope is. Escaping the police led by Inspector Yadav (Rami Reddy) and Narayana's brother, Chandu deduces that the clue to the money is hidden in that envelope. They eventually stumble across Nayar's truck, which they use to escape the jungle and into the city. Knowing that Satya's apartment is a crime scene and will be guarded, Chandu and Satya decide to scale the building from outside through her neighbour's apartment. They eventually find the envelope, which contains a storage receipt for the cloak room at the railway station. Evading Nayar's henchmen and the police, Chandu and Satya face off against one of Nayar's henchmen at Chandus's apartment, and tie him up. While Chandu goes off to meet his friend and decide what to do with the money they found, Satya is left to guard the henchman, who breaks free and subdues her, then calls Nayar. Meanwhile, Chandu decides to keep half the money and return the rest, but is ambushed by Nayar's henchmen and brought to his apartment, where he is forced to hand over the receipt. However, the police are tipped off to their location by a police informant, and a shootout ensues. Chandu manages to subdue Nayar and get the receipt, and they head for the station with Nayar and the police in pursuit. The duo reach the station and retrieve the money bag, then climb the train to escape Nayar. At the next station, Nayar and his men board the train, leading to a fight between Chandu and the goons. Left with Nayar and one of his men, Nayar holds Chandu and Satya at gunpoint, demanding the money. In response, Chandu hangs the bag over the side, threatening to drop if he shoots. Left with no options, Nayar decides to have the train stopped so that he can shoot them and retrieve the money, only for his henchman and the train driver to struggle and fall out of the train. Chandu unhooks the engine from the rest of the train, jumping back to grab the bag and jump off. With the engine out of control, it plows through a number of houses before finally ramming a wall and slowing down. Nayar is arrested by the police, and Chandu returns the money to Yadav, after being forced to do so by Satya. The film ends with Satya asking him to drop her home, offering to introduce him to her mother, and an amused Chandu agreeing.
|Actor / Actress||Character|
|Paresh Rawal||Nayar (Mastan), a gangster|
|Rami Reddy||Inspector Yadav|
Bijon Das Gupta was the production designer for the film. Filming was done in Hyderabad, Nallamala forests, and Mudumalai National Park. Sridevi's acclaimed performance of an innocent girl stuck in a tight spot, won her awards. She also sang the soundtrack "Kingu La Kanipisthunnadu" which was shot in The Leela Mumbai.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Producer||M. M. Keeravani|
|M. M. Keeravani chronology|
Music composed by M. M. Keeravani. All songs are blockbusters.
|1.||"Jaamu Raatiri"||Sirivennela Sitaramasastri||SP Balu, K. S. Chithra||4:59|
|2.||"Jumbaare"||Vennelakanti||Mano, K. S. Chithra||6:55|
|3.||"Ammayi Muddu"||Sirivennela Sitaramasastri||SP Balu, K. S. Chithra||5:37|
|4.||"Andanantha Etta"||Sirivennela Sitaramasastri||SP Balu, K. S. Chithra||5:18|
|5.||"Ko ante koti"||Sirivennela Sitaramasastri||SP Balu, Sridevi||5:25|
- Best Director - Ram Gopal Varma
- Best Actress - Sridevi
- Best Screenplay Writer - Ram Gopal Varma
- Best Cinematographer - S. Gopala Reddy
- "Kshana Kshanam (1991) – Movie Review, Story, Trailers, Videos, Photos, Wallpapers, Songs, Trivia, Movie Tickets".
- "Kshana Kshanam (Ram Gopal Varma) 1991 – Indiancine.ma". Indiancine.ma.
- "No Limit for Adventure, Situational Comedy and Action- Kshana Kshanam Part 3". Marapuraani Chitralu.
- Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema- Kshana Kshanam, Pg(503)-Professor of critical Studies-Paul Willemen-2014
- "telugu cinema – Good Films – Kshanakshanam – Venkatesh, Sridevi – Ram Gopal Varma – S Gopal Reddy – MM Keeravani". idlebrain.com.
- Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (10 July 2014). "Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema". Routledge – via Google Books.
- "Edouard Waintrop on the New Indian Cinema : UP Front – India Today". India Today. 18 May 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2012.