Kuala Lumpur Hospital
|Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL)|
|Location||Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Lists||Hospitals in Malaysia|
Kuala Lumpur Hospital (Malay: Hospital Besar Kuala Lumpur, abbr: HKL) is a Malaysian government-owned public hospital in Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia. Founded in 1870, HKL is a not-for-profit institution and serves as the flagship hospital of the Malaysian public healthcare system. This hospital serves as a tertiary and referral hospital. It is located on 150 acres of prime land in the city with 84 wards and 2,300 beds, making it one of the largest hospitals in the world. More than 90 per cent of the beds in HKL are allocated for subsidized patients, providing access to an internationally established standard of affordable healthcare.
The Kuala Lumpur Hospital or HKL has 54 different departments and units. These include 29 clinical departments and 15 clinical support services. HKL has approximately 11,000 staff with almost 2,300 professionals in various fields and disciplines. Out of the total number of staff, there are 300 medical consultants and specialists, 1,300 medical officers, 72 matrons, 253 sisters (ward managers) and 3,500 registered nurses and 258 community nurses.
History and future developments
- 1870: HKL was developed as a district hospital with three wards.
- 1920: Upgraded to 25 wards with 1st class, 2nd class and 3rd class wards classifications.
- 1962: Maternity Hospital, North Ward Block, Radiotherapy Department and Hostels for staff were built.
- 1972: South Ward Block, Neurology Institute, Surgical Block, Radiology Block, National Blood Transfusion Centre and more hostels were added.
- 1973: Specialist clinics, Outpatient Department and Doctor's hostel were constructed.
- 1974: Trainee Nurses hostel and Clubhouse added.
- 1975: Orthopaedic Institute, Urology Institute, Artificial Limb Centre and Radiology Block were established.
- 1992: Paediatric Institute was constructed.
- 1997: Upgrading of the Institute of Radiotherapy, Oncology and Nuclear Medicine.
- 2013: Specialist Complex & Ambulatory Care Centre (SCACC) was opened, consisting of 16 clinical departments, support services such as pharmacy, pathology, radiology, Central Sterile Supply Unit (CSSU) and allied health services. SCACC providing 30 beds for daycare patients, 184 consultations rooms, 7 seminar rooms and the Clinical Research Centre (CRC).
- 2017: A new 12-storey Women and Children’s Hospital (WCH) with 600 beds built at a cost of RM 850 million is scheduled to open within HKL's compound, offering services such as labour and delivery, nursery, therapy and women specialist clinics, child development center, pediatric specialist clinics, women health center, neonatal intensive care and obstetric wards. Future plans include a "school within a hospital" facility for children who are on long-term treatment and hospital-bound.
HKL handles over one million outpatients annually and 131,639 in-patients in 2015. In 2015, the total management expenditure for HKL reached RM 1 billion whilst development expenditure exceeded RM 17 million. On average, HKL handles over 3,300 outpatient cases daily. The average hospital admission on a daily basis was over 360 cases, with over 44,500 surgeries and 14 million lab investigations were conducted annually. 
- 1964: A Kolff Dialysis machine was placed in HKL for the treatment of acute kidney injury. Also installed were the Thyroid Uptake Machine and a Rectilinear Scanner at the Nuclear Medicine unit.
- 1970: The first plastic surgical procedure and the first regular plastic surgery clinic were conducted at HKL.
- 1975: The first renal transplantation (living related) in Malaysia was performed at HKL, utilising an immunosuppressive protocol combining azathioprine and corticosteroids.
- 1976: The first cadaver renal transplantation in Malaysia was performed at HKL.
- 1993: A bone bank was established in HKL, supplying deep frozen bone allografts to across the country.
- 1994: The first bone marrow transplant service started in HKL.
- 2012: HKL oversaw the first successful kidney transplant between a husband and wife with different blood types. Also, a pair of conjoined twins were successfully separated at HKL in a 24-hour surgery involving a 60-strong medical team including 19 surgeons and anaesthetists, making them the 14th conjoined pair to be separated at HKL.
Facilities and transportation
Among the facilities available at the Kuala Lumpur Hospital include banking & finance, cafeteria, convenience stores, gymnasium, tennis court, police station and a post office. The library and resource center for HKL patients and visitors is located at the main block. Mobile library services are available in selected wards. HKL also provides subsidized intermediate care and short-term accommodation for patients and caregivers who are not able to afford high living costs in the city.
The hospital is accessible within walking distance east of the Titiwangsa Station. Bus stop and taxi stands are available. There are 1,950 car park bays at HKL equipped with wireless parking lot detection and guidance system. By the end of 2017, there will be additional 1,270 car park bays with the opening of the Women and Children’s Hospital (WCH) in HKL.
- Global Brands Magazine Awards 2016 - Best Hospital Brand in Malaysia
- "What a 'great dame' of a hospital". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "Off the Cuff - HKL ... our finest institution". The Sun (Malaysia). Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "INTRODUCTION TO HKL". Ministry of Health, Malaysia. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "History". HKL. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "HKL to be a premier hospital". Astro Awani. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
- "UEM-Najcom JV bags RM848mil hospital project". The Star Malaysia. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "New KL hospital to provide 600 beds". The Star Malaysia. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "Government hospitals in Klang Valley facing a shortage of beds for patients". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- "2015 Health Facts" (PDF). HKL. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "2015 Organ Donation Facts". Transplantation Unit & National Transplant Resource Centre. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Conjoined twins separated in Malaysia". The Telegraph UK. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
- "Community Service". HKL. Retrieved 2 January 2017.
- "Multi-Storey Car Park, Women & Children's Hospital At HKL". BERNAMA. Retrieved 2 January 2017.