Kuala Lumpur International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kuala Lumpur International Airport

Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur International Airport Logo.svg
KLIA MTB&Tower.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerKhazanah Nasional
OperatorMalaysia Airports
ServesKlang Valley; Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Malacca
LocationSepang, Selangor, Malaysia
Opened27 June 1998; 24 years ago (1998-06-27)
Hub for
Time zoneMST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL70 ft / 21 m
Coordinates02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E / 2.74333; 101.69806Coordinates: 02°44′36″N 101°41′53″E / 2.74333°N 101.69806°E / 2.74333; 101.69806
Websitewww.klia.com.my
Maps
Selangor state in Malaysia
Selangor state in Malaysia
KUL /WMKK is located in Selangor
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK is located in Peninsular Malaysia
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK (Peninsular Malaysia)
KUL /WMKK is located in Malaysia
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK (Malaysia)
KUL /WMKK is located in Southeast Asia
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK (Southeast Asia)
KUL /WMKK is located in Asia
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK
KUL /WMKK (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14L/32R 4,019 13,186 Asphalt concrete
14R/32L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt concrete
15/33 3,960 12,992 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2020)
Passenger13,156,363 (Decrease 78.9%)
Airfreight (tonnes)505,184 (Decrease 26.5%)
Aircraft movements124,529 (Decrease 69.4%)
Sources: MAHB[1] and AIP[2]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) (IATA: KUL, ICAO: WMKK) is Malaysia's main international airport. It is located in the Sepang District of Selangor, approximately 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur and serves the city's greater conurbation.

KLIA is the largest and busiest airport in Malaysia. In 2020, it handled 13,156,363 passengers, 505,184 tonnes of cargo and 124,529 aircraft movements. It is the world's 23rd-busiest airport by total passenger traffic.

The airport is operated by Malaysia Airports (MAHB) Sepang Sdn Bhd and is the major hub of Malaysia Airlines, MASkargo, Batik Air Malaysia, flyGlobal, UPS Airlines, AsiaCargo Express, AirAsia and AirAsia X.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

KLIA Main terminal architecture

The ground breaking ceremony for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) took place on 1 June 1993[3] when the government under Mahathir Mohamad decided that the existing Kuala Lumpur airport, then known as Subang International Airport (now Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport) could not handle future demand. The construction of the airport was done mainly by a few state owned construction companies as well as Ekovest Berhad – helmed by Tan Sri Datuk Lim Kang Hoo. It was created as part of the Multimedia Super Corridor, a grand development plan for Malaysia. The chief architect who designed the new airport terminal was the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.[4]

Upon KLIA's completion, Subang Airport's Terminal 1 building was demolished. Malaysia Airports agreed to redevelop the remaining Terminal 3 to create a specialist airport for turboprop and charter planes surrounded by a residential area and a business park.[citation needed] The IATA airport code KUL was transferred from Subang Airport, which currently handles only turboprop aircraft, general aviation and military aircraft. Subang Airport's IATA code has since been changed to SZB.[citation needed]

Current site[edit]

KLIA main entrance from the side

The airport's site spans 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi) 2,[5] of former agricultural land and is one of the world's largest airport sites. An ambitious three-phase development plan anticipates KLIA to have three runways and two terminals each with two satellite terminals.[6] Phase One involved the construction of the main terminal and one satellite terminal, giving a capacity of 25 million passengers, and two full service runways. The Phase One airport had sixty contact piers, twenty remote parking bays with eighty aircraft parking positions, four maintenance hangars and fire stations. Phase Two, designed to increase capacity to 35 million passengers per year is largely complete. Phase Three is anticipated to increase capacity to 100 million passengers per year.[6]

Grand opening[edit]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport was officially inaugurated by the 10th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Tuanku Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan, on 27 June 1998 at 20:30 MST. The first domestic arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1263 from Kuantan at 07:10 MST. The first international arrival was Malaysia Airlines flight MH188 from Malé at 07:30 MST. The first domestic departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH1432 to Langkawi at 07:20 MST; the first international departure was Malaysia Airlines flight MH84 to Beijing at 09:00 MST.[7]

Recent events[edit]

  • In 2001, somebody dumped a Saudia Boeing 747 passenger plane in a ditch near one of the terminals. The aircraft was damaged and then written off.[8]
  • On 13 February 2017, Kim Jong-nam, the half-brother of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, was assassinated with the nerve agent VX while walking at Kuala Lumpur International Airport2 (klia2). Two women, who were alleged to have grabbed him to deploy the nerve agent, were arrested. Kim was traveling under a pseudonym.[9]
  • On the night of 21 August 2019, the airport suffered disruption due to network failure, this has caused disruption to several airport systems such as WiFi connection, Flight Information Display System, check-in-counters and the baggage handling systems.[10]
  • On 1 April 2020, Six Syrian passengers were stranded inside the waiting station at the airport, before the Syrian Embassy in Kuala Lumpur could take them out[11][better source needed]

Inauguration[edit]

The inauguration of the airport was marked with numerous problems. The aerobridge and bay allocation systems broke down, with queues building up throughout the airport and the baggage handling breaking down. Bags were lost, and there were waits of over five to seven hours.[12] Most of these issues were remedied eventually, though the baggage handling system was plagued with problems until it was put up for a complete replacement tender in 2007.

The airport suffered greatly reduced traffic with the general reduction in economic activity brought about by the 1997 Asian financial crisis, SARS, bird flu epidemic (Avian flu), the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the 2009 swine flu pandemic and the COVID-19 pandemic. The airport is also largely overshadowed by the more internationally renowned Changi Airport located approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the south in Singapore, especially in regards to connecting flights by various airlines or Malaysians especially living in the southern parts of the country (e.g. Johor) preferring to travel via Changi rather than at KLIA.

The first year of opening immediately saw reduction of passenger numbers as some airlines, including All Nippon Airways (resumed on 1 September 2015), British Airways (reinstated on 28 May 2015), Lufthansa (resumed between 28 March 2004[13] until 28 February 2016)[14] and Northwest Airlines, terminated their loss-making services to KLIA. KLIA's first full year of operations in 1999, in its Phase One manifestation (capacity of 25 million passengers per year), saw only 13.2 million passengers.[15] Passenger numbers eventually increased to 21.1 million in 2004 and 47 million in 2013[16] — though short of the originally estimated 25 million passengers per year by 2003.

Runways[edit]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport has three parallel runways (14L/32R; 14R/32L; 15/33[17]).

The current three runway system is capable of handling 78 landings per hour and is expected to increase to 108 landings per hour once upgrading of the Kuala Lumpur Flight Information Region is completed in 2019.[18] These runways operate on different departure/arrival modes according to the air traffic requirements.[19]

Operations and infrastructure[edit]

The check-in counters in KLIA Main Terminal. The roof structure of the airport was inspired from the traditional Malay architecture.

KLIA features a number of modern design features that assist in the efficient operation of the airport. It is one of the first Asia Pacific airports to become 100% Bar Coded Boarding Pass capable.[20] Malaysia Airlines;[21] AirAsia;[22] MASkargo, a cargo airline;[23] and Malaysia Airports, the Malaysian Airports operator and manager; are headquartered on the property of KLIA.[24] Malaysia Airlines also operates its Flight Management Building at KLIA.[25]

Infrastructure
Terminal Opened Floor area Handling capacity Parking bays
Main Terminal Building 1 & Contact Pier 27 June 1998 336,000 m2 (3,620,000 sq ft) 5 million passengers per year 20 (aerobridge)
23 (remote)
Satellite Terminal A 27 June 1998 143,404 m2 (1,543,590 sq ft) 20 million passengers per year 26 (aerobridge)
15 (remote)
klia2 2 May 2014 257,845 m2 (2,775,420 sq ft) 45 million passengers per year 68 (aerobridge)
10 (remote)
Bunga Raya Complex 27 June 1998 1
Total - 737,249 m2 (7,935,680 sq ft) 70 million passengers per year 114 (aerobridge)
48 (remote)

Terminals[edit]

The airport is part of the KLIA Aeropolis, and is made up of two main terminals; the original terminal, KLIA Main and the new terminal 2, also known as klia2. KLIA Main was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, with an emphasis of natural lighting within the airport complex. Spanning 38.4m along a grid pattern allowing for future expansions, the abstract symbolic architecture by the late Kisho Kurokawa encompasses the Islamic geometry and cutting-edge technology with the tropical rainforest in mind.[26]

KLIA[edit]

Main Terminal Building[edit]

Malaysia Airlines at Contact Pier

The KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) now also referred to as KLIA Main is located in between the two runways. The floor area of the terminal covers 390,000 m2 (4,200,000 sq ft) and the building consists of 39 square roof units, which enables future expansion of the building. There are a total of 216 check-in counters, located in 6 different islands, identified by the letters A – M (excluding I). Multi check-in services are available, designed for the use of all passengers arriving, departing or in transit. Self check in facilities are available in this airport since 2007,[27][28] and KLM was the first airline to use the Common-use self-service kiosks. The contact pier is an extension of the main terminal building with gates marked with prefix A and B for domestic departures, G and H for international flights. The gate allocation is based on operational requirements, although it has been observed that Malaysia Airlines has been operating most of its operations out from the contact pier.

Satellite Terminal A[edit]

Interior of the Satellite Terminal

The 176,000 square metres (1,890,000 sq ft) satellite building accommodates international flights departing and arriving at KLIA. Passengers have to travel to the satellite building via the Aerotrain. There is a wide array of duty-free shops and prestige brand boutiques in the satellite building. This includes international brands such as Burberry, Harrods, Montblanc, Salvatore Ferragamo, and Hermes. Among all international labels available within the terminal, some boutiques such as Harrods are only available in the airport. A number of restaurants and international airlines' lounges are available as well as an Airside Transit Hotel.

Within the terminal, wireless internet (Wi-Fi) is provided free of charge. The terminal also has prayer rooms, showers and massage service. Various lounge areas are provided, some including children's play areas and movie lounge, broadcasting movie and sport channels.[29] The terminal also features a natural rainforest in the middle of the terminal, exhibiting the Malaysian rainforests.

Under Malaysia Airports Berhad retail optimisation plan, the retail space in satellite terminal A will be further optimised to increase its revenue derived from commercial space rental and a percentage of sale receipts to 50% by year 2010 which currently stands at 35%. Some notable improvements that will be seen after the refurbishments will be the Jungle Boardwalk[30] which will be the first of its kind in the world and larger mezzanine floor to accommodate F&B outlets and viewing galleries.[31]

The gates in Satellite Terminal A have the prefix C. The Satellite A terminal has 27 boarding gates altogether.[citation needed]

KL City Air Terminal[edit]

KL City Air Terminal, sometimes known as Kuala Lumpur City Air Terminal or KL CAT, located at KL Sentral, is a virtual extension of KL International Airport where city check-in services are provided. KL City Air Terminal is recognised by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and carries the IATA designation XKL. Currently there are only three airlines providing city check-in services, they are Cathay Pacific, Malaysia Airlines and Malindo Air.[32]

KLIA2 (Terminal 2)[edit]

The terminal logo

Built at approximately RM4 billion, it is the largest purpose-built terminal optimised for low-cost carriers in response to the exponential growth of low-cost travel in the region. It was built to replace the previous Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT). KLIA2 began its operations on 2 May 2014, and all flight operations at LCCT were moved to KLIA2 by 9 May 2014.[33][34]

As part of its development, a third runway (Runway 15/33) and a new air traffic control tower (Tower West) were built to support its operation. klia2 has an initial capacity of 45 million passengers per year. The terminal has a built-up area of 257,845 sqm with 68 departure gates, 10 remote stands, 80 aerobridges, includes a retail space of 32,000 sqm to accommodate a total of 220 retail outlets.[35] The main terminal building of klia2 is connected with its satellite piers with a skybridge, making it the first airport in Asia with such facility.[36] klia2 is certified with Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED).

KLIA2 main lobby

Check-in counters are divided into 8 rows located in 4 islands, each row identified by the letters S – Z. Boarding gates are located in 5 piers, indicated by the letters J and K for domestic flights, and L, P and Q for international flights. Piers J, K and L are connected directly to the main terminal building, while Piers P and Q are accessible via the skybridge. Piers K and L are physically the same pier and share the same gates, but with waiting lounges on different levels (Level 1A for K and Level 2 for L). For international flights, the access door from Pier K is sealed off, while for domestic flights, the access door from Pier L is sealed off instead.[citation needed]

At present, inter-terminal connection is provided on the landside at Gateway@klia2 complex and there are provisions for future airside inter-terminal connection.[citation needed]

Gateway@klia2[edit]

Gateway@klia2 is an integrated shopping complex that is connected to the main klia2 terminal building. It has a 350,000 square feet of net lettable space spanning over four levels. The transport hub at Gateway@klia2 links klia2 to the KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit service, with allotted pick-up and drop-off areas for coaches, taxis, rented vehicles and private transportation.[37]

Gateway@klia2 hosts an 8-storey car park that directly adjoins klia2. There are 6,000 covered parking lots at Blocks A and B and another 5,500 lots at car park D (KLIA2 parking rate). Shuttle buses are available to take the public from the car park D to the terminal.[38] The first capsule transit hotel in Asia named as the Capsule by Container Hotel is also located at Gateway@klia2. Gateway@klia2 is managed by WCT Holdings Berhad.[39]

Former Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT)[edit]

The now defunct 36,000 square metres (390,000 sq ft) low cost carrier terminal (LCCT) was opened at Kuala Lumpur International Airport on 23 March 2006 to cater for the growing number of users of low-cost airlines, especially the passengers of Malaysia's "no-frills" airline, AirAsia. The terminal was designed and built in accordance to the low cost carrier business model, with limited terminal amenities. As requested by the low-cost airlines, the terminal did not provide aerobridges, nor were there transfer facilities, rail connections, and the other facilities provided in a fully-fledged terminal. LCCT was located within the Air Support Zone; it ceased operations on 9 May 2014, and all low-cost carrier flights subsequently operated out of KLIA2.[citation needed]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Alor Setar, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bengaluru, Bintulu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Da Lat,[40] Da Nang, Denpasar, Dhaka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hua Hin,[40] Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Johor Bahru,[41] Kochi, Kolkata, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Kuala Terengganu, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, Makassar, Malé, Manila, Medan, Miri, Nha Trang,[40] Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Phu Quoc,[40] Sandakan, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville,[40] Singapore, Tawau, Tiruchirappalli, Vientiane,[40] Yangon, Yogyakarta–International
AirAsia X Auckland (resumes 1 November 2022),[42] Delhi,[43] Honolulu (resumes 3 October 2022),[44] Melbourne (resumes 1 November 2022),[45] Osaka–Kansai (resumes 3 October 2022),[44] Perth (resumes 1 November 2022),[45] Sapporo–Chitose (resumes 1 December 2022),[44] Seoul–Incheon, Sydney (resumes 2 September 2022),[46] Tokyo–Haneda[44]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Batik Air Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta,[47] Medan[48]
Batik Air Malaysia Amritsar (begins 9 September 2022),[49] Bandung, Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bengaluru,[50] Brisbane,[51] Colombo–Bandaranaike, Delhi, Denpasar, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City (resumes 15 September 2022),[52] Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Johor Bahru,[53] Kathmandu, Kochi,[54] Kolkata (begins 30 September 2022),[55] Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan, Lahore, Langkawi, Melbourne,[56] Mumbai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket,[57] Sandakan, Singapore, Surabaya,[52] Sydney,[58] Taipei–Taoyuan, Tawau,[59] Tiruchirappalli, Yangon
Seasonal charter: Christmas Island, Dili
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong[60]
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Citilink Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Himalaya Airlines Kathmandu
IndiGo Chennai, Tiruchirappalli[61][62]
Indonesia AirAsia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Lombok, Surabaya
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore[63]
KLM Amsterdam, Singapore
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kuwait Airways Kuwait (resumes 2 October 2022)[64]
Lanmei Airlines Phnom Penh[65]
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Adelaide, Alor Setar, Auckland, Bandar Seri Begawan, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bengaluru, Bintulu, Brisbane, Chennai, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Delhi, Denpasar, Dhaka, Doha,[66] Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johor Bahru,[67] Kathmandu, Kochi, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Terengganu, Kuantan, Kuching, Labuan, Langkawi, London–Heathrow, Manila, Medan, Medina, Melbourne, Miri, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sandakan, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sibu, Singapore, Surabaya, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tawau, Tokyo–Haneda (begins 14 August 2022),[68] Tokyo–Narita, Xiamen, Yangon
Seasonal charter: Sapporo–Chitose,[69] Tashkent[70]
Maldivian Seasonal: Malé[71]
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Myanmar National Airlines Yangon
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu
Oman Air Muscat
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad,[72] Lahore[73]
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila[74]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
Scoot Singapore
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SriLankan Airlines Colombo–Bandaranaike
Starlux Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan[75][76]
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[77] Hat Yai
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
VietJet Air Ho Chi Minh City[78]
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang,[79] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
XiamenAir Xiamen

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AsiaCargo Express Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Miri
Cargolux Baku, Luxembourg, Singapore, Zhengzhou[80]
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Penang
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Korean Air Cargo Penang, Seoul–Incheon
My Indo Airlines Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
MASkargo Amsterdam,[81] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[82] Bengaluru, Chongqing,[83] Delhi,[82] Dhaka, Guangzhou,[83] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kota Kinabalu, Kuching, Labuan,[84] Macau, Manila, Mumbai, Penang, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita[85]
My Jet Xpress Airlines Chennai, Kota Kinabalu, Singapore
Silk Way Airlines Amsterdam, Baku,[86] Frankfurt
Turkish Cargo Ho Chi Minh City, Istanbul[87]
UPS Airlines Penang,[88] Shenzhen

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at KUL airport. See source Wikidata query.
Busiest international routes (2018)[1]
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2017 / 18
1 Singapore 4,097,000 Increase 0.3
2 Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta 2,716,808 Increase 7.4
3 Denpasar 1,587,021 Increase 9.3
4 Hong Kong 1,580,320 Decrease 0.3
5 Bangkok–Don Mueang 1,416,402 Decrease 5.9
6 Ho Chi Minh City 1,210,912 Decrease 1.5
7 Taipei–Taoyuan 1,194,894 Increase 4.9
8 Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 1,137,861 Increase 2.9
9 Seoul–Incheon 1,040,495 Increase 23.9
10 Medan 891,435 Increase 7.1
11 Phuket 862,853 Increase 9.0
12 Dubai 861,235 Increase 1.5
13 Dhaka 819,338 Decrease 2.0
14 Manila 813,810 Increase 5.2
15 Shanghai–Pudong 808,145 Increase 17.5
16 Guangzhou 796,533 Increase 6.8
17 Surabaya 784,690 Increase 17.1
18 Melbourne 753,334 Decrease 7.2
19 Jeddah 710,001 Increase 22.8
20 Sydney 673,029 Decrease 8.7
21 Tokyo–Narita 604,340 Increase 15.0
22 Chennai 602,304 Increase 27.2
23 Colombo 572,480 Decrease 9.8
24 Perth 550,574 Decrease 17.1
25 Beijing–Capital 548,736 Decrease 19.1
26 Tiruchirappalli 532,307 Decrease 15.8
27 London–Heathrow 521,253 Decrease 24.7
28 Delhi 519,941 Increase 7.7
29 Phnom Penh 518,383 Increase 22.3
30 Hanoi 513,111 Increase 13.2
31 Doha 480,210 Decrease 13.8
32 Shenzhen 436,991 Increase 5.6
33 Kathmandu 416,025 Decrease 12.2
34 Osaka–Kansai 404,307 Decrease 13.8
35 Bandar Seri Begawan 401,537 Increase 0.7
36 Tokyo–Haneda 369,490 Increase 2.1
37 Bandung 363,020 Decrease 6.1
38 Yangon 340,374 Decrease 0.4
39 Mumbai 311,861 Decrease 6.3
40 Krabi 297,401 Decrease 3.7
41 Kochi 282,371 Decrease 16.5
42 Bangalore 282,009 Increase 21.0
43 Medina 278,400 Decrease 14.9
44 Muscat 278,310 Increase 31.9
45 Yogyakarta 253,525 Decrease 15.1
46 Macau 252,095 Increase 11.8
47 Auckland 249,539 Decrease 7.1
48 Padang 246,505 Increase 16.1
49 Kunming 234,401 Increase 45.2
50 Hyderabad 229,622 Increase 7.9
Busiest domestic routes (2018)[89]
Rank Airport Passengers % change
2017 / 18
1 Sabah Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 2,830,380 Increase 0.5
2 Penang Penang, Penang 2,342,496 Increase 3.4
3 Sarawak Kuching, Sarawak 2,290,698 Decrease 0.6
4 Kedah Langkawi, Kedah 1,819,656 Decrease 5.3
5 Kelantan Kota Bharu, Kelantan 1,172,271 Decrease 7.1
6 Johor Johor Bahru, Johor 975,700 Increase 10.1
7 Sarawak Miri, Sarawak 832,889 Decrease 1.0
8 Sarawak Sibu, Sarawak 734,555 Increase 1.4
9 Sabah Tawau, Sabah 725,403 Increase 12.4
10 Terengganu Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu 686,225 Increase 5.7
Operational statistics of Kuala Lumpur International Airport[1]
Year Passengers
handled
Passenger
% Change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% Change
1998 6,524,405 Steady 156,641 Steady 64,123 Steady
1999 13,172,635 Increase 101.9 417,068 Increase 166.3 116,589 Increase 81.8
2000 14,732,876 Increase 11.8 510,594 Increase 22.4 109,925 Decrease 5.7
2001 14,538,831 Decrease 1.3 440,864 Decrease 13.6 113,590 Increase 3.3
2002 16,398,230 Increase 12.8 527,124 Increase 19.6 127,952 Increase 12.6
2003 17,454,564 Increase 6.4 586,195 Increase 11.2 139,947 Increase 9.4
2004 21,058,572 Increase 20.6 651,747 Increase 11.2 165,115 Increase 18.0
2005 23,213,926 Increase 10.2 653,654 Increase 0.3 182,537 Increase 10.5
2006 24,129,748 Increase 4.0 672,888 Increase 3.0 183,869 Increase 0.7
2007 26,453,379 Increase 9.6 644,100 Decrease 4.3 193,710 Increase 5.3
2008 27,529,355 Increase 4.1 649,077 Increase 0.8 211,228 Increase 9.0
2009 29,682,093 Increase 7.8 584,559 Decrease 10.0 226,751 Increase 7.3
2010 34,087,636 Increase 14.8 674,902 Increase 15.4 245,650 Increase 8.3
2011 37,704,510 Increase 10.6 669,849 Decrease 0.7 269,509 Increase 9.7
2012 39,887,866 Increase 5.8 673,107 Increase 0.5 283,352 Increase 5.1
2013 47,498,157 Increase 19.1 680,982 Increase 1.2 326,678 Increase 15.3
2014 48,930,409 Increase 3.0 753,899 Increase 10.7 340,821 Increase 4.3
2015 48,938,424 Steady 0.0 726,230 Decrease 3.7 354,519 Increase 4.0
2016 52,643,511 Increase 7.6 642,558 Decrease 11.5 356,614 Increase 0.6
2017 58,554,627 Increase 11.2 710,186 Increase 10.5 387,234 Increase 8.6
2018 59,988,409 Increase 2.4 714,669 Increase 0.6 399,827 Increase 3.3
Total passenger movements by countries (2018)[1]
Rank Country Passengers movement % change
2017 / 18
1  Indonesia 7,792,194 Increase 6.2
2 China 4,703,041 Increase 8.4
3  Thailand 4,212,887 Decrease 1.3
4  Singapore 4,097,000 Increase 0.3
5  India 3,250,736 Increase 7.7
6  Australia 2,343,155 Decrease 8.7
7  Vietnam 1,983,727 Increase 8.7
8  Hong Kong 1,580,320 Decrease 0.3
9  Japan 1,503,733 Increase 1.0
10  South Korea 1,302,689 Increase 32.2
Largest airlines by passengers (2018)[1]
Rank Airlines Passengers carried % market
share
1 AirAsia 22,749,737 37.9
2 Malaysia Airlines 13,403,931 22.3
3 AirAsia X 5,643,538 9.4
4 Malindo Air 4,438,320 7.4
5 Indonesia AirAsia 1,269,368 2.1
6 Emirates 861,235 1.4
7 Cathay Dragon 722,029 1.2
8 Saudia 565,768 0.9
9 SilkAir 565,158 0.9
10 Lion Air 534,406 0.9
Busiest international freight routes (2018)[1]
Rank Airport Freight
(tonnes)
% change
2017 / 18
1 Hong Kong 50,378 Decrease 11.3
2 Taipei–Taoyuan 34,800 Increase 11.7
3 Seoul–Incheon 31,708 Increase 0.5
4 Shanghai–Pudong 30,394 Decrease 16.4
5 Singapore 29,711 Decrease 2.6
6 Tokyo–Narita 28,584 Increase 9.2
7 Doha 24,177 Decrease 5.9
8 Melbourne 23,818 Increase 3.8
9 Sydney 22,464 Increase 3.0
10 Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 19,960 Increase 15.9

Ground transportation[edit]

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Aerotrain station in Satellite Building

The Aerotrain is an automated people mover (APM) that connects the airside of KLIA Main Terminal Building (MTB) and the Satellite Building. Each 250-person capacity train can transport 3,000 passengers per hour in each direction at up to 56 km/h (35 mph). These three-car driverless trains run on elevated rail and under the taxiways. The journey takes under two minutes. The Aerotrain operates between three and five-minute intervals between terminal. Automatic train controls manage the operation of the entire Aerotrain system, controlling the speeds, headways, stops and door openings in stations, and integrating functions that enhance the reliability and performance of the system.[90]

External connections[edit]

Rail[edit]

Kuala Lumpur International Airport is linked to the KL Sentral transportation hub in the city centre by the 57 km (35 mi) long Express Rail Link (ERL). There are two ERL stations at the airport: KLIA station at the Main Terminal Building and klia2 station at Gateway@klia2.

Expansion and developments[edit]

Plans[edit]

KLIA Aeropolis Masterplan

With the slight modification of the masterplan, the future Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be combined into one satellite terminal. The expansion of Terminal 2's satellite terminal will be exactly the same as Terminal 1's (the current Main Terminal) satellite terminal, where initially the satellite terminal will have four arms, and another four arms when the terminal reached its capacity. There is sufficient land and capacity to develop facilities to handle up to 97.5 million passengers a year, four runways by 2020 and two mega-terminals, each linked with satellite terminals.[6]

Summary of Kuala Lumpur International Airport Masterplan
Phase Year Description
Phase 1 1998 Initial Capacity of 25 million Passenger Per Annum
2006 Capable of Handling 35 million Passengers per annum with the construction of Low Cost Carrier Terminal
Phase 2 2008 Expansion of Low Cost Carrier Terminal to accommodate 40 Million Passengers per annum.
Phase 3 2011 New Low Cost Carrier Terminal will be constructed to accommodate additional 30 million (55 million) passengers Per Annum, Current Low Cost Carrier Terminal converted to cargo usage.
Not fixed Satellite Terminal B will be constructed to handle maximum of 75 million passengers. (One terminal accompanied by 2 satellite terminal and one low-cost carrier terminal)
Phase 4 Not fixed Terminal 2 and Satellite Terminal C will be constructed so that the airport is capable to handle 97.5 million passengers.

A380 upgrades[edit]

The operator of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia Airports Holding Berhad, had spent about RM135 million (approx) to upgrade facilities at the KL International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang to accommodate the Airbus A380. KLIA is the only airport in Malaysia that accommodate the landing and take off of the A380. Upgrading works started on 3 April 2006, and was completed by 28 May 2007. Works include the provision of shoulders on both sides of the two existing runways of 15 meters as well as the taxiways, building additional aerobridges at the three departure halls, namely C17, C27 and C37, and enhancing the mezzanine lounges for upper deck passengers of the aircraft at the departure halls. Emirates operates flights to Kuala Lumpur with the Airbus A380 commenced on 1 January 2012.[91] Malaysia Airlines also started its A380 services from Kuala Lumpur to London on 1 July 2012.[92]

Panoramic view of Main Terminal Building and Contact Pier

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Malaysia Airports: Airports Statistics 2018" (PDF). malaysiaairports. 2 April 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  2. ^ WMKK – KL INTERNATIONAL/SEPANG Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine at Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia
  3. ^ "KLIA/KLIA2". Dive Into Malaysia. 25 March 2019. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. ^ "KISHO KUROKAWA".
  5. ^ "History of KLIA". 1998. Archived from the original on 5 March 2008.
  6. ^ a b c "Phases of KLIA". 1998. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015.
  7. ^ "First Flights of Kuala Lumpur International Airport". Department of Civil Aviation KLIA Branch. 1998. Archived from the original on 9 October 2007.
  8. ^ "Boeing 747-368 - Saudi Arabian Airlines | Aviation Photo #0193201 | Airliners.net".
  9. ^ "North Korean leader's brother Kim Jong-nam 'killed' in Malaysia'". BBC News. 14 February 2017. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  10. ^ "KLIA comes to a grinding halt". The Star. 23 August 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  11. ^ "Embassy of the Syrian Arab Republic in KualaLumpur was finally able to bring the problem of Syrian citizens stranded in KLIA1". 1 April 2020.
  12. ^ "KLIA's opening marked with problems". Lim Kit Siang Media Release. July 1998.
  13. ^ "Lufthansa to resume flights to KL next March". Travel Weekly Asia. 18 December 2003. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  14. ^ "Lufthansa to discontinue Kuala Lumpur service from March 2016". vimanphotography. 17 December 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Passengers at Kuala Lumpur Airport up despite fewer airlines". Asian Economic News. 6 August 2001. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Airport Traffic Report" (PDF). 1998. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  17. ^ For KLIA2, arrivals for can only use 32L while departures can only use 14R
  18. ^ "ADS-B at Kuala Lumpur To Boost Landings, FIR Restructuring". Aviation International News. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  19. ^ "eAIP MALAYSIA". aip.dca.gov.my. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  20. ^ Check-In News, Analysis and Event. "Kuala Lumpur's StB vision". Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  21. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Recovery Plan Quarterly Update (1 Sept-30 Nov 15)." Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved on 5 May 2016.
  22. ^ Chan Tien Hin. "AirAsia Has Record Drop on Loss, Analyst Downgrade." Bloomberg L.P.. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
  23. ^ "Location Map Archived 1 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine." MASkargo. Retrieved 22 February 2010. "Malaysia Airlines Cargo Sdn. Bhd. 1M, Zone C, Advanced Cargo Centre KLIA Free Commercial Zone, Southern Support Zone Kuala Lumpur International Airport 64000 Sepang Selangor, Malaysia "
  24. ^ "Contact Information Archived 9 August 2017 at the Wayback Machine." Malaysia Airports. Retrieved 23 May 2011. "Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad Malaysia Airports Corporate Office, Persiaran Korporat KLIA, 64000 KLIA, Sepang, Selangor."
  25. ^ "Contact." Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved 31 October 2012. "MAS Golden Boutiques Sdn. Bhd. 1st Floor, MAS Flight Management Building 64000 Sepang, Kuala Lumpur International Airport Selangor, Malaysia"
  26. ^ "Kisho Kurokawa".
  27. ^ "KLIA Introduces Integrated Self Check in Kiosks for Benefits of Passengers". Air Transport News. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012.
  28. ^ "KLIA partners with SITA to be the first fully integrated Airport in Asia". Archived from the original on 29 October 2006. Retrieved 21 September 2005.
  29. ^ "KLIA increase WiFi range". CAPA. Archived from the original on 27 January 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  30. ^ "At KLIA: Old Malaya Kopitiam's signature Nyonya Laksa". www.tenthousandstrangers.com. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
  31. ^ "9 firms shortlisted for KLIA retail expansion project". NST. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
  32. ^ "Flight Check-In at KL Sentral". KLIA Ekspres. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  33. ^ "klia2 receives ICAO nod, first landing". Archived from the original on 25 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  34. ^ "klia2 overview". Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  35. ^ "klia2.info – Kuala Lumpur International Airport 2 (klia2)". Retrieved 25 May 2022.
  36. ^ "klia2 opens to public". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  37. ^ "About gateway@klia2". Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  38. ^ "Public invited to tour and experience klia2 before May 2 opening". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  39. ^ "klia2 Coming Soon". Archived from the original on 26 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014.
  40. ^ a b c d e f "AirAsia May - Oct 2022 International Operations Update - 08MAY22". Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  41. ^ "Tambang Murah dan Khidmat Yang Baik Dengan AirAsia | eXplorasa". Explorasa.my. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  42. ^ Sabin, Brook (18 July 2022). "Air Asia launches $169 trans-Tasman flights — promising more competition". Stuff. Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  43. ^ Karp, Aaron. "AirAsia X Rebuilding Network After Two-Year Grounding". Routes. Informa Markets. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  44. ^ a b c d Schofield, Adrian (15 June 2022). "AirAsia X Reveals Plans to Rebuild International Network". Routes. Informa Markets. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  45. ^ a b "AirAsia X Resumes Auckland / Melbourne Service In Nov 2022".
  46. ^ "AirAsia X Resumes Sydney Service From Sep 2022". Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  47. ^ "Batik Air Resumes Jakarta – Kuala Lumpur Service late-June 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  48. ^ "KBatik Air Opens Roundtrip Route for Medan Kualanamu-Kuala Lumpur Start from July 25, 2022".
  49. ^ "Batik Air Malaysia 3Q 2022 India restorations".
  50. ^ "Batik Air restores network to Mumbai, Kochi and Bangalore".
  51. ^ "Batik Air Malaysia Resumes Melbourne from mid-June 2022".
  52. ^ a b "Batik Air Malaysia Plans Ho Chi Minh City / Surabaya Resumption in 3Q22".
  53. ^ "Malindo Air jets off to Johor Bahru". Anna.aero. 17 May 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  54. ^ "Batik Air Malaysia 3Q 2022 India restorations".
  55. ^ "Batik Air expands Indian network coverage to Amritsar and Kolkata".
  56. ^ "Batik Air Malaysia Resumes Melbourne from mid-June 2022". Aeroroutes. 13 May 2022.
  57. ^ "BATIK AIR MALAYSIA RESUMES PHUKET SERVICE FROM AUGUST 2022". Aeroroutes. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  58. ^ "Malindo Air schedules Sydney launch in mid-August 2019". routesonline. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  59. ^ Liu, Jim. "Malindo Air 1Q20 Domestic network addition". Routesonline.
  60. ^ "Cathay Pacific to take over Kuala Lumpur flights of Cathay Dragon". www.executivetraveller.com. 27 November 2020.
  61. ^ "Trichy: Indigo to Operate Daily Flight on Trichy-kuala Lumpur Route". The Times of India. Mumbai. Times News Network.
  62. ^ https://www.goindigo.in/booking/flight-select.html[bare URL]
  63. ^ Staff writers (20 April 2020). "Jetstar Asia to resume some flights to Manila, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur". CNA. Mediacorp. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  64. ^ "Kuwait Airways Revises Kuala Lumpur Resumption in Oct 2022".
  65. ^ "Lanmei Airlines adds new SE Asia routes in late-March 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  66. ^ "Malaysia Airlines expands international network with new direct flight to Doha". 10 May 2022.
  67. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). www.malaysiaairlines.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 September 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  68. ^ Shahlia Aman, Azhanis (20 May 2022). "Malaysia Airlines Launches Direct Flights Kuala Lumpur-Tokyo Haneda". The New Straits Times. Kuala Lumpur: Media Prima Berhad. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  69. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Schedules Sapporo Charter in Dec 2022". Retrieved 11 August 2022.
  70. ^ "Malaysia Airlines Adds Uzbekistan Charters From July 2022". Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  71. ^ "Maldivian Schedules Malaysia Service in July 2022". Retrieved 13 June 2022.
  72. ^ Uploader. "PIA's flight operation for Kuala Lumpur from Oct 14 | Associated Press Of Pakistan". Archived from the original on 6 February 2020. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  73. ^ "PIA Resumes Service Between Lahore & Kuala Lumpur". 27 June 2022.
  74. ^ "Philippines AirAsia June - October 2022 International Service Update - 29MAY22". Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  75. ^ "STARLUX will expand network to Kuala Lumpur!". STARLUX Airlines. 27 November 2020. Archived from the original on 18 June 2021.
  76. ^ "Taiwan's StarLux launch flights to Kuala Lumpur on Jan. 5". www.taiwannews.com.tw. 28 November 2020.
  77. ^ "Thai AirAsia to Operate Kuala Lumpur Flights from BKK and DMK". Travel News Asia. Retrieved 27 May 2022.
  78. ^ "Vietjet Air | Bay là thích ngay! | Website chính thức".
  79. ^ "Vietnam Airlines Adds da Nang – Kuala Lumpur Route from July 2022".
  80. ^ Flightradar24. "LX-VCL - Boeing 747-8R7(F) - Cargolux". Flightradar24. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  81. ^ "MASKargo Fleet & Network". MASKargo. Retrieved 1 November 2019.
  82. ^ a b "MASKargo adds new intra-Asia routing in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  83. ^ a b "MasKargo adds new China service in Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  84. ^ "Menzies Macau welcomes MASkargo as a new Cargo customer". Menziesaviation.com. 26 January 2018. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  85. ^ "Network". maskargo.com.
  86. ^ "MAB Kargo partners Azerbaijan carrier to expand cargo network". 17 March 2016.
  87. ^ "Turkish Cargo launching 777F service to Kuala Lumpur". Air Cargo World. 18 October 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  88. ^ Flightradar24. "N447UP - Boeing 757-24APF - UPS Airlines - Flightradar24".
  89. ^ "Transport Statistics Malaysia 2018: Table 4.12 Traffic Movements Between Malaysian Airports (Including Singapore), 2018" (PDF). Ministry of Transport Malaysia. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  90. ^ "Kuala Lumpur International". Kiat.net. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  91. ^ "MAHB upgrade KLIA to take in A380". NST. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  92. ^ "First Malaysia Airlines' A380 Revealed in Full Special Livery – Very encouraging demand for seats on Malaysia Airlines A380 flights". Malaysia Airlines. Retrieved 17 November 2012.

External links[edit]