Electric Train Service
KTM Class 93 leaving Pulau Sebang/Tampin railway station
|Native name||Perkhidmatan Keretapi Elektrik|
|Locale||Padang Besar - Butterworth - Ipoh - Kuala Lumpur - Gemas - (Opening in 2020) Johor Bahru|
|Daily ridership||9,740 (2016)|
|Ridership||3.565 million (2016)
|Operator(s)||KTM Intercity Division|
|Conduction system||With driver|
|Rolling stock||5 six-car trainset of KTM Class 91
10 six-car trainset of KTM Class 93
|Line length||755 km (Padang Besar-Gemas)
197 km (Gemas-Johor Bahru Sentral) u/c
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
|Operating speed||140 km/h (87 mph)|
KTM ETS route network
The KTM ETS, commercially known as ETS which stands for "Electric Train Service", is an inter-city rail service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad utilizing electric multiple units. The KTM ETS is the second electric train service to be operated by the Malaysian railway company, after the KTM Komuter service.
It is the fastest metre gauge train service in Malaysia that currently operates along the electrified and double-tracked stretch of the West Coast Line between Gemas and Padang Besar on the Malaysia-Thai border by the Malaysian national railway operator, Keretapi Tanah Melayu.
The trains travel up to 140 km/h (87 mph) on electrified metre gauge rail line which can be considered as higher speed rail (HrSR) based on passenger rail terminology instead of high speed rail (HSR). The speed is similar to that of the Kamome Express and Sonic Express in Japan, the Taroko Express and Puyuma Express in Taiwan, and the Tilt Train service in Australia.
However these services use the 1,067mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge. In view of this, there is high possibility KTM ETS service is the only one inter-city rail line recorded in the world using 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge at maximum speed of 140 km/h.
The rail service is currently operated by KTM Intercity Division. It was previously operated by ETS Sendirian Berhad, a fully owned subsidiary of Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad.
It was introduced by Keretapi Tanah Melayu on 12 August 2010 following the completion of the electrification and double-tracking of the Rawang to Ipoh stretch of the West Coast Line of Peninsular Malaysia. The service was the progressively extended to other sections of the West Coast Line when subsequent electrification and double-tracking works were completed.
The service was extended from Ipoh to Padang Besar via Butterworth, the mainland town opposite George Town, with the introduction of the ETS Transit on 10 July 2015, with stops at 24 stations. At the inception of service, only one train service in both directions were introduced. On the following day on 11 July 2015, the ETS Express between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, via Butterworth was introduced, with stops at 15 stations. Again, only one service for both directions were introduced.
Subsequently, on 1 September 2015, an addition service between KL Sentral and Butterworth was introduced, and on 10 October 2015, this service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas, together with the introduction of a new service between Padang Besar and Gemas. The extension of the KTM ETS service to Gemas utilizes the electrified double-track between Seremban and Gemas which was completed in 2014.
Also on 10 October 2015, a new service was launched between Butterworth and Padang Besar in addition to existing services but this service was subsequently reduced in frequency with the launching of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector.
There have been several revisions of timetables and services since then as more trains became available. The Platinum, Gold and Silver service classes were reintroduced while the terms "ETS Ekspres" and "ETS Transit" are no longer used.
The following train service numbering system has been adopted for the KTM ETS:
- EG920x, EG921x and EG922x for Gold Services departing from or ending at Padang Besar, except for EG9201/EG9202 between Butterworth and Gemas, EG9216 from Seremban to Butterworth, and EG9217 from Butterworth to Ipoh.
- EP921x for Platinum Services departing from or terminating at Padang Besar
- EG923x and EG924x for Gold Services departing from or terminating at Butterworth
- EP923x and EP924x for Platinum Services departing from or terminating at Butterworth
- EG93xx for Gold Services between KL Sentral and Ipoh
- ES94xx for Silver Services between KL Sentral and Ipoh
- EG95xx for services between Ipoh and Padang Besar
KL Sentral - Ipoh
The KL Sentral-Ipoh ETS service was the first to be launched in August 2010 with the completion of the Rawang-Ipoh Electrification and Double-Tracking Project. The service initially included the sector between KL Sentral and Seremban but was discontinued in October 2012.
Trains operating on this section are currently classed as either ETS Gold with service numbers EG93xx, or ETS Silver with service numbers ES93xx. ETS Gold trains take 2 hours and 20 minutes between KL Sentral and Ipoh, stopping at 10 stations (not including starting station), while ETS Silver trains take 2 hours 30 minutes with stops at 14 stations (again, not including starting station).
Currently, there are 5 ETS Gold from KL Sentral to Ipoh and 6 ETS Gold services on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral route. As for the ETS Silver services, there are 2 for the KL Sentral to Ipoh run, and 1 on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral run.
Prior to October 2012, ETS Gold trains did not stop at Tapah Road and Sungkai, taking 2 hours 15 minutes. As of 2014, the Gold service stopped at the two stations but no longer stopped at the Sungai Buloh railway station, Kuala Kubu Bharu railway station and Behrang railway station. A platinum service was also in operation which travelled non-stop from Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh in 1 hour 58 minutes, but was removed with the new timetable rescheduling.
|Railway Station||Gold Service||Silver Service||Gold Service||Silver Service||Gold Service|
|Kuala Kubu Bharu||-||1321||-||-||-||2146||-||-|
|Railway Station||Gold Service||Silver Service||Gold Service|
|Kuala Kubu Bharu||-||-||-||1200||-||-||-||-|
Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar
The service between Ipoh and Padang Besar via Butterworth was the second KTM ETS service to be launched by Keretapi Tanah Melayu. It began operating on 10 July 2015, one day before the service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar. The service was originally branded as the ETS Transit.
Train on the Ipoh-Butterworth-Padang Besar sector have numbers EG95xx.
At the time of launch, only one ETS Transit was available for each direction between Ipoh and Padang Besar, with service provided by one train set. On 10 October 2015, an additional service between Butterworth and Padang Besar began operating.
When launched on 10 July 2015, the one-way journey took between 4 hours 15 minutes and 4 hours 50 minutes with stops at all 23 stations between Ipoh and Padang Besar, including twice at Bukit Mertajam and Bukit Tengah on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line. However, a new schedule on 1 September 2015 saw the Simpang Ampat and Bukit Tengah stations being skipped.
On 1 January 2016, the service between Butterworth and Padang Besar (EG 9501 and EG 9502) were scrapped with the introduction of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector run along this section. The remaining Ipoh-Padang Besar service (EG 9500 and 9603) were also reduced to running between Mondays and Thursdays.
On 1 August 2017, the new schedule published by KTMB no longer include this service. All service between Ipoh-Butterworth-Padang Besar are served by Gemas-Butterworth service or Gemas-Padang Besar service.
|Train direction||Ipoh - Padang Besar||Padang Besar - Ipoh|
|Train No||EG 9500||EG 9503|
Gemas - KL Sentral - Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar
When launched, it was called the ETS Ekspres service, and only one trip a day was put on due to the limited availability of rolling stock. The one-way journey took between 5 hours 15 minutes and 5 hours 30 minutes with stopped at 14 stations, including twice at Bukit Mertajam due to the station being on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line.
On 1 September 2015, an additional service for each direction between KL Sentral and Butterworth was launched. This service made more stops between KL Sentral and Ipoh, and one additional stop at Kamunting between Ipoh and Butterworth, compared to the earlier KL Sentral-Padang Besar service.
The fourth phase of expansion for the KTM ETS took place on 10 October 2015 when the service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas. This saw the KTM ETS service returning to Seremban after being discontinued in 2012.
The Gemas-Padang Besar run skips the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch completely, and proceeds straight from Nibong Tebal to Sungai Petani (and vice versa) via the third side of the triangular Bukit Mertajam Junction, which was constructed as part the Ipoh-Padang Besar Electrification and Double-Tracking Project.
Besides the new Gemas-Padang Besar service, the previous timetable was also revamped and on the same day, the KL Sentral-Butterworth (EG9205/EG9206) service was extended southwards to Gemas and given new service numbers.
Starting 1 August 2017, ETS trains operating between Gemas and Padang Besar bear train service numbers EG90xx, EG92xx, EG94xx and EG95xx for ETS Gold service, and EP90xx, EP92xx, EP94xx and EP95xx for ETS Platinum service.
|Bandar Tasik Selatan||0927||1555||1657||2307|
|Bandar Tasik Selatan||1214||1456||-||0132|
|Class||No. Built||Cars per Set||In service||Manufacturer|
|KTM Class 91||5||6||5||Hyundai Rotem|
|KTM Class 93||10||6||10||CSR Zhuzhou|
Five KTM Class 91 train sets, each comprising six cars, were purchased by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad for $67 million (USD). The train sets were designed by Marubeni Corporation and jointly built by Hyundai Rotem of Korea and Mitsubishi Electric of Japan. The maximum operational speed of the ETS fleet is 140 km/h but is designed to travel up to 160 km/h. The total length of each train set is 138 m and weighs 231.8 tons. Each carriage is 22.95 m long, 2.75 m wide and 4 m high. Each train set has a passenger seating capacity of 350 and includes on-board facilities including toilets, a buffet car, power sockets per two seats and two LED Televisions per car.
Ten KTM Class 93 train sets, are in the process of being commissioned to expand ETS service.
The rolling stock were to have been put into operation for the launch of the ETS Ekspres service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, and the ETS Transit service between Ipoh and Padang Besar. However, reports of problems during the testing and commissioning of the train sets had resulted in the Malaysian land public transport regulator, SPAD, not approving the trains for use in time for the launch of the two services on 10 July 2015 and 11 July 2015.
As a result, two KTM Class 91 train sets were used for some time, one for the ETS Ekspres, and the other for the ETS Transit, allowing for just one trip for each direction for both services.
The first four KTM Class 93 sets went into service mainly on the ETS Ekspres route on 10 October 2015
Gemas to Johor Bahru.
Padang Besar to Hatyai
- Keretapi Tanah Melayu
- Rail transport in Malaysia
- Public transport in Kuala Lumpur
- "JADUAL 2.1 : STATISTIK TRAFIK KERETAPI TANAH MELAYU BERHAD (KTMB), SUKU KEEMPAT, 2016" [Table 2.1 : Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Traffic Statistics, Fourth Quarter, 2016] (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Recent scheduling ETS Services". KTM Intercity. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "KL-Padang Besar electric train starts run today". The Star. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2015. External link in
- "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 1 September 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 1 September 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 10 Oktober 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 10 October 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- Based on timetable available at http://homepage.ktmb.com.my/ktmb/index.php?r=portal/left&id=NkE5YnRiamg4ZjdGY0lmUVE4cWJhUT09&sub=cEdPVDZma1o0MmU0VlpRQloxWkh5QT09
- "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Notice" (PDF). KTM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
- "KTM BERHAD". www.ktmb.com.my. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
- "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
- "Restructuring of the timetable for Intercity and ETS trains beginning 1 September 2015 (in Malay)" (PDF). Keretapi Tanah Melayu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "Marubeni Gets $67 Million Malaysia Train-Car Order, Nikkei Says". Bloomberg. Bloomberg. 26 October 2008.
- "Electric trains to reduce travel time". The Star. Central. 24 August 2010.
- "Electric Train Set". Malaya Railway.
- Meng Yew Choong (19 July 2015). "Manufacturer working hard to solve issues with new ETS sets before official handover". The Star. Retrieved 20 July 2015. External link in