KTM ETS

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Padang Besar-Gemas
Electric Train Service
 ETS 
KTM ETS logo.jpg
ETS 5.jpg
Overview
Native name Perkhidmatan Keretapi Elektrik
Type Inter-city rail
Locale Padang Besar - Butterworth - Ipoh - Kuala Lumpur - Gemas - (Opening in 2020) Johor Bahru
Stations 44
Daily ridership 9,740 (2016)
Ridership 3.565 million (2016)[1]
(Increase 73.1%)
Website ktmb.com.my
Operation
Opened August 2010; 7 years ago (2010-08)
Owner KTM
Operator(s) KTM Intercity Division
Conduction system With driver
Rolling stock 5 six-car trainset of KTM Class 91
10 six-car trainset of KTM Class 93
Technical
Line length 755 km (Padang Besar-Gemas)
197 km (Gemas-Johor Bahru Sentral) u/c
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Operating speed 140 km/h (87 mph)
Interior of KTM Class 91.
Interior of KTM Class 93.

The KTM ETS, commercially known as ETS which stands for "Electric Train Service", is an inter-city rail service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad utilizing electric multiple units. The KTM ETS is the second electric train service to be operated by the Malaysian railway company, after the KTM Komuter service.

It is the fastest metre gauge train service in Malaysia that currently operates along the electrified and double-tracked stretch of the West Coast Line between Gemas and Padang Besar on the Malaysia-Thai border by the Malaysian national railway operator, Keretapi Tanah Melayu.

The trains travel up to 140 km/h (87 mph) on electrified metre gauge rail line which can be considered as higher speed rail (HrSR) based on passenger rail terminology instead of high speed rail (HSR). The speed is similar to that of the Kamome Express and Sonic Express in Japan, the Taroko Express and Puyuma Express in Taiwan, and the Tilt Train service in Australia.

However these services use the 1,067mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge. In view of this, there is high possibility KTM ETS service is the only one inter-city rail line recorded in the world using 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge at maximum speed of 140 km/h.

The rail service is currently operated by KTM Intercity Division. It was previously operated by ETS Sendirian Berhad, a fully owned subsidiary of Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad.

Background[edit]

It was introduced by Keretapi Tanah Melayu on 12 August 2010 following the completion of the electrification and double-tracking of the Rawang to Ipoh stretch of the West Coast Line of Peninsular Malaysia. The service was the progressively extended to other sections of the West Coast Line when subsequent electrification and double-tracking works were completed.

Train services[edit]

Launched in August 2010, the service originally operated between Ipoh and Seremban but the KL Sentral-Seremban sector was taken out of service in October 2012.[2]

The service was extended from Ipoh to Padang Besar via Butterworth, the mainland town opposite George Town, with the introduction of the ETS Transit on 10 July 2015, with stops at 24 stations. At the inception of service, only one train service in both directions were introduced. On the following day on 11 July 2015, the ETS Express between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, via Butterworth was introduced, with stops at 15 stations. Again, only one service for both directions were introduced.[3]

Subsequently, on 1 September 2015, an addition service between KL Sentral and Butterworth was introduced,[4] and on 10 October 2015, this service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas, together with the introduction of a new service between Padang Besar and Gemas.[5] The extension of the KTM ETS service to Gemas utilizes the electrified double-track between Seremban and Gemas which was completed in 2014.

Also on 10 October 2015, a new service was launched between Butterworth and Padang Besar in addition to existing services but this service was subsequently reduced in frequency with the launching of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector.

There have been several revisions of timetables and services since then as more trains became available. The Platinum, Gold and Silver service classes were reintroduced while the terms "ETS Ekspres" and "ETS Transit" are no longer used.

The following train service numbering system has been adopted for the KTM ETS:

KL Sentral - Ipoh[edit]

The KL Sentral-Ipoh ETS service was the first to be launched in August 2010 with the completion of the Rawang-Ipoh Electrification and Double-Tracking Project. The service initially included the sector between KL Sentral and Seremban but was discontinued in October 2012.

Trains operating on this section are currently classed as either ETS Gold with service numbers EG93xx, or ETS Silver with service numbers ES93xx. ETS Gold trains take 2 hours and 20 minutes between KL Sentral and Ipoh, stopping at 10 stations (not including starting station), while ETS Silver trains take 2 hours 30 minutes with stops at 14 stations (again, not including starting station).

Currently, there are 5 ETS Gold from KL Sentral to Ipoh and 6 ETS Gold services on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral route. As for the ETS Silver services, there are 2 for the KL Sentral to Ipoh run, and 1 on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral run.[6]

Prior to October 2012, ETS Gold trains did not stop at Tapah Road and Sungkai, taking 2 hours 15 minutes. As of 2014, the Gold service stopped at the two stations but no longer stopped at the Sungai Buloh railway station, Kuala Kubu Bharu railway station and Behrang railway station. A platinum service was also in operation which travelled non-stop from Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh in 1 hour 58 minutes, but was removed with the new timetable rescheduling.

Railway Station Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service
EG9302 ES9352 EG9304 EG9306 EG9308 ES9354 EG9310 EG9312
KL Sentral 0830 1220 1400 1600 1850 2045 2215 2245
Kuala Lumpur 0835 1225 1405 1605 1855 2050 2220 2250
Kepong Sentral 0847 1239 1417 1617 1907 2104 2232 2302
Sungai Buloh - 1247 - - - 2112 - -
Rawang 0907 1302 1437 1637 1927 2127 2252 2322
Batang Kali - 1318 - - - 2143 - -
Kuala Kubu Bharu - 1321 - - - 2146 - -
Tanjung Malim 0938 1334 1508 1708 1958 2159 2323 2353
Behrang - 1342 - - - 2207 - -
Slim River 0953 1349 1523 1723 2013 2214 2338 0008
Sungkai 1006 1404 1536 1736 2026 2229 2351 0021
Tapah Road 1018 1418 1548 1748 2038 2243 0003 0033
Kampar 1027 1440 1557 1757 2047 2255 0012 0042
Batu Gajah 1038 1450 1608 1808 2038 2305 0023 0053
Ipoh 1048 1505 1618 1818 2026 2315 0033 0103
Railway Station Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service
EG9301 EG9303 EG9305 ES9351 EG9307 EG9309 EG9311 EG9313
Ipoh 0505 0725 0900 1030 1300 1530 1745 1915
Batu Gajah 0516 0736 0911 1041 1311 1541 1756 1926
Kampar 0526 0746 0921 1051 1321 1551 1806 1936
Tapah Road 0538 0758 0933 1103 1333 1603 1818 1948
Sungkai 0551 0811 0946 1117 1346 1616 1831 2001
Slim River 0606 0826 1001 1132 1401 1631 1846 2016
Behrang - - - 1139 - - - -
Tanjung Malim 0620 0840 1015 1147 1415 1645 1900 2030
Kuala Kubu Bharu - - - 1200 - - - -
Batang Kali - - - 1206 - - - -
Rawang 0649 0908 1043 1219 1443 1713 1928 2058
Sungai Buloh - - - 1236 - - - -
Kepong Sentral 0710 0929 1104 1246 1504 1734 1952 2118
Kuala Lumpur 0723 0942 1117 1300 1517 1747 2008 2132
KL Sentral 0727 0947 1122 1305 1522 1752 2013 2137

.

Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar[edit]

Butterworth-bound ETS Ekspres train from Padang Besar at Bukit Mertajam station on 6 August 2015.

The service between Ipoh and Padang Besar via Butterworth was the second KTM ETS service to be launched by Keretapi Tanah Melayu. It began operating on 10 July 2015, one day before the service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar.[7] The service was originally branded as the ETS Transit.

Train on the Ipoh-Butterworth-Padang Besar sector have numbers EG95xx.

At the time of launch, only one ETS Transit was available for each direction between Ipoh and Padang Besar, with service provided by one train set. On 10 October 2015, an additional service between Butterworth and Padang Besar began operating.

When launched on 10 July 2015, the one-way journey took between 4 hours 15 minutes and 4 hours 50 minutes with stops at all 23 stations between Ipoh and Padang Besar, including twice at Bukit Mertajam and Bukit Tengah on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line. However, a new schedule on 1 September 2015 saw the Simpang Ampat and Bukit Tengah stations being skipped.

On 1 January 2016, the service between Butterworth and Padang Besar (EG 9501 and EG 9502) were scrapped with the introduction of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector run along this section.[8] The remaining Ipoh-Padang Besar service (EG 9500 and 9603) were also reduced to running between Mondays and Thursdays.

On 1 August 2017, the new schedule published by KTMB no longer include this service. All service between Ipoh-Butterworth-Padang Besar are served by Gemas-Butterworth service or Gemas-Padang Besar service.[9]

Train direction Ipoh - Padang Besar Padang Besar - Ipoh
Train No EG 9500 EG 9503
Ipoh 0530 2055
Tasek 0537 2048
Sungai Siput 0548 2037
Kuala Kangsar 0559 2026
Padang Rengas 0606 2019
Taiping 0620 2005
Kamunting 0625 2000
Bagan Serai 0642 1943
Parit Buntar 0649 1936
Nibong Tebal 0653 1932
Bukit Mertajam 0707 1918
Butterworth 0728 1908
Bukit Mertajam 0737 1848
Tasek Gelugor 0748 1837
Sungai Petani 0757 1828
Gurun 0808 1817
Kobah 0817 1808
Alor Setar 0830 1755
Anak Bukit 0835 1750
Kodiang 0847 1738
Arau 0853 1733
Bukit Ketri 0859 1727
Padang Besar 0910 1715

Gemas - KL Sentral - Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar[edit]

The KTM Class 93 ETS train No 203 leaving Pulau Sebang/Tampin heading towards Gemas at 1435 on 1 November 2015.
A KTM ETS Class 91 at Butterworth just before departing for KL Sentral at 1738 on 6 August 2015.

The third phase of the KTM ETS began operating between KL Sentral and Padang Besar when it was launched on 11 July 2015, one day after the Ipoh-Padang Besar service.[10]

When launched, it was called the ETS Ekspres service, and only one trip a day was put on due to the limited availability of rolling stock. The one-way journey took between 5 hours 15 minutes and 5 hours 30 minutes with stopped at 14 stations, including twice at Bukit Mertajam due to the station being on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line.

On 1 September 2015, an additional service for each direction between KL Sentral and Butterworth was launched. This service made more stops between KL Sentral and Ipoh, and one additional stop at Kamunting between Ipoh and Butterworth, compared to the earlier KL Sentral-Padang Besar service.[11]

The fourth phase of expansion for the KTM ETS took place on 10 October 2015 when the service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas. This saw the KTM ETS service returning to Seremban after being discontinued in 2012.

The Gemas-Padang Besar run skips the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch completely, and proceeds straight from Nibong Tebal to Sungai Petani (and vice versa) via the third side of the triangular Bukit Mertajam Junction, which was constructed as part the Ipoh-Padang Besar Electrification and Double-Tracking Project.

Besides the new Gemas-Padang Besar service, the previous timetable was also revamped and on the same day, the KL Sentral-Butterworth (EG9205/EG9206) service was extended southwards to Gemas and given new service numbers.

Starting 1 August 2017, ETS trains operating between Gemas and Padang Besar bear train service numbers EG90xx, EG92xx, EG94xx and EG95xx for ETS Gold service, and EP90xx, EP92xx, EP94xx and EP95xx for ETS Platinum service.

Train direction North-bound
Train No EG9020 EP9006 EP9202 EG9512 EP9008 EP9204 EG9024 EG9412 EG9514 EG9214 EG9216 EG9520
Gemas 0730 1500 2110
Batang Melaka 0743 1512 -
Pulau Sebang/Tampin 0755 1525 2135
Seremban 0828 1558 2208
Kajang 0911 1540 1641 -
Bandar Tasik Selatan 0927 1555 1657 2307
KL Sentral 0705 0800 0900 0944 1042 1130 1315 1618 1717 1953 2130 2327
Kuala Lumpur 0711 0806 0906 0949 1048 1136 1321 1624 1723 1959 2136 2333
Sungai Buloh - - - 1005 - 1155 1337 - - - - -
Rawang - - - - - - 1352 - - - - -
Tanjung Malim 0811 - 1049 - - 1421 1723 1830 2106 2243 0035
Tapah Road 0850 - - 1128 - - 1500 1802 1909 2145 2322 0114
Kampar 0901 - - 1139 - - 1511 1813 1920 2156 2333 0125
Batu Gajah 0913 1005 1109 1151 1248 1339 1523 1825 1932 2208 2345 0137
Ipoh 0926 1017 1121 1204 1259 1351 1536 1838 1944 2221 2356 0150
Sungai Siput - - - 1224 - - - 1857 - - - -
Kuala Kangsar 0957 1047 1151 1235 1329 1421 1607 1909 2016 2252 0029 0221
Taiping 1017 1106 1210 1255 1348 1440 1627 1929 2036 2312 0049 0241
Bagan Serai 1039 - - - - - - - 2058 - - -
Parit Buntar 1047 - 1238 1325 - - 1657 1959 2106 2342 0119 0311
Bukit Mertajam - - 1254 - - 1524 - 2016 - 2359 0136 -
Butterworth - - 1302 - - 1532 - 2024 - 0007 0144 -
Tasek Gelugor 1110 - 1348 - - - -
Sungai Petani 1121 1207 1359 1449 1731 2140 0345
Gurun 1132 - - - - 2151 -
Alor Setar 1150 1236 1428 1518 1800 2209 0414
Anak Bukit 1157 - 1435 - 1807 2216 0421
Arau 1213 1256 1451 1538 1823 2232 0437
Padang Besar 1235 1315 1510 1557 1845 2250 0500
Train direction South-bound
Train No EP9201 EG9211 EG9113 EG9021 EP9401 EP9203 EP9501 EP9007 EG9215 EG9019 EP9009 EG9525
Padang Besar 0645 0913 1255 1358 1543 1655 1940
Arau 0704 0931 1313 1416 1602 1713 1959
Anak Bukit 0720 - - - 1618 - 2015
Alor Setar 0727 0951 1332 1436 1625 1733 2022
Gurun 0744 - - - 1642 - -
Sungai Petani 0757 1020 1401 1505 1655 1802 2052
Tasek Gelugor - - 1410 - 1704 - -
Butterworth 0445 0610 0733 - - 1330 - - 1605 - - -
Bukit Mertajam 0454 0620 0744 - - 1339 - - 1616 - - -
Parit Buntar 0507 0636 0759 0831 - - - - 1631 1729 - 2126
Bagan Serai - - 0805 - - - - - - 1735 - -
Taiping 0536 0706 0829 0901 1121 1421 1501 1606 1701 1759 1903 2156
Kuala Kangsar 0555 0726 0849 0921 1140 1440 1520 1625 1721 1819 1922 2216
Sungai Siput - 0737 - - - - - - - - - 2227
Ipoh 0627 0759 0922 0954 1212 1512 1552 1657 1754 1852 1954 2249
Batu Gajah 0638 0811 0934 1006 1223 1523 1603 1708 1806 1904 2005 2301
Kampar - 0823 0946 1018 - - - - 1818 1916 - 2313
Tapah Road - 0834 0957 1029 - - - - 1829 1927 - 2324
Tanjung Malim - 0913 1036 1108 - - - - 1908 2006 - 0003
Rawang - - - 1138 - - - - - - - -
Sungai Buloh - - 1123 1151 - - 1742 - - - - -
Kuala Lumpur 0846 1026 1148 1213 1433 1731 1803 1908 2021 2111 2205 0107
KL Sentral 0850 1030 1158 1218 1443 1735 1813 1913 2025 2116 2210 0117
Bandar Tasik Selatan 1214 1456 - 0132
Kajang 1229 1510 1839 -
Seremban 1313 1923 0233
Pulau Sebang/Tampin 1349 1956 0307
Batang Melaka 1402 - 0321
Gemas 1415 2020 0333

Rolling stock[edit]

Class No. Built Cars per Set In service Manufacturer
KTM Class 91 5 6 5 Hyundai Rotem
KTM Class 93 10 6 10 CSR Zhuzhou

First Generation[edit]

Five KTM Class 91 train sets, each comprising six cars, were purchased by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad for $67 million (USD). The train sets were designed by Marubeni Corporation and jointly built by Hyundai Rotem of Korea and Mitsubishi Electric of Japan.[12] The maximum operational speed of the ETS fleet is 140 km/h but is designed to travel up to 160 km/h.[13] The total length of each train set is 138 m and weighs 231.8 tons. Each carriage is 22.95 m long, 2.75 m wide and 4 m high.[14] Each train set has a passenger seating capacity of 350 and includes on-board facilities including toilets, a buffet car, power sockets per two seats and two LED Televisions per car.

Second Generation[edit]

Ten KTM Class 93 train sets, are in the process of being commissioned to expand ETS service.

The rolling stock were to have been put into operation for the launch of the ETS Ekspres service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, and the ETS Transit service between Ipoh and Padang Besar. However, reports of problems during the testing and commissioning of the train sets had resulted in the Malaysian land public transport regulator, SPAD, not approving the trains for use in time for the launch of the two services on 10 July 2015 and 11 July 2015.[15]

As a result, two KTM Class 91 train sets were used for some time, one for the ETS Ekspres, and the other for the ETS Transit, allowing for just one trip for each direction for both services.

The first four KTM Class 93 sets went into service mainly on the ETS Ekspres route on 10 October 2015

Proposed extension[edit]

Gemas to Johor Bahru.

Padang Besar to Hatyai

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JADUAL 2.1 : STATISTIK TRAFIK KERETAPI TANAH MELAYU BERHAD (KTMB), SUKU KEEMPAT, 2016" [Table 2.1 : Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Traffic Statistics, Fourth Quarter, 2016] (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  2. ^ "Recent scheduling ETS Services". KTM Intercity. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "KL-Padang Besar electric train starts run today". The Star. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 1 September 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 1 September 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 10 Oktober 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 10 October 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 November 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Based on timetable available at http://homepage.ktmb.com.my/ktmb/index.php?r=portal/left&id=NkE5YnRiamg4ZjdGY0lmUVE4cWJhUT09&sub=cEdPVDZma1o0MmU0VlpRQloxWkh5QT09
  7. ^ "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Notice" (PDF). KTM. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "KTM BERHAD". www.ktmb.com.my. Retrieved 2017-09-10. 
  10. ^ "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Restructuring of the timetable for Intercity and ETS trains beginning 1 September 2015 (in Malay)" (PDF). Keretapi Tanah Melayu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Marubeni Gets $67 Million Malaysia Train-Car Order, Nikkei Says". Bloomberg. Bloomberg. 26 October 2008. 
  13. ^ "Electric trains to reduce travel time". The Star. Central. 24 August 2010. 
  14. ^ "Electric Train Set". Malaya Railway. 
  15. ^ Meng Yew Choong (19 July 2015). "Manufacturer working hard to solve issues with new ETS sets before official handover". The Star. Retrieved 20 July 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)