Kualanamu International Airport
|Kualanamu International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Kualanamu
|IATA: KNO – ICAO: WIMM|
|Owner||Government of Indonesia|
|Operator||PT Angkasa Pura II|
|Location||Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia|
|Opened||25 July 2013 (operational)
27 March 2014 (official)
|Elevation AMSL||23 ft / 7,01 m|
Sumatra region in Indonesia
Kualanamu International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Kualanamu) (IATA: KNO, ICAO: WIMM) is a newly constructed international airport, named after its location at Kuala Namu, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra, Indonesia, 39 kilometers from Medan, replacing Polonia International Airport. The airport is located on the site of what was previously an oil palm plantation of PT. Perkebunan Nusantara II Tanjung Morawa. The airport is expected to become the new international transit center in Sumatra and the western part of Indonesia, which it is the second largest airport after Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, but the first airport which has a direct rail link to Medan city, the capital of North Sumatra. It is part of Indonesia's central government's program under "Masterplan to Accelerate and Expand Economic Development in Indonesia" (MP3EI) and one of the strategies for the ASEAN Single Aviation Market (ASEAN-SAM), an open skies policy among member-countries in the Southeast Asia region starting 2015.
The airport opened to public on 25 July 2013, handling all flights and services shifted from Polonia International Airport.
Polonia airport was the site of several crashes. It is located in the center of the city of Medan (therefore precluding expansion options), has a difficult takeoff path and a short runway. The transfer to Kualanamu Airport was planned since 1991. In a visit to Medan, Azwar Anas, Minister of Transport at the time, said that for the safety of aviation, the airport would be moved out of the city.
All preparation of construction started in 1997, but the Asian Financial Crisis that began in the same year forced the development plans to be postponed. The demands for a new airport resumed after the Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crash in September 2005 that occurred shortly after taking off from Polonia. The accident that took the life of North Sumatra Governor Tengku Rizal Nurdin also caused ground casualties, as the airport is very close to overcrowded residential areas.
All 1,365 hectares land acquisitions were done between 1995 and 1997 and had a certificate with Exploitation Right (Hak Pengelolaaan) Number-1 on November 29, 1999 and a 100% belonged to PT Angkasa Pura II. Between 1999 and 2006 some people used a part of the land illegally as agricultural land and PT Angkasa Pura II offered them some money to move elsewhere. Construction resumed on June 29, 2006, shortly before the first anniversary of the crash of Mandala Airlines Flight 091. Jusuf Kalla, vice President at the time, laid the first cornerstone. These marked the construction of Kualanamu after several years with no progress. It was predicted that the airport would be completed by 2010. Because land acquisition was the biggest hurdle for this project, the airport opening date was delayed until 2013 due to lack of local government awareness.
A soft opening to public starting operational on 25 July 2013. The airport's first domestic departure was Garuda Indonesia flight GA 181 bound for Jakarta at 05:00 WIB. The first international departure was Indonesia AirAsia flight QZ 8078 bound for Penang at 05:15 WIB. The first domestic arrival was Lion Air flight JT 397 from Banda Aceh at 07:05 WIB. The first international arrival was Indonesia AirAsia flight QZ 8079 from Penang at 07:25 WIB.
Kuala Namu International Airport was officially inaugurated on 27 March 2014 by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
Facilities and infrastructure
The airport is Indonesia's second largest, after Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, with a 224,298 m² passengers terminal and will eventually have a capacity of 50 million passengers (2030), a figure if realised today would place the airport in the top 10 busiest by passenger numbers in the world, although by the time this figure is achieved it is likely that there will be many airports carrying more passengers. Kualanamu Airport has automatic Baggage Handling System, the first in Indonesia which does not need baggage porters.
It contains a 3,750 x 60 m runway, also another parallel taxi-way 3,750 m and 2,000 m (each with wide 30 m) that can accommodate wide-body aircraft, including the Airbus A380. It also includes an apron area measuring 664 m² capable of handling 33 aircraft. It also has a 13,000 m² cargo area that can handle 3 carriers with 65,000 tonnes/annum and 50,820 m² parking capacity with 405 taxis, 55 busses, and 908 cars. For more accessibility, the airport will have 10 door gates, another highway (non-toll road), toll road, and non-stop rail link to Medan.
Spread on 1,365 ha land area, 20 km North East of Polonia airport, 3 km from the sea, and on a site of area 6,5 x 2,1 km. Phase 1 of the new airport has a capacity to serve 8 million passengers annually, but at early 2014 has served 8.3 million passengers annualized. The Phase 2 will initial to be built in mid-2015 to serve 25 million passengers.
Airside facilities would be controlled by the Indonesian government, while landside facilities would be owned by a joint venture with PT Angkasa Pura II, which is expected to provide $350 million as an initial investment in return for a 30-year lease, after which ownership would revert to PT Angkasa Pura II. The airport will be linked to the city of Medan by a $10,7 million railway project. A highway about 18 km also being planned to connect the airport to Medan. It will cost $1,5 billions and eventually have 4 interchanges, 4 underpasses, 7 topperpasses, and 3 toll gates.
The airport is the first in Indonesia with a publicly accessible check-in area (current Indonesian airports restrict access to ticket holders with security at the gate). This means a much larger and more spacious check-in area than the existing airport. The airport is being designed by Wiratman & Associates, who also designed several other new airports and office buildings in Indonesia. Computer renderings showing a T-shape design are on the company's website. Another rendering and masterplan can be found in Angkasa Pura II website. Also a visualization of the future airport video.
Airlines and destinations
1: Garuda Indonesia does not have local traffic right on Makassar – Medan whilst travelling to and from Jeddah.
2: Garuda Indonesia does not have local traffic right on Balikpapan – Medan whilst travelling to and from Jeddah.
Traffics and statistics
|Year||Passengers movements||Aircraft movements||Freight movements|
Train services is provided by Railink, a joint venture between Angkasa Pura II and Indonesian Railway. It is the first integrated airport rail link in Indonesia, city check-in and electronic tickets are also available for convenience. Online reservation were available for booking and also vending machines serve Visa and MasterCard and debit card of BNI, BRI, BCA, Mandiri and Mega. Train services costs IDR 100,000 or about $8. The trains were made in South Korea.
The train runs trip from Medan Main Station beside the Merdeka Square at Balai Kota Street at 4:00 a.m. to 08:00 p.m and from the airport at 5:25 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. It is the fastest way to reach the airport, taking 30 minutes, but from the Airport to Medan taking 30 to 47 minutes.
In May 2014 a groundbreaking to make double-track from Medan to the Airport has been done and it will cut time travel at least 10 minutes from current situation. The first stage of double track, Kualanamu-Bandar Klipah is predicted to be finished in end 2015, while the second stage as fly over Bandar Klipah-Medan city is predicted to be finished in mid-year 2016.
|Medan - Kualanamu||Kualanamu - Medan|
|U62||4:00 a.m.||4:37 a.m.||U61||05:05 a.m||05:50 a.m|
|U2A||4:50 a.m.||5:27 a.m.||U65||07:33 a.m||08:15 a.m|
|U4A||6:15 a.m.||6:52 a.m.||U1A||08:00 a.m||08:46 a.m|
|U6A||7:16 a.m.||7:53 a.m.||U3A||09:05 a.m||09:49 a.m|
|U8A||8:20 a.m.||8:57 a.m.||U5A||09:25 a.m||10:10 a.m|
|U10A||9:10 a.m.||9:47 a.m.||U7A||10:20 a.m||11:07 a.m|
|U12A||10:40 a.m.||11:17 a.m.||U9A||11:50 a.m||12:37 a.m|
|U14A||11:10 a.m.||11:47 a.m.||U11A||12:25 p.m||01:09 p.m|
|U16A||12:10 p.m.||12:47 p.m.||U13A||01:25 p.m||02:12 p.m|
|U18A||1:45 p.m.||2:22 p.m.||U15A||02:55 p.m||03:42 p.m|
|U20A||2:15 p.m.||2:52 p.m.||U17A||03:30 p.m||04:14 p.m|
|U22A||3:15 p.m.||3:52 p.m.||U19A||04:25 p.m||05:12 p.m|
|U24A||4:45 p.m.||5:22 p.m.||U21A||05:55 p.m||06:42 p.m|
|U26A||5:15 p.m.||5:52 p.m.||U23A||06:30 p.m||07:14 p.m|
|U66||6:15 p.m.||6:52 p.m.||U25A||07:56 p.m||08:40 p.m|
|U68||7:17 p.m.||7:54 p.m.||U67||08:40 p.m||09:17 p.m|
|U70||8:01 p.m.||8:38 p.m.||U69||09:15 p.m||09:59 p.m|
|U72*||9:20 p.m.||9:57 p.m.||U71*||11:30 p.m||12:07 a.m|
- Operation on Friday and Sunday only.
A state-owned bus company DAMRI operates services to the airport. The DAMRI bus has only two bus shelters in Medan, on Gatot Subroto next to Plaza Medan Fair and at Amplas bus terminal. It takes about 60 to 90 minutes to reach the airport. The fare is cheaper than a train ride to city. There is also a sharing cab which carries passengers to several destinations. Paradep and Travel Nice Trans links the airport to Parapat via Pematang Siantar that is main gateway to reach some popular destinations like Samosir Island and Lake Toba.
|Shuttle Airport Bus|
|Damri||Amplas Bus Terminal||Medan||IDR 15,000|
|Damri||Plaza Medan Fair||Medan||IDR 15,000|
|ALS||Gagak Hitam (Ringroad)||Medan||IDR 30,000|
|ALS||Binjai Super Mall||Binjai||IDR 30,000|
|Paradep||Sutomo St||Pematang Siantar||IDR 50,000|
|Nice Trans||Sutomo St||Parapat via Pematang Siantar||IDR 450,000/3 passengers|
There is car that readily to be rented from several operators such as ASSA, Blue Bird, TRAC and SENA.
Taxi costs about twice that of train tickets. Taxi operators that bring passengers to the airport are limited to Blue Bird, KARSA, MATRA, and Nice Trans. Passengers are encouraged to use a taxi with a meter to avoid scams.
Kualanamu International Airport is plotted to be a Regional Hub as South Korea's Incheon International Airport brother airport, so on June 25, 2012 an agreement has been signed of both party operators. Incheon operator will assist Kualanamu operator to become Regional Hub with world-class standards.
The first airline uses the airport as a regional hub is Mihin Lanka which route from Jakarta to Jeddah with transit at the airport. In early 2014, Flying Fox Airways is still processing the hub license. On May 1, 2014 Indonesian Flag Carrier Garuda Indonesia opened flight from Medan to Jeddah as extension of Makassar-Medan.
On September 23, 2014 cornerstone of the project has been done to formalize the project. The 61.8 kilometers toll road consists of two sections:
- Section-1 Medan-Perbarakan-Kuala Namu, 17.8 kilometers, 81.32 percent of land acquisitions have been done, 13.5 percent constructions has been done and predicted will be finished in 2016
- Section-2 Perbarakan-Tebing Tinggi, 44.0 kilometers, 81.40 percent of land acquisitions have been done, prediction the project will be finished in 2017
In October 2014, The airport was nominated as 24 World's Best Airport for Airport Service Quality (ASQ) in terms of 5 - 15 million passengers handled.
In June 2015, Kuala Namu received a certificate from Skytrax as a "4-Star Airport", the first Indonesian airport to receive such title.
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- Apriadi Gunawan (January 9, 2014). "Kualanamu set to be hub for flights to Asia, Middle East".
- "Garuda Indonesia Buka Rute Medan-Jeddah Mulai Hari Ini". May 1, 2014.
- "Construction of Medan-Kuala Namu-Tebing Tinggi Tollway Commences". September 23, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kuala Namu International Airport.|
- Official Website of Kualanamu International Airport
- Official Website of Angkasa Pura 2
- Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs European Business Chamber of Commerce in Indonesia (Eurocham)
- Indonesia Economic Masterplan 2011-2025 Retrieved January 12, 2013
- Railink Indonesia