Kualanamu International Airport

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Kualanamu International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Kualanamu
Kuala Namu Airport Logo.png
Kualanamu arpt.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura II
Serves Medan
Location Deli Serdang Regency, North Sumatra, Indonesia
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 7,01 m / 23 ft
Coordinates 03°38′32″N 98°53′7″E / 3.64222°N 98.88528°E / 3.64222; 98.88528Coordinates: 03°38′32″N 98°53′7″E / 3.64222°N 98.88528°E / 3.64222; 98.88528
Website www.kualanamu-airport.co.id
Maps
Sumatra region in Indonesia
Sumatra region in Indonesia
KNO is located in Medan
KNO
KNO
Location of airport in North Sumatra / Indonesia
KNO is located in Sumatra
KNO
KNO
KNO (Sumatra)
KNO is located in Indonesia
KNO
KNO
KNO (Indonesia)
KNO is located in Southeast Asia
KNO
KNO
KNO (Southeast Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,750 12,303 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 12,245,116 (Increase 18.8%)

Kualanamu International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Kualanamu) (IATA: KNO, ICAO: WIMM) is an international airport serving Medan, Indonesia. It is located in Deli Serdang regency, 26 km east of downtown Medan. Kualanamu is the third largest airport (after Jakarta Soekarno–Hatta and the new Bandung Kertajati) and the fourth busiest airport in Indonesia in 2017.

The airport opened to public on 25 July 2013, handling all flights and services shifted from Polonia International Airport.[1] The airport was built on the site of what was previously an oil palm plantation of company Perkebunan Nusantara II Tanjung Morawa. The airport is expected to become the new international transit center in Sumatra and the western part of Indonesia. It is part of Indonesia's central government's program under "Masterplan to Accelerate and Expand Economic Development in Indonesia"[2] (MP3EI) and one of the strategies for the ASEAN Single Aviation Market (ASEAN-SAM), an open skies policy among member-countries in the Southeast Asia region starting 2015.

History[edit]

Kualanamu Airport Exterior

Polonia airport was the site of several accidents. It is located in the center of the city of Medan (therefore precluding further expansions), has a challenging takeoff path and a relatively short runway. The development of Kualanamu Airport initiated in 1991. In a visit to Medan, Azwar Anas, Minister of Transport at the time, stated that for the sake of aviation safety, a new airport would be developed outside of the city of Medan.[citation needed]

Preparation of construction began in 1997, but the Asian Financial Crisis that started in the same year postponed the development of Kualanamu Airport. Demand for the new airport continuous following the Mandala Airlines Flight 091 accident on September 2005 that occurred shortly after taking off from Polonia for Jakarta. This accident killed the incumbent North Sumatran governor at that time Tengku Rizal Nurdin and his predecessor Raja Inal Siregar, who died 1 day later from injuries. This accident also involved ground casualties with at least 50 casualties, as the airport is very close to overcrowded residential areas and the runway was only 3,000 meters.

All 1,365 hectares of land was acquired between 1995 and 1997 and with the certificate Exploitation Rights (Hak Pengelolaaan) Number-1 on November 29, 1999 and 100% of the land belonged to PT Angkasa Pura II. Between 1999 and 2006, some people used parts of the land illegally as agricultural land and PT Angkasa Pura II offered them monetary compensation to move elsewhere. Construction resumed on June 29, 2006,[3] shortly before the first anniversary of the crash of Mandala Airlines Flight 091. Jusuf Kalla, vice President of Indonesia at the time, laid the first cornerstone.[4] This marked the construction of Kualanamu after several years with no progress. It was predicted that the airport would be completed by 2010.[5] With land acquisition as the biggest hurdle for this project, the airport's opening was delayed until 2013 due to lack of local government awareness.[6]

A soft opening to the public occurred on 25 July 2013. The airport's first commercial departure was a Garuda Indonesia flight GA 181 bound for Jakarta at 05:00 WIB. The first international departure was Indonesia AirAsia flight QZ 8078 bound for Penang at 05:15 WIB. The first domestic arrival was Lion Air flight JT 397 from Banda Aceh at 07:00 WIB. The first international arrival was Indonesia AirAsia flight QZ 8079 from Penang at 07:30 WIB.

Kuala Namu International Airport was officially inaugurated on 27 March 2014 by incumbent President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.

Facilities and infrastructure[edit]

2nd floor waiting room

The airport is Indonesia's second largest, after Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, with a 224,298 m² passengers terminal[7] and will eventually have a capacity of 50 million passengers (2030), a figure if realised today would place the airport in the top 10 busiest by passenger numbers in the world, although by the time this figure is achieved it is likely that there will be many airports carrying more passengers.[8] Kualanamu Airport has automatic Baggage Handling System, the first in Indonesia which does not need baggage porters.[9]

The airport is equipped with a single 3,750 x 60 meter runway, a 3,750m and 2,000m long parallel taxiway capable of accommodating wide-body aircraft, including category - F jets such as the Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov 225.[10][11] It also includes an apron area measuring 664 m² capable of handling 33 aircraft. It also has a 13,000 m² cargo area that can handle 3 carriers with 65,000 tonnes/annum and 50,820 m² parking capacity with 405 taxis, 55 busses, and 908 cars. Covering on 1,365 ha of land, 20 km North East of Polonia airport, 3 km from the sea, and on a site of area 6,5 x 2,1 km.[12] Phase 1 of the new airport has a capacity to serve 8 million passengers annually, but at early 2014 has served 8.3 million passengers annualized. Phase 2 will start construction in mid-2015 to serve 25 million passengers.[13]Phase III expansion of the airport will include expansion of the runway to allow the airport to accommodate wide bodied aircraft of Airbus 380-800, and expansion of cargo area to 24,715 square meters from 13,450 square meters at present, and expansion of passenger terminal to 224,256 square meters to increase the capacity from 9 million passengers to 17 million passengers annually, which will start in 2018. The airport operator AP II also planned to develop a 200 hectare plot of land for commercial area outside the passenger terminal. The commercial area will be built with an "airport city" concept with 3, 4 and 5 star hotels, a hypermarket, office building, hospital and movie theater.[14]

Currently, the ILS system in used is ILS CAT I for both Runway 05 and 23. Arrivals and departures are usually directed to Runway 23 while Runway 05 will be used pertaining to wind direction.

The airport is opened for 24 hours. There is ongoing preparation for airport hotel which located at 2nd floor and to be marketed as Horison Sky Kualanamu. The hotel itself is managed by Horison Group. It will be 7,000 square meters area with capacity 140 rooms per se.

Operations[edit]

Airside facilities would be controlled by the Indonesian government, while landside facilities would be owned by a joint venture with PT Angkasa Pura II, which is expected to provide $350 million as an initial investment in return for a 30-year lease, after which ownership would revert to PT Angkasa Pura II. The airport will be linked to the city of Medan by a $10.7 million railway project.[15] An 18 km highway is under construction improving the airport's road connection to the city of Medan. It will cost $1.5 billion and will have 4 interchange, 4 underpasses, 7 flyovers, and 3 toll gates.[16]

The airport is the first in Indonesia with a publicly accessible check-in area (current Indonesian airports restrict access to ticket holders with security at the gate). This means a much larger and more spacious check-in area than the existing airport. The airport is designed by Wiratman & Associates, who had also designed several other new airports and office buildings in Indonesia. Computer renderings showing a T-shape design are on the company's website.[17] Another rendering and masterplan can be found in Angkasa Pura II website.[18][19] Also a visualization of the future airport video.[20]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International, Penang
Batik Air Chennai,[Note 1] Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong (begins 29 October 2018)[21]
Citilink Banda Aceh, Bandung, Batam, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Pekanbaru, Yogyakarta
Seasonal: Jeddah
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Singapore
Hajj: Jeddah, Medina
Garuda Indonesia
operated by Explore and Explore Jet
Batam, Gunungsitoli, Lhokseumawe, Makassar, Palembang, Sabang, Sibolga, Silangit
Indonesia AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Kuala Lumpur–International, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Palembang, Penang, Singapore, Yogyakarta
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Lion Air Banda Aceh, Bandung, Batam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Padang, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Surabaya
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur–International
SaudiaHajj: Jeddah, Medina
SilkAir Singapore
Sriwijaya Air Batam, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Padang, Penang
Seasonal: Colombo[22]
Susi Air Blangkejeren, Blangpidie, Silangit, Tapaktuan
Wings Air Dumai, Gunungsitoli, Jambi, Lhokseumawe, Meulaboh, Padang Sidempuan, Sabang, Sibolga, Silangit, Simeulue, Takengon
  1. ^ Batik Air flight from Medan to Chennai includes a stop-over at Kuala Lumpur.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Cardig Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Overall Operational Statistics (data prior to 25 July 2013 are for Polonia (MES))[23][24][25][26]
Year Passengers movements Aircraft movements Freight movements
2000
1,158,382
20,632
18,881
2001
1,510,489
23,300
21,809
2002
2,090,518
29,894
23,969
2003
2,736,332
36,359
24,067
2004
3,693,290
43,865
29,320
2005
4,033,073
55,218
32,125
2006
4,597,268
50,512
32,780
2007
5,456,558
54,238
50,580
2008
4,816,852
52,737
48,843
2009
5,852,076
50,303
49,272
2010
6,616,935
58,438
35,709
2011
7,170,107
61,755
47,254
2012
7,991,914
67,966
58,813

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail transport[edit]

Kualanamu ARS (Airport Railink Service) train

Train services are operated by PT Railink, a joint venture between PT Angkasa Pura II and Indonesian Railway. It is the first integrated airport rail link in Indonesia.[27]. The trains were made in South Korea.[28]

The route runs from Medan Main Station beside the Merdeka Square and provides the fastest way to reach the airport, taking 30 minutes, and the return taking 30 to 47 minutes.[29]

In May 2014 double-tracking from Medan to the Airport began this will cut time travel by at least 10 minutes.[30]

Train Schedules
Medan - Kualanamu Kualanamu - Medan
Train Departs Arrives Train Departs Arrives
U2 03:30 a.m. 04:01 a.m. U1 04:40 a.m 05:13 a.m
U4 05:15 a.m. 05:45 a.m. U3 06:10 a.m 06:57 a.m
U6 06:00 a.m. 06:31 a.m. U5 07:00 a.m 07:50 a.m
U8 07:05 a.m. 07:38 a.m. U7 08:00 a.m 08:45 a.m
U10 07:25 a.m. 07:56 a.m. U9 08:30 a.m 09:25 a.m
U12 08:20 a.m. 08:51 a.m. U11 09:10 a.m 09:57 a.m
U14 09:00 a.m. 09:31 a.m. U13 10:10 a.m 10:57 a.m
U16 10:00 a.m. 10:31 a.m. U15 11:10 p.m 11:57 a.m
U18 11:00 a.m. 11:31 a.m. U17 11:55 a.m 12:42 p.m
U20 12:00 p.m. 12:31 p.m. U19 01:00 p.m 01:55 p.m
U22 12:50 p.m. 01:21 p.m. U21 01:40 p.m 02:27 p.m
U24 01:30 p.m. 02:01 p.m. U23 02:45 p.m 03:32 p.m
U26 02:35 p.m. 03:06 p.m. U25 03:35 p.m 04:22 p.m
U28 03:40 p.m. 04:11 p.m. U27 04:20 p.m 05:05 p.m
U30 04:25 p.m. 04:56 p.m. U29 05:15 p.m 06:00 p.m
U32 05:35 p.m. 06:06 p.m. U31 06:15 p.m 07:02 p.m
U34 06:20 p.m. 06:51 p.m. U33 07:15 p.m 08:09 p.m
U36 07:05 p.m. 07:36 p.m. U35 08:10 p.m 08:55 p.m
U38 07:30 p.m. 08:01 p.m. U37 08:40 p.m 09:35 p.m
U40 08:30 p.m. 09:01 p.m. U39 09:45 p.m 10:24 p.m
U42F 09:10 p.m. 09:41 p.m. U41F 11:40 p.m 12:17 a.m

Toll Road[edit]

The airport is connected by Medan–Kuala Namu–Tebing Tinggi Toll Road.[31]

Bus[edit]

A state-owned bus company DAMRI operates services to the airport. The DAMRI bus has only two bus shelters in Medan, on Gatot Subroto next to Plaza Medan Fair and at Amplas bus terminal. It takes about approx 60 to 90 minutes to reach the airport (depending on your departure point and based on traffic). 2 hours from more central Plaza Medan Fair are not uncommon. The fare is cheaper than a train ride to city. There is also a sharing cab which carries passengers to several destinations. Paradep and Travel Nice Trans link the airport to Parapat via Pematang Siantar that is main gateway to reach some popular destinations like Samosir Island and Lake Toba.

Service Destination Fare
Shuttle Airport Bus
Damri Amplas Bus Terminal Medan IDR 15,000
Damri Plaza Medan Fair Medan IDR 20,000
ALS Gagak Hitam (Ringroad) Medan IDR 20,000
Almasar Kabanjahe Kabanjahe IDR 60,000
Damri Stabat Stabat IDR 50,000
ALS Binjai Super Mall Binjai IDR 30,000
Paradep Sutomo St Pematang Siantar IDR 55,000
Nice Trans Sutomo St Parapat via Pematang Siantar IDR 450,000/3 passengers

Cars[edit]

There is an arterial road connecting the city of Medan and the airport. The Medan-Kuala Namu-Tebing Tinggi Toll Road is currently in the making stage. It is planned that this toll road will be completed by 2017. The toll road is part of the Trans-Sumatera Toll Road. There is car that readily to be rented from several operators such as ASSA, Blue Bird, TRAC and SENA.

Taxis[edit]

Taxi costs about twice that of train tickets. Taxi operators that bring passengers to the airport are limited to Blue Bird, KARSA, MATRA, and Nice Trans. Passengers are encouraged to use a taxi with a meter to avoid scams. Online transportations like Uber, Grab and GO-JEK can operate inside the airport which mostly Indonesian airport were heavily facing monopoly due to airforce military zone.

Regional hub[edit]

Kualanamu International Airport is plotted to be a Regional Hub as South Korea's Incheon International Airport brother airport, so on June 25, 2012 an agreement has been signed of both party operators. Incheon operator will assist Kualanamu operator to become Regional Hub with world-class standards.[32]

In early 2014, Flying Fox Airways is still processing the hub license.[33] On May 1, 2014 Indonesian Flag Carrier Garuda Indonesia opened flight from Medan to Jeddah as extension of Makassar-Medan.[34]

Accolades[edit]

In June 2015, Kuala Namu received a certificate from Skytrax as a "4-Star Airport", the first Indonesian airport to receive such title.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "19 Tahun Menunggu, Akhirnya Bandara Kualanamu beroperasi" (in Indonesian). 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-25. 
  2. ^ "Indonesia Economic Masterplan 2011-2025". Eurocham.or.id. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Adam Malik Diusulkan Jadi Nama Bandara Kualanamu" [Adam Malik proposed as the name of Kualanamu Airport] (in Indonesian). ANTARA. 2006-06-28. Archived from the original on 2009-07-22. 
  4. ^ "Jusuf Kalla lays Kualanamu airport foundation stone". Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Kalla: Kualanamu Seharusnya 2 Tahun Lalu Beroperasi (Indonesian)". Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ Kualanamu International Airport Hits a New Roadblock Archived 19 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
  7. ^ "Ministry urged to permit land for Kualanamu". Waspada.co.id. 2011-06-27. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  8. ^ "Polonia International Airport". Retrieved April 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ Jefris Santama (January 5, 2016). "Menghalau Pencuri Bagasi Melihat Sistem Penanganan Bagasi Otomatis di Bandara Kualanamu Sumut". 
  10. ^ "'Made in Indonesia' airport construction may last forever". The Jakarta Post. 2011-04-25. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  11. ^ "Kualanamu must be ready by 2012". September 28, 2011. 
  12. ^ Jannes Hutagalung (2005-11-08). "PT (Persero) Angkasa Pura II, Airport and Air Traffic Services" (PDF). Indonesia Global Investment Forum, London. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-07-29. 
  13. ^ "SBY launches the country's most modern airport". March 28, 2014. 
  14. ^ "AP II offers Rp11 trillion project to expand Kualanamu Airport". Retrieved 20 March 2018. 
  15. ^ "Bandara Kualanamu jalur kereta hampir rampung (Indonesian)". Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Pembangunan tol Medan-Kualanamu akhirnya dimulai (Indonesian)". Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Wiratman & Associates' Homepage". wiratman.co.id. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  18. ^ http://www.angkasapura2.co.id/images/medanbaru.jpg
  19. ^ http://www.angkasapura2.co.id/images/peta/MES.jpg
  20. ^ "Medan Indonesia Airport - 3D Airport Simulation". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  21. ^ Cathay Dragon adds new destinations in W18
  22. ^ https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/pk-cmi
  23. ^ "Polonia International Airport". Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  24. ^ "Polonia International Airport". Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  25. ^ "Polonia International Airport". Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  26. ^ "2009 Statistics" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  27. ^ "Jalur KA Kualanamu segera beroperasi (Indonesian)". June 2, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Medan's new Kualanamu International Airport set to operate July 25". July 8, 2013. 
  29. ^ "Jadwal Baru Kereta Api bandara". Retrieved June 15, 2014. 
  30. ^ Apriadi Gunawan (May 23, 2014). "N. Sumatra double-track railway work begins". 
  31. ^ "Medan-Kualanamu-Tebing Tinggi Toll Road to Open Before June-End". March 20, 2018. 
  32. ^ "Kualanamu airport to become regional hub". Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  33. ^ Apriadi Gunawan (January 9, 2014). "Kualanamu set to be hub for flights to Asia, Middle East". 
  34. ^ "Garuda Indonesia Buka Rute Medan-Jeddah Mulai Hari Ini". May 1, 2014. 
  35. ^ Kualanamu International Airport Gets Four-Star Rating From Skytrax

External links[edit]