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Place of originGeorgia
Region or stateSvaneti
Main ingredientsBread, meat (lamb or kid or pork), spices, onions.

Kubdari or Kubed (Georgian: კუბდარი, Svan: კუბედ) is a Georgian filled bread dish which is particularly a national dish of the Svans.[1] The bread is leavened and allowed to rise. The filling contains chunks of meat, which can be lamb,[2] kid[3] or pork,[4] Georgian spices and onions. It is also traditionally made with cannabis leaves or cannabis seed paste.[5] Kubdari was inscribed on the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Georgia list in 2015.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Burford, Tim (2008). Georgia. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-84162-261-3.
  2. ^ Dziewit, Anna (22 December 2007). "Kozy od św. Cerykusa Archanioła". Polityka (in Polish). Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  3. ^ Goldstein, Darra (1999). The Georgian feast: the vibrant culture and savory food of the Republic of Georgia. University of California Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-520-21929-8.
  4. ^ Kvastiani, Thea; Vadim Spolanski; Andreas Sternfeldt (2010). Georgien: Unterwegs zwischen Kaukasus und schwarzem Meer (in German). Trescher Verlag. p. 75. ISBN 978-3-89794-171-7.
  5. ^ "Georgia Starts Here". Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  6. ^ "არამატერიალური კულტურული მემკვიდრეობა" [Intangible Cultural Heritage] (PDF) (in Georgian). National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Georgia. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  7. ^ "UNESCO Culture for development indicators for Georgia (Analytical and Technical Report)" (PDF). EU-Eastern Partnership Culture & Creativity Programme. October 2017. pp. 82–88. Retrieved 25 October 2017.