Tobo-Kube language

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Kube-Tobo
Native to Papua New Guinea
Region Huon Peninsula, Morobe Province
Native speakers
(7,500 Kube (2000 census), 2,230 Tobo cited 1980 census)[1]
Trans–New Guinea
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
kgf – Kube
tbv – Tobo
Glottolog kube1244[2]

Kube (Hube) and Tobo, also Mongi, are a Papuan language spoken in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. They are mutually intelligible and 95% lexicostatistically cognate.[3] Dialects of Kube are Kurungtufu, Yoangen (Yoanggeng).

The Kube alphabet includes the letter Q with hook tail, ⟨Ɋ ɋ ⟩.[citation needed]

Phonology[edit]

Vowels (orthographic)[edit]

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e é o
Low a

Consonants (orthographic)[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Voiceless plosive p t k q -c
Voiced plosive b d g q
Nasal m n
Voiceless affricate z
Voiced affricate ʒ
Voiceless fricative f s h
Voiced trill r
Lateral approximant l
Central approximant y w

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kube at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tobo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kube (Papua New Guinea)". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices