Kuching International Airport

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Kuching International Airport
Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa Kuching
Kuching International Airport at Night.jpg
IATA: KCHICAO: WBGG
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Owner Government of Malaysia
Operator Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
Serves Kuching Division, Samarahan Division & Serian Division, Sarawak, Malaysia
Location Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Hub for AirAsia
Malaysia Airlines
MASwings
Time zone MST (UTC+08:00)
Elevation AMSL 89 ft / 27 m
Coordinates 01°29′13.5″N 110°20′30.9″E / 1.487083°N 110.341917°E / 1.487083; 110.341917Coordinates: 01°29′13.5″N 110°20′30.9″E / 1.487083°N 110.341917°E / 1.487083; 110.341917
Map
WBGG is located in East Malaysia
WBGG
WBGG
Location in Sarawak, Malaysia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,780 12,402 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passenger 4,772,453 (Decrease 1.7%)
Airfreight (tonnes) 29,362 (Increase 4.7%)
Aircraft movements 53,303 (Decrease 0.3%)
Source: official web site[1]
AIP Malaysia[2]

Kuching International Airport (Initialised: KIA) (IATA: KCHICAO: WBGG) is an international airport serving the entire southwestern region of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is located 11 km (6.8 mi)[2] south of Kuching city centre. The airport also shares its runway with the RMAF Kuching Airbase, home to the No. 7 Squadron RMAF.[3]

The airport terminal is capable of handling five million passengers per annum and it is the fourth busiest airport in Malaysia. KIA has grown rapidly with an increasing number of passengers and aircraft movement. In 2010, KIA handled 3,684,000 passengers with a corresponding volume of 46,382 flights. In the same year, 26,977 metric tonnes of cargo were handled through this facility.

KIA is the secondary hub for Malaysia Airlines and has been growing rapidly to tackle the demand of the travellers in the East Malaysia region.

History[edit]

An airstrip in Kuching was first constructed at 7th Mile (Bukit Stabar) in 1938, measuring 700 yards (640 m) long by 300 yards (270 m) wide.[4] An airport terminal building was later completed and opened for use on 26 September 1950.[5] The airport consisted of a small "L" shaped single storey passenger terminal, a small cargo facility, and an airport fire station. Air Traffic Control Tower, Meteorological Service and Maintenance building were clustered in one area, a small apron of 4 parking bays and a single runway which was 1372 metres long and 46 metres wide. Navigational (Directional Finding Equipment) and Radio Aids were installed at the airport.

Kuching International Airport then became the gateway to Sarawak, Brunei and North Borneo (Sabah as it is called today) with the introduction of once weekly Douglas Dakota twin-engined piston aircraft services originating from Singapore. By the end of 1954, scheduled air services into Kuching International Airport grew by leaps and bounds. This was depicted in the 1954 statistics which recorded 1550 aircraft movements, 13,564 passengers, 95,911 kilogrammes of cargo and 25,984 mails. In 1959, the runway was extended to 1555 metres in length to make way for Vickers Viscount turboprop aircraft operations.

In 1962, the runway was extended once more to a length of 1921 meters to facilitate DeHavilland Comet-4 turbojet aircraft operations. The terminal was also enlarged in the same year. A Control Zone was established at Kuching in November as a part of a plan to provide an Air Traffic Control Service commensurate with the growth of air traffic. Malayan Airways Limited operated the Singapore / British Borneo Territories Regional Services with Vickers Viscount and Douglas DC-3 aircraft, daily schedules linked Kuching and Sibu with Singapore on the other side, and Brunei and Borneo on the other.

In 1971, the Malaysian Government (as Sarawak joined the Federation of Malaysia on 16 November 1963) engaged a team of Canadian Consultants to make a Master Plan study of Kuching International Airport.

In December 1972, the government accepted the Consultant's report. Among the recommendations were:

  • The extension and strengthening of existing runway to enable operations by larger jet-powered aircraft
  • The construction of a new terminal building on the north site of the runway

Work on the strengthening and extension of the runway to 2,454 metres (8,051 ft) in length started in 1973 and was completed in 1976, capable of handling Boeing 707 turbofan aircraft.

In 1980, consistent with the advent of Airbus A300B4 operations, it was imperative that the runway pavement strength be upgraded to meet the requirements of that particular aircraft. Work on this was completed in early 1982.

Construction of the terminal complex at the north site took a centre stage at the end of 1978 and was completed in July 1983. This modern terminal replaced the previous terminal, and was opened for business on 24 August 1983. The terminal complex covered a built-up area of 81 hectares with a floor space of 13,000 square metres, comprised the three-storey passenger terminal flanked by neatly planned buildings which consisted of the Air Traffic Control Tower and operations block, a larger freight facility, a new airport fire station, Maintenance Building, VIP Building and ancillary services building.

As of 1999, two foreign airlines (Singapore Airlines and Royal Brunei Airlines) from both Singapore and Brunei as well as Malaysia's national carrier and as many as 8 private general aviation companies operated scheduled services into and out of Kuching International Airport. Non-scheduled charter flights were also operated by two foreign airlines. As of 2013, however, four of Malaysia's airlines (Malaysia Airlines, MasWings, Air Asia and Malindo Air) as well as three cargo operators (MASKargo, Transmile Air Services and Neptune Air) operate to and from Kuching International Airport. Four foreign airlines have since discontinued their services to Kuching (Singapore Airlines, Royal Brunei Airlines, Jetstar Asia, and Tiger Airways). A further two continue to operate services into Kuching (Express Air and SilkAir).

As a result, z of the increasing number of passengers going into and out of Kuching, a completely new and larger terminal was needed. Construction started in the early 2000s, and progressed at an incredible pace. The new terminal was literally constructed from the inside out, with the old terminal slowly being chipped away and replaced by new sections of the new terminal. The new terminal complex was finally opened on Monday, the 16th of January 2006 by the Chief Minister of Sarawak Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud and the then Malaysian Minister of Transport Dato' Sri Chan Kong Choy. The full work on the terminal, however, was only completed in April 2006. The new terminal consists of 9 aircraft parking bays (3 bays for widebody aircraft such as Airbus A330, Boeing 747 and Airbus A380-800), 4 remote parking bays (for turboprop aircraft such as Fokker 50, DHC-6-300/400 Twin Otter and ATR 72-500/600), plus 3 new aircraft parking bays located at the general aviation section.

Malaysia Airlines Boeing 747 on the runway
Control Tower
The Terminal Building

Expansion, renovation and redevelopment[edit]

Kuching International Airport was given a radical makeover, with the terminal completed in 2006 and the runway and taxiway extension fully completed in 2008.[6] The renovations borrowed many design features from Kuala Lumpur's then-new airport (KL International Airport opened in 1998, replacing the overcrowded Subang-Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport), so the two have a similar look.[6]

The renovation increased terminal building floor space to 46,000 square metres (500,000 sq ft) and was completed 15 months ahead of schedule. The fully renovated terminal building was officially opened by the then Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi on Monday, 17 April 2006. The project was handled by Global Upline Sdn. Bhd. and it cost some MYR620,000,000 (US$186,000,000). With this, the airport is capable of handling widebody aircraft such as Boeing 747-400 and Airbus A380-800 with no restrictions.

The completed works involved above ground-level (AGL) earthworks and pavement upgrades, extension of the runway length from 2454 metres to 3780 metres, widening of shoulders from 46 metres to 60 metres, extension of parallel taxiway to a full parallel taxiway with interconnection/rapid exit taxiways including widening of taxiway fillets and shoulders to 30 metres. The air-side apron works included the construction of a cargo apron, high-intensity lightings and markings. Visual and non-visual aids will be upgraded and/or relocated consistent with the upgrading plan to serve the extended runway. With nine gates, the airport can handle six narrow body aircraft (such as Boeing 737 and Airbus A320), three widebody aircraft and four turboprop aircraft. Of note, gate number 9 was specifically constructed for Airbus A380-800 operations.[7][8]

Present and future[edit]

The former Chief Minister of Sarawak, Pehin Sri Haji Abdul Taib Mahmud, wishes to attract more foreign airlines to KIA so as to develop the Sarawak Tourism Industry. Singapore's budget airline, Tiger Airways, had been given the green light to serve Kuching International Airport (the airline has since discontinued service to Kuching after only a few years, as did its closest competitor, Jetstar Asia).

Malaysia Airlines in Kuching International Airport has so far achieved a zero accident rate in 2006.[9]

The Sarawak Government is working closely with Malaysia Airlines (MAS) and AirAsia to rationalise long-haul flights. Sarawak hopes to use Brunei and Singapore as entry points to enhance the two prevailing gateways - Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) and Kota Kinabalu International Airport (KKIA).

The Sarawak Government has expressed interest to buy into MASwings and turn it into a sub-Asean air carrier, with Kuching as hub. New routes could include direct flights to Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Jakarta, Bangkok and destinations in Australia. Flight frequency to Singapore would also be increased.[10]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirAsia Boeing 737 landing
KIA Arrival Hall

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirAsia Bintulu, Johor Bahru, Kota Bharu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Miri, Penang, Sibu, Singapore
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong [11]
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Miri, Singapore
Malaysia Airlines
operated by MASwings
Bintulu, Kota Kinabalu, Miri, Mukah, Mulu, Sibu, Tanjung Manis
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
SilkAir Singapore
XpressAir Pontianak

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Asia Cargo Express Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
MASkargo Hong Kong, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Labuan, Manila, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan
Transmile Air Services Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Miri, Singapore
Neptune Air Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Annual passenger numbers and aircraft statistics
Year
Passengers
handled
Passenger
% change
Cargo
(tonnes)
Cargo
% Change
Aircraft
movements
Aircraft
% change
2003 2,923,633 Steady 26,278 Steady 42,138 Steady
2004 3,317,879 Increase 13.5 26,073 Decrease 0.8 45,340 Increase 7.6
2005 3,354,973 Increase 1.1 28,407 Increase 8.9 43,253 Decrease 4.0
2006 3,196,352 Decrease 4.7 29,716 Increase 4.6 40,292 Decrease 7.4
2007 3,236,468 Increase 1.3 23,818 Decrease 19.8 37,348 Decrease 7.3
2008 3,238,614 Increase 0.07 19,166 Decrease 19.5 39,188 Increase 4.9
2009 3,574,632 Increase 10.4 20,830 Increase 8.7 44,761 Increase 14.2
2010 3,684,517 Increase 3.1 26,977 Increase 29.5 46,382 Increase 3.6
2011 4,286,722 Increase 16.3 24,787 Decrease 8.1 53,154 Increase 14.6
2012 4,186,523 Decrease 2.3 15,811 Decrease 36.2 46,727 Decrease 12.1
2013 4,871,036 Increase 16.4 21,993 Increase 39.1 56,085 Increase 20.0
2014 4,852,822 Decrease 0.4 28,040 Increase 27.5 53,490 Decrease 4.6
2015 4,772,453 Decrease 1.7 29,362 Increase 4.7 53,303 Decrease 0.3
Source: Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad[12]

Statistics[edit]

Baggage handling system (BHS)[edit]

KIA conveyor belts
AirAsia Check In Counters

Kuching International Airport has two sides of baggage reclaim halls, one is for the domestic flights (within Sarawak) while the other one is for both international flights and flights outside Sarawak.

Immigration[edit]

As one of the two states in Malaysia which controls its own immigration autonomy, Sarawak exercises special regulation upon arriving and departing from all Sarawakian airports including Kuching. All passengers travelling with any flights from outside Sarawak (including all flights from Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Federal Territory of Labuan and outside Malaysia), must pass through the immigration control at the first entry airport.

Ground transportation[edit]

No city buses are available at the moment. The nearest bus station which is Kuching Sentral Bus Terminal, is located 2 km away.

A taxi coupon ticket can be bought at the Taxi Coupon Counter.

Awards and recognition[edit]

  • KIA received the MS ISO 9001:2000 for Airport Management, Operations and Maintenance of Airport Covering Fire and Rescue Services, Aviation Security, Engineering and General Operations in the year of 2005.
  • Aerodrome Certification from the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) was awarded to KIA in 2005 where KIA is being the second airport in Malaysia, after Kuala Lumpur International Airport to receive the prestigious certification.[13]
  • MAS in Kuching International Airport (KIA) achieved zero occupational accident last year, making it one of the best stations in the country.[14]
  • Kuching International Airport was accorded Platinum and Star status by International Air Transport Association (IATA) in recognition of their barcoded boarding passes project as well as satisfying various guidelines from check-in, baggage drop and security control to boarding.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • In 1999, a De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou on a routine training mission crashed at the swampy area at the end of the runway. Five RMAF personnel were killed.
  • In Feb 2006, a Malaysia Airlines Airbus A330 slipped off the runway while taxiing for take off. There were no fatalities or injuries. All flights into and out of Kuching had to be diverted, delayed or cancelled.
  • On Feb 27 2006, a cargo plane of courier company DHL skidded at the end of the runway of the airport when landing at 6.20 am.[15]
  • On 7 July 2006, a man called in at 6.23pm to say "Ada bom" (There is a bomb) but it turned out to a bomb hoax. A section of Kuching International Airport's (KIA) domestic arrival entrance was cordoned off for several hours after a suspicious looking black plastic bag was found lying near one of the pillars there. MAB quickly cordoned off the area and quietly diverted the public and passengers to other sections of the KIA complex. With the aid of a Robot Scanner, the Bomb Disposal Unit closed in to check the package and twice blasted it with shotgun pellets. A thorough check by one of the police from the Bomb Disposal Unit in special suit confirmed that the black plastic bag actually contained rubbish. Nevertheless, none of the flights were rescheduled or cancelled during the whole episode. This is the first bomb hoax incident reported since the KIA was refurbished and reopened early last April.[16]
  • On 17 August 2006, a second bomb hoax happened, causing Air Asia flight AK5203 with 126 passengers bound for Kuala Lumpur at 9.20am grounded for checking about 100 metres away from the terminal building for explosive in "liquid-form" that had allergedly been planted on board. All 17 flights scheduled for that morning ran as usual.[17]
  • On 1 September 2006, Malaysia Airlines (MAS) Kuala Lumpur-bound flight MH2507 which was speeding to takeoff on the Kuching International Airport (KIA) runway screeched to a stop, just metres away from the runway limit. A faulty engine suddenly lost power forcing the pilot to abort flight, grounding the Airbus 330 which failed to take off at 11.05 am. Later the passengers had to wait at the KIA departure lounge for close to seven hours before another aircraft came to replace the grounded Airbus 330 in another flight scheduled to depart at 5.30 pm. Among the affected passengers of the fully boarded flight included, several members of the Organisation of Islamic Countries' (OIC) delegates, in the State capital for the Merdeka celebration.[18]
  • On 13 January 2007, a Boeing 737-200 belonging to the Gading Sari Aviation Services Sdn Bhd crash-landed[19] while attempting to land at 5.52 a.m. The aircraft's fuselage was badly damaged, and the landing gears and right engine were torn off during the crash.[20] All four crew members escaped unhurt. The airport was closed for six hours while the plane was towed away from the crash site and debris cleared from the runway. Departures and arrivals of 16 MAS and 14 AirAsia flights were delayed affecting 2,200 passengers – 1,000 passengers of MAS and 1,200 from AirAsia. An earlier flight from Kuala Lumpur had to be diverted to Miri Airport. Damages included navigational lights - eight taxi lights, five runway edge lights, two end lights, and one precision approach path indicator. It reopened at noon.[21]
  • On 2 October 2009, Malaysia Airlines Boeing 737-4H6 9M-MMR was substantially damaged when the port main undercarriage collapsed while the aircraft was parked at the gate.[22]
  • On 10 January 2011, AirAsia Flight 5218 skidded on the runway whilst landing. The incident occurred around 10:15pm during a heavy downpour. Four passengers were rushed to Sarawak General Hospital, believed to have suffered from health complications.[23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuching International Airport at Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad
  2. ^ a b WBGG - KUCHING INTERNATIONAL at Department of Civil Aviation Malaysia
  3. ^ "Pangkalan Udara Kuching" [Kuching Airbase] (in Malay). Royal Malaysian Air Force. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ Keat Gin, Ooi (18 February 1999). Rising Sun over Borneo: The Japanese Occupation of Sarawak, 1941–1945. Springer Science+Business Media. p. 28. ISBN 9781349273003. Retrieved 18 June 2016. On 26 September 1938, Kuching landing ground was situated at 7th Mile (Bukit Stabar)... 
  5. ^ Chia, Jonathan (25 December 2011). "History through a retiree's lenses". The Borneo Post. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2016. One of his photos shows a large crowd at the opening and open day of Kuching Airport on Sept 26, 1950. 
  6. ^ a b Global Asia Airports: Kuching International Airport, Malaysia
  7. ^ Global Upline KIA Expansion
  8. ^ KIA runway extension marks new era for city
  9. ^ MAS achieved zero accident rate in KIA
  10. ^ "Bid to up stake in MASwings". The Star. Retrieved 2015-08-28. 
  11. ^ "Hong Kong Airlines Adds Kuching Service from late-May 2016". airlineroute. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "MAHB Annual Report 2015" (PDF). Malaysia Airports. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016. 
  13. ^ Awards
  14. ^ The Borneo Post Online
  15. ^ The Borneo Post Online
  16. ^ Bomb scare at KIA
  17. ^ Bomb hoax at KIA again
  18. ^ MAS flight grounded by technical problem
  19. ^ Cargo aircraft crash-lands 1
  20. ^ Cargo aircraft crash-lands 2
  21. ^ Cargo aircraft crash-lands 3
  22. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 October 2009. 
  23. ^ "Aircraft skids on KIA runway". The Borneo Post Online. 11 January 2011. 
  24. ^ "Pesawat AirAsia terbabas ketika mendarat di KIA". Utusan Online. 11 January 2011. 

External links[edit]