Kudra

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Kudra
कुदरा
town
Kudra is located in Bihar
Kudra
Kudra
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62Coordinates: 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62
Country  India
State Bihar
District Kaimur (Bhabua)
Elevation 76 m (249 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 80,000
Languages
 • Official Bhojpuri, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 821108
Telephone code 91-6187
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR-45
Website www.kaimur.bih.nic.in

Kudra is a town in Kaimur district in the state of Bihar, India. It is the third largest town in Kaimur[1] district. It is situated about 18 km from District Headquarter Bhabua. Kudra was formerly known as Jehanabad. The railway station in Kudra is connected to all major railway routes.

Etymology[edit]

Kudra is named after Kudra river which flows nearby the town. It was previously known as Jehanabad.

Geography[edit]

Kudra is located at 25°03′N 83°37′E / 25.05°N 83.62°E / 25.05; 83.62.[2] It has an average elevation of 76 metres (249 feet). It is situated on the banks on Durgavati River.

Climate[edit]

Kudra's climate that is of extreme nature, which denotes that it is very hot during the summer and slightly cold during the winter season. It is ideal to visit Kudra between September and December. January is the coldest month. During this time the mean minimum temperature is almost 4 degree Celsius. Temperature is at its pinnacle in the month of May when the mercury reaches almost 45 degree Celsius. Rain begins sometime in mid June and lasts till mid September. The district receives easterly winds from June to September, and from October to May wind direction reverses. It receives optimum rainfall in the months of July and August. Sometimes winter rains occur in January.

Administration[edit]

Kudra block comes under Mohania sub-division.It is divided in 193 wards,75 villages with 15 panchayats (Jehanabad,Bahera,[3][4] Bhadaula,[5] Chilbili,[6] Derwan,[7] Devrath Kala, Khurd, Ghataon, Meura[8] Kharhana, Newras, Pachpokhari, Sakri, Salthuan, Sasna, Siswar).Kudra is a part of Mohania Vidhan Sabha constituency and SasaramLok Sabha constituency.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[9] Kudra had a population of 80,000. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Kudra has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%.

Mother Tongue of almost all the people in Kudra is Bhojpuri.The main occupation of most of the people is agriculture..

Economy[edit]

Asia's largest seed storage house

Kudra's economy is mainly driven by agriculture and related industries like rice polishing.The region is also known as Dhan Ka Katora,[10] meaning "a bowl of rice".Canal irrigation system is also very prominent in this area. Because of the fertile land around the town it is a local trading center for food grains, agricultural products, and agricultural equipment. The rice grown near Kudra is sold in the markets of Kolkata and New Delhi. Kudra is also known as Industrial city of Kaimur because 12 big rice mills and 400 mini rice mills (automatic) operates at Lalapur,[11] Sakri and Kudra.[12] Jhunjhunwala[13] group is also investing in Kudra and has opened a factory.

Bihar Rajya Bij Nigam Ltd.[edit]

In order to bring about complete self-sufficiency and self-reliance to meet the full active demand of quality seeds of high yielding varieties to the farmers of the State at reasonable price, the BRBN Ltd a public Limited Company was incorporated on July 18, 1978 under the Second National Seed Project established under the Companies Act 1956 by the Govt. Of India through the financial assistance of World Bank. There are 3 more regional offices located at Hajipur(Vaishali),Begusarai and Bhagalpur.[14][15][16]

Culture[edit]

Places[edit]

Ramlilia Maidan[17] is a popular recreational site. People attend this place in large numbers to witness Ramlila. The ground also holds activities such as cricket matches, political rallies and trade fairs.

Kali Mandir is one of the historical temples existing in Kudra town. People visit this temple in large numbers to offer their prayers to Goddess Durga.

  • Kaliasthan,Ramlila Maidan
  • Maa Kankali,Ramlila Maidan[18]
  • Badka Shivala,Ramlila Maidan
  • Chotka Shivala,Kudra Bazar[19]
  • Ram Janki & Maa Annpurna Mandir
  • Gurudwara,G.T. Road,Kudra[20]
  • Church,Chilbili,G.T. Road,Kudra[21]
  • Mosque,Kudra Bazar[22]
  • ChaturBhuji Mandir

Freedom Fighters[edit]

Kudra is noted for being a town which has sacrificed quite a few freedom fighters during India’s struggle for independence. Some of them

  • togi
  • Ramnath Rastogi
  • Muni Prasad Singh
  • Satyanaryan Lal
  • Ramadhar Tiwari
  • Lekhraj sharma
  • Rajehswari Prasad
  • Dukhi Upadhyaya
  • Shivnaryan Tiwari
  • Jang Bahadur Singh
  • Bageswari Pandey
  • Suryabhan Sahoo
  • Ramvilas Sahoo

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Kudra although football and other sports tournaments are also organised. Nishan Singh Stadium[23] near High School Jehanabad attracts visitors and people more in number whenever any cricket match is organized.

Transport[edit]

Kudra is well connected to all major parts of country by both road and railways. It is one of the best accessible places in Bihar due to its position as it geographically lies between Golden Quadrilateral highway systems and Grand Chord railway line. Thus Kudra is easily accessible from Delhi and Kolkata by both road and railways.

Nearest air connectivity available from Kudra is through Varanasi Airport.

Road[edit]

Four-lane (Being Converted into 6 lanes) National Highway 19 (Grand Trunk Road,old NH 2) crosses through the heart of city. It Connects Kudra to National Capital Delhi (888 km), Kolkata(580 km), Varanasi(84 km) and Allahabad(220 km).Daily bussses are available from Kudra to Varanasi through G.T. Road. The journey is of 2 hours.

NH 319 (old NH 30) originates from Mohania (25 km west on G.T. Road) and connect this city with the state capital Patna via Arrah through a journey of 4 hours.The town is 200 km from Patna.

Kudra is connected to its district headquarters Bhabua via State Highway 67. It is located 16 km south of Kudra. Kudra is the primary location for commuting to the people of Bhabua as it enjoys better connectivity to the rest of country.

The main mode of local transportation are buses operated by both the state government and private owners. The private buses are more frequent and easily available and connect to most of the local towns and bazaars.Small Pick-up vans are also used as a mode of local transportation from Kudra to its nearby villages.

Rail[edit]

Kudra is the Railway Station on the Howrah-New Delhi Grand Chord.

Kudra is well connected by rail with the major Indian cities like New Delhi, Kolkata, Patna, Kanpur, Allahabad, Ranchi, Gaya, Ajmer, Dehradoon, Dhanbad, Ludhiana and Varanasi.Kudra Railway Station lies on Gaya-Mughalsarai Section of Howrah-New Delhi Grand Chord Railway line. Following list contain all major trains stopping on Kudra Railway Station.Station code is 'KTQ'.[24]

The Train list:[25]

Train Number Train Name Origin Destination Frequency (inbound/outbound)
2397/98 Mahabodhi Express Gaya New Delhi Daily
3151/52 Kolkata-Jammutawi Exp Kolkata Jammutawi Daily
3307/08 Dhanbad-Ludhiana Exp[26] Dhanbad Firozpur Daily
5109/10 Budh Poornima Exp Varanasi Rajgir Daily
8611/12 Intercity Exp Varanasi Ranchi 4 days
8631/32 Garib Nwaz Exp Ranchi Ajmer 2 days
8311/12 Samabalpur Varanasi Exp Sambalpur Varanasi 2 days
3009/10 Dehradoon Exp Howrah Dehradoon Daily
3243/44 Intercity Exp (via) Gaya Bhabua Road Patna Daily
3249/50 Intercity Exp (via) Ara Bhabua Road Patna Daily

Air[edit]

Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport, Varanasi commonly known as Babatpur Airport is the nearest airport, located at a distance of 113 km from Kudra. Indian carriers including Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, Spicejet, and international carriers like Air India, Thai Airways International, Korean Air and Naaz Airlines operate from here. Daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata are available from here.

Education[edit]

Kudra still lags behind in field of basic education.Bihar has the lowest rate of literacy in India, and Kudra shares this trend. However average literacy rate of Kudra is higher than that of Bihar. Due to the lack of sources of better education, students often choose to migrate to other cities like Ranchi, Patna and Varanasi in search of better options. However the situation is improving.

Colleges

The town has limited options for higher education available. Following are the government colleges in Kudra:

  • Jagdeo Memorial College[27]
  • Parmeshwarnand Mahila College[28]

Schools

High School Kudra

There are few high schools in Kudra. While most of them are government schools,few private institutions have also opened up in recent years.Some of the popular ones are:

  • High School[29] Jehanabad
  • Ramjanki Girl High School[30] Sakri[31]
  • High School Lalapur


  • Paradise School, Lalapur
  • Heaven Garden, Bhabhua Road

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bharatonline.com/bihar/travel/kaimur/places-to-see.html
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kudra
  3. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10299003.html
  4. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11843573.html
  5. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10458208.html
  6. ^ http://hindi.yahoo.com/%E0%A4%A1-%E0%A4%A2-%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%9C%E0%A4%A8-%E0%A4%A4-%E0%A4%B0-%E0%A4%A5-%E0%A4%AF-192244127.html
  7. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11924502.html
  8. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10408663.html
  9. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/subdistrict/1448-kudra-kaimur-bihar.html
  10. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10757854.html
  11. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9193711.html
  12. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9368259.html
  13. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10396827.html
  14. ^ http://www.biharbeej.in/aboutus.htm
  15. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_6502688.html
  16. ^ http://www.rashtriyasahara.com/epapermain.aspx?queryed=13&eddate=06/19/2010
  17. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11255248.html
  18. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11345171.html
  19. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10204236.html
  20. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10885648.html
  21. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9617701.html
  22. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9093557.html
  23. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11199111.html
  24. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10393432.html
  25. ^ "KUDRA (KTQ) Railway Station Details". www.indiantrains.org. Retrieved 2015-06-24. 
  26. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_8189813.html
  27. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10402773.html
  28. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9085136.html
  29. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-11350424.html
  30. ^ http://in.jagran.yahoo.com/news/local/bihar/4_4_9052148.html
  31. ^ http://www.jagran.com/bihar/kaimoor-10299003.html