Kugel fountain

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A kugel fountain (also called a "floating" sphere fountain or by the pleonasmic name kugel ball) is a water feature or sculpture where a sphere sits in a fitted hollow in a pedestal, and is supported by a thin film of water. Pressurized water flows between the sphere and socket, creating a mechanical fluid bearing that is nearly frictionless. The sphere can weigh thousands of pounds, but the efficient bearing allows it to be spun by the force of a hand.[1] The sphere does not float, being denser than water; it is often made from granite. Ring sculptures that rotate on an axis are also built.[2]

Kugel fountains can be found all over the world. Many are at popular tourist destinations, such as science museums[3] shopping centers, lobbies, and gardens.

The term kugel is from the German word Kugel for ball or sphere.[4]

Kugel fountains[edit]

Locations of kugel fountains[edit]

[a][b][c]

Facility City Country Diameter GPS Coordinate Further information
Canyon Creek Park San Jose, CA United States 37°17′26″N 121°46′07″W / 37.290687°N 121.768548°W / 37.290687; -121.768548 [5][6]
Columbian Park Zoo Lafayette, Indiana United States 42 in. 40°24′48″N 86°52′14″W / 40.413348°N 86.870509°W / 40.413348; -86.870509 The sphere fountain is a product of Kusser Fountain Works in Germany, a gift from The McAllister Foundation.[7]
Bob Devaney Sports Center Lincoln, Nebraska United States 1.2 m (48 in)[8] 40°49′49″N 96°41′52″W / 40.830207°N 96.697644°W / 40.830207; -96.697644 Installed in 2011 by Top Stone
The Frank's Nursery and Crafts Rose Garden at Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan United States 42°43′15″N 84°28′27″W / 42.72079°N 84.47413°W / 42.72079; -84.47413 (East Lansing)
Marshall Nemer Pavilion, Lourdes Hospital Paducah, Kentucky United States Unknown
Towne Center at Cedar Lodge Baton Rouge, Louisiana United States 30°25′58″N 91°06′43″W / 30.432830°N 91.112009°W / 30.432830; -91.112009 (Baton Rouge)
Town Centre Kenilworth UK 52°20′38″N 1°34′47″W / 52.343929°N 1.579821°W / 52.343929; -1.579821
Holiday Inn Express Montreal Airport Montreal, Quebec Canada 45°27′40″N 73°43′26″W / 45.461109°N 73.723973°W / 45.461109; -73.723973 (Montreal)
Abt Electronics Glenview, Illinois United States 42°04′05″N 87°51′09″W / 42.067964°N 87.852602°W / 42.067964; -87.852602 (Glenview)
Parco Kumamoto Japan 32°48′11″N 130°42′36″E / 32.802953°N 130.710127°E / 32.802953; 130.710127 (Kumamoto)
TriHealth Fitness & Health Pavilion Cincinnati, Ohio United States 39°15′21″N 84°21′54″W / 39.255901°N 84.364927°W / 39.255901; -84.364927 (Cincinnati)
Reading Hospital Reading, Pennsylvania United States 40°19′47″N 75°56′58″W / 40.329704°N 75.949492°W / 40.329704; -75.949492 (Reading) [9]
Science Museum of Virginia (Earth kugel ball) Richmond, Virginia United States 2.653 m (104.4 in)[10][a] 37°33′39″N 77°27′58″W / 37.560761°N 77.466157°W / 37.560761; -77.466157 (Richmond, Virginia)[b][c] World's largest since 2003[10]
Science Museum of Virginia (Earth's Moon kugel ball) Richmond, Virginia United States 0.72 m (28 in)[a] 37°33′41″N 77°28′00″W / 37.561323°N 77.466698°W / 37.561323; -77.466698 (Richmond, Virginia)[b][c]
Town Centre Abingdon UK

51°40′19″N 1°16′46″W / 51.671882°N 1.279409°W / 51.671882; -1.279409

Bicentennial Capitol Mall State Park (Earth kugel ball) Nashville, Tennessee United States 1.8 m (71 in) 36°10′19″N 86°47′19″W / 36.172008°N 86.788634°W / 36.172008; -86.788634 (Nashville, Tennessee)[b][c] World War II Memorial 18,000 lb (8,200 kg) lbs[11]
Virginia Zoological Park Norfolk, Virginia United States 36°52′43″N 76°16′28″W / 36.8786°N 76.2744°W / 36.8786; -76.2744 (Norfolk, VA) Manufactured by http://www.waterfountains.com
International Mission Board Richmond, Virginia United States 37°34′06″N 77°28′56″W / 37.5683565°N 77.4822119°W / 37.5683565; -77.4822119 (Richmond, Virginia)
Millennium Plaza Omaha, Nebraska United States 41°15′51″N 96°09′44″W / 41.264191°N 96.162198°W / 41.264191; -96.162198 (Omaha, Nebraska)
Forrest Place Perth, Western Australia Australia 31°57′10″S 115°51′33″E / 31.952756°S 115.859182°E / -31.952756; 115.859182 (Perth)
The University of Western Australia, CS Department Perth, Western Australia Australia 31°58′40″S 115°48′59″E / 31.97781°S 115.81645°E / -31.97781; 115.81645 (Perth) Installed 2009
Questacon Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Australia 35°17′53″S 149°07′53″E / 35.298158°S 149.131507°E / -35.298158; 149.131507 (Canberra)
SkyHigh Mount Dandenong Victoria (Australia) Australia 37°49′37″S 145°21′10″E / 37.826974°S 145.3528°E / -37.826974; 145.3528 (SkyHigh Mount Dandenong)
Mississippi College Clinton, Mississippi United States 32°20′11″N 90°19′45″W / 32.336269°N 90.329185°W / 32.336269; -90.329185 (Mississippi College)
Feldkirch Austria Unknown
Erlangen Germany 49°35′44″N 11°00′19″E / 49.595552°N 11.005286°E / 49.595552; 11.005286 (Erlangen)
Hanse-Viertel Hamburg Germany 2.11 m 53°33′10″N 9°59′17″E / 53.552890°N 9.988048°E / 53.552890; 9.988048 (Hamburg) Installed in 2012[12]
University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, Colorado United States 40°00′26″N 105°15′43″W / 40.007360°N 105.261906°W / 40.007360; -105.261906 (CUBoulder)
29th Street Mall Boulder, Colorado United States 40°01′02″N 105°15′21″W / 40.01715°N 105.25585°W / 40.01715; -105.25585 (Boulder)
Belmar Shopping Center Lakewood, Colorado United States 39°42′31″N 105°04′39″W / 39.708726°N 105.077594°W / 39.708726; -105.077594 (Lakewood, Colorado) Manufactured by http://www.waterfountains.com
Langenfeld Germany 51°06′35″N 6°56′55″E / 51.109795°N 6.948499°E / 51.109795; 6.948499 (Langenfeld)
Kansas City Life Insurance Company Kansas City, Missouri United States 39°03′49″N 94°35′27″W / 39.063666°N 94.590743°W / 39.063666; -94.590743 (Kansas City, Missouri)
Railroad Plaza Lansdale, Pennsylvania United States 40°14′35″N 75°17′09″W / 40.243083°N 75.285833°W / 40.243083; -75.285833 (Lansdale)
Amarillo, Texas United States 35°12′25″N 101°49′51″W / 35.207017°N 101.830733°W / 35.207017; -101.830733 (Amarillo)
Te Papa Museum Wellington New Zealand 41°17′26″S 174°46′53″E / 41.290556°S 174.781389°E / -41.290556; 174.781389 (Wellington)
Carsington Water Visitor Center Derbyshire England 53°03′37″N 1°38′31″W / 53.060217°N 1.641850°W / 53.060217; -1.641850 (Derbyshire)
Cancer Survivors Plaza Dallas, Texas United States 32°47′10″N 96°47′45″W / 32.786083°N 96.795739°W / 32.786083; -96.795739 (Dallas)
Railroad Community Park Santa Paula, California, United States 34°21′21″N 119°03′37″W / 34.35597°N 119.0604°W / 34.35597; -119.0604 (Santa Paula, California)
Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex Merritt Island, Florida United States 28°31′21″N 80°40′52″W / 28.522486°N 80.681198°W / 28.522486; -80.681198 (Cape Canaveral)
Bloch Cancer Survivors Plaza (park) Columbus, Ohio United States 40°00′26″N 83°01′22″W / 40.007172°N 83.022688°W / 40.007172; -83.022688 (Columbus, Ohio)
The Mall at Tuttle Crossing Columbus, Ohio United States Unknown
COSI Columbus Columbus, Ohio United States Unknown
Holliday Park Nature Center Indianapolis, Indiana United States 39°52′18″N 86°09′41″W / 39.871552°N 86.161384°W / 39.871552; -86.161384 (Holliday Park sphere)
Disneyland Resort Anaheim, California United States 33°48′43″N 117°55′01″W / 33.811818°N 117.917062°W / 33.811818; -117.917062 (Disneyland Resort)
California Baptist University Riverside, California United States 33°55′48″N 117°25′30″W / 33.93°N 117.425°W / 33.93; -117.425 (California Baptist University)
Magic Kingdom Walt Disney World Orlando, Florida United States 28°25′07″N 81°34′45″W / 28.4186592°N 81.5792516°W / 28.4186592; -81.5792516 (Walt Disney World Resort)
Dundarave West Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 49°20′00″N 123°10′57″W / 49.333258°N 123.182506°W / 49.333258; -123.182506 (West Vancouver)[b][c]
WestJet Headquarters Calgary, Alberta Canada 51°07′17″N 114°00′32″W / 51.121511°N 114.008751°W / 51.121511; -114.008751 (WestJet)[b][c] Manufactured by http://www.waterfountains.com
Coleman-Morse Center Notre Dame, Indiana United States 41°42′03″N 86°14′26″W / 41.700701°N 86.240622°W / 41.700701; -86.240622 (Notre Dame, Indiana) [13]
Chinatown Victoria, British Columbia Canada 48°25′45″N 123°22′01″W / 48.429117°N 123.366900°W / 48.429117; -123.366900 (Kugel ball at Chinatown)[b][c] Floating metal sphere, not a Kugel ball
Nike Campus Beaverton, Oregon United States Unknown
Amtrak Station Bakersfield, California United States 35°22′20″N 119°00′29″W / 35.372165°N 119.008178°W / 35.372165; -119.008178 (Bakersfield)
Square des longs-prés Boulogne-Billancourt, Île de France France 48°49′56″N 2°14′47″E / 48.832248°N 2.24638°E / 48.832248; 2.24638 (Boulogne-Billancourt)
Casino Grand Cercle Aix-les-Bains France 45°41′20″N 5°54′50″E / 45.68889°N 5.91389°E / 45.68889; 5.91389
Rue de Bretagne Alençon France 48°25′53″N 0°04′38″E / 48.431505°N 0.077226°E / 48.431505; 0.077226 (Alençon)
Près-La-Rose natural park Montbéliard France 47°30′21″N 6°48′11″E / 47.50583°N 6.80306°E / 47.50583; 6.80306
Paultons Park Hampshire England 50°56′56″N 1°33′08″W / 50.94887°N 1.552355°W / 50.94887; -1.552355 (Hampshire) [14]
Parco Commerciale Dora Turin Italy 45°05′15″N 7°40′05″E / 45.087556°N 7.668025°E / 45.087556; 7.668025 (Turin)
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Gatlinburg, Tennessee United States 35°42′41″N 83°31′06″W / 35.711403°N 83.518453°W / 35.711403; -83.518453 (Gatlinburg, Tennessee)
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Myrtle Beach, South Carolina United States 33°41′32″N 78°52′47″W / 33.692292°N 78.879789°W / 33.692292; -78.879789
Guinness World Records Museum Niagara Falls, Ontario Canada 43°05′31″N 79°04′34″W / 43.091872°N 79.075985°W / 43.091872; -79.075985 (Niagara Falls)
Canyon Visitor Education Center Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming United States 44°44′05″N 110°29′31″W / 44.734717°N 110.491888°W / 44.734717; -110.491888 (Yellowstone)
Rotuaari pedestrian street Oulu Finland Unknown
Milwaukee County Zoo Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States 43°08′03″N 87°57′21″W / 43.134167°N 87.955833°W / 43.134167; -87.955833 (Milwaukee)
San Diego Zoo Safari Park Escondido, California United States .6 m (24 in)[a] 33°05′55″N 116°59′56″W / 33.09866°N 116.99889°W / 33.09866; -116.99889
Henry Doorly Zoo Omaha, Nebraska United States 41°13′31″N 95°55′41″W / 41.225158°N 95.927939°W / 41.225158; -95.927939 (Omaha)
Duke Power Charlotte, North Carolina United States 35°13′33″N 80°51′02″W / 35.2258014°N 80.8505208°W / 35.2258014; -80.8505208 (Charlotte)
Oak Court Mall Memphis, Tennessee United States 35°07′02″N 89°54′48″W / 35.117305°N 89.913378°W / 35.117305; -89.913378 (Memphis)
Kaggensgatan Pedestrian Street Kalmar Sweden 56°39′42″N 16°21′52″E / 56.661616°N 16.364538°E / 56.661616; 16.364538 (Kalmar, Sweden)
Palmengarten Frankfurt am Main Germany Unknown
Casino Velden Velden Austria 46°36′55″N 14°02′35″E / 46.615243°N 14.043190°E / 46.615243; 14.043190 (Casino Velden)
Iowa State Fairgrounds Des Moines, Iowa United States 41°35′44″N 93°33′04″W / 41.595546°N 93.551049°W / 41.595546; -93.551049 (Des Moines)
Davison Township Police Department Davison, Michigan United States 43°01′38″N 83°33′21″W / 43.027255°N 83.555757°W / 43.027255; -83.555757 (Davison, Michigan)
Malaya Sadovaya Street Saint Petersburg Russia 59°56′03″N 30°20′15″E / 59.93421°N 30.33744°E / 59.93421; 30.33744 (St. Petersburg)
Lausanne Switzerland Unknown
Kursaal Bern Switzerland 46°57′10″N 7°26′58″E / 46.952857°N 7.449401°E / 46.952857; 7.449401 (Bern)
Zürichhorn Zürich Switzerland 47°21′12″N 8°33′07″E / 47.35321°N 8.55182°E / 47.35321; 8.55182 (Zürich)
Hämeenpuisto Tampere Finland 61°29′52″N 23°45′07″E / 61.497792°N 23.751926°E / 61.497792; 23.751926 (Tampere, Finland)
Triq it-Torri Sliema Malta 35°54′53″N 14°29′47″E / 35.914802°N 14.496526°E / 35.914802; 14.496526 (Triq it-Torri)
Lyngby Storcenter Lyngby Denmark 55°46′17″N 12°30′21″E / 55.771329°N 12.505888°E / 55.771329; 12.505888 (Lyngby, Denmark)
Morton Arboretum Illinois United States 41°48′50″N 88°04′12″W / 41.81393°N 88.06997°W / 41.81393; -88.06997 (Morton Arboretum)
Casa de las Ciencias A Coruña Spain 43°21′42″N 8°24′50″W / 43.3618°N 8.413951°W / 43.3618; -8.413951 (A Coruña, Spain)
Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología Alcobendas, Madrid Spain 40°32′16″N 3°38′26″W / 40.537837°N 3.640595°W / 40.537837; -3.640595 (Alcobendas, Spain)
Louisville Zoo Louisville, Kentucky United States 38°12′20″N 85°42′25″W / 38.205438°N 85.707023°W / 38.205438; -85.707023 (Louisville, Kentucky)
Somerset Collection Troy, Michigan United States 42°33′41″N 83°11′2″W / 42.56139°N 83.18389°W / 42.56139; -83.18389 (Troy, Michigan)
Pacific Science Center Seattle, Washington United States 47°37′9″N 122°21′4″W / 47.61917°N 122.35111°W / 47.61917; -122.35111 (Seattle)
Temaikèn Park Belén de Escobar, Buenos Aires Province Argentina 34°22′00″S 58°48′16″W / 34.366725°S 58.804462°W / -34.366725; -58.804462 (Buenos Aires)
Utah's Hogle Zoo Salt Lake City, Utah United States 40°44′59″N 111°48′59″W / 40.7496150°N 111.8162750°W / 40.7496150; -111.8162750
Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United States 39°58′48″N 75°09′22″W / 39.980071°N 75.156248°W / 39.980071; -75.156248 (Philadelphia) Manufactured by http://www.waterfountains.com
Lobby of the Radisson Blu Hotel Salwa, Kuwait City Kuwait 29°22′30″N 48°05′14″E / 29.375°N 48.08722°E / 29.375; 48.08722
Westpark Munich Germany 48°07′23″N 11°31′52″E / 48.122954°N 11.531178°E / 48.122954; 11.531178 (Munich)
W5 Interactive Discovery Centre Belfast Northern Ireland 54°36′14″N 5°54′56″W / 54.603768°N 5.91560°W / 54.603768; -5.91560 (Belfast)
ConocoPhillips Campus Houston, Texas United States 29°47′18″N 95°36′49″W / 29.788273°N 95.613542°W / 29.788273; -95.613542 (Houston, Texas)
Techniquest Cardiff Wales 51°27′46″N 3°10′05″W / 51.462671°N 3.168174°W / 51.462671; -3.168174 (Cardiff)
Water Tower Plaza Gilbert, Arizona United States 33°21′17″N 111°47′28″W / 33.354769°N 111.790991°W / 33.354769; -111.790991 (Gilbert, Arizona)
Whatcom Community College Bellingham, Washington United States 48°47′43″N 122°29′37″W / 48.79534°N 122.493681°W / 48.79534; -122.493681 (Bellingham, Washington)
Donbass Arena Donetsk Ukraine 48°01′15″N 37°48′34″E / 48.02083°N 37.80944°E / 48.02083; 37.80944 (Donetsk, Ukraine)
Park Zdrojowy Polanica-Zdrój Poland 50°24′35″N 16°30′37″E / 50.409609°N 16.51015°E / 50.409609; 16.51015 (Polanica-Zdrój, Poland) [15]
"The Solar System" Tarnów Poland 50°00′30″N 20°58′31″E / 50.008342°N 20.975346°E / 50.008342; 20.975346 (Tarnów, Poland) [16]
"Discovery", Columbus Learning Center Columbus, Indiana United States 39°15′10″N 85°54′08″W / 39.252718°N 85.902096°W / 39.252718; -85.902096 (Columbus Learning Center) [17]
Bengaluru International Airport Terminal Bangalore India 13°11′56″N 77°42′20″E / 13.1989°N 77.7056°E / 13.1989; 77.7056
Fry's Electronics San Marcos, California United States 1.0 m (40 in) 33°08′14″N 117°11′02″W / 33.13712°N 117.183952°W / 33.13712; -117.183952
Byrkjedalstunet Rogaland Norway 58°46′46″N 6°19′01″E / 58.779475°N 6.317047°E / 58.779475; 6.317047
Flåm Sogn og Fjordane Norway 60°51′49″N 7°07′01″E / 60.863663°N 7.117002°E / 60.863663; 7.117002
Tulsa Zoo Tulsa, Oklahoma United States 36°12′46″N 95°54′21″W / 36.212724°N 95.905802°W / 36.212724; -95.905802 (Tulsa Zoo)
The State Botanical Garden of Georgia Athens, Georgia United States 33°54′04″N 83°22′59″W / 33.901103°N 83.383138°W / 33.901103; -83.383138 (Athens, Georgia) [18]
Canton Ohio Downtown Canton, Ohio United States 40.798682°N −81.374644°W Destroyed By Vandals
Centrum of Tjuvholmen Aker brygge Oslo Norway 59°54′34″N 10°43′26″E / 59.909499°N 10.723976°E / 59.909499; 10.723976
McKenzie Park Hermiston, Oregon United States 45°50′21″N 119°17′28″W / 45.839161°N 119.291164°W / 45.839161; -119.291164
Houston Museum of Natural Science Houston, TX United States 29°43′19″N 95°23′25″W / 29.721932°N 95.390239°W / 29.721932; -95.390239
Outside the Bull Inn Bracknell England 51°25′00″N 0°45′03″W / 51.416716°N 0.750762°W / 51.416716; -0.750762 (The Bull Bracknell UK) [19]
Elon University, Numen Lumen Pavilion Elon, North Carolina United States 36°06′09″N 79°30′08″W / 36.102485°N 79.502274°W / 36.102485; -79.502274 (Elon University UK) Meditation garden
Hollywood Guinness Museum Los Angeles United States 34°06′05″N 118°20′17″W / 34.1012808°N 118.3380203°W / 34.1012808; -118.3380203[c] 10,958 lb (4,970 kg) lbs[20]
Robert E. Freeman Memorial Park Providence, Rhode Island United States 41°49′20″N 71°24′50″W / 41.822196°N 71.413868°W / 41.822196; -71.413868[c]
Private home Superior Township, Michigan United States 1.2192 m (4 feet) 42°19′25″N 83°35′52″W / 42.323598°N 83.597744°W / 42.323598; -83.597744 2540 kg (5600 lbs)
Herrenschreiberstraße Rheine Germany 52°16′39″N 7°26′19″W / 52.277445°N 7.438585°W / 52.277445; -7.438585,
Tibusplatz Münster Germany 51°57′57″N 7°37′38″W / 51.965940°N 7.627233°W / 51.965940; -7.627233,
Predmostnaya Ploshchad Krasnoyarsk Russia 1.40 m (55 in) 55°59′30″N 92°53′16″E / 55.991543°N 92.8879158°E / 55.991543; 92.8879158 The city has 6 kugel balls.
Morgan Stanley La Jolla, California United States 32°50′53″N 117°16′25″W / 32.848190°N 117.273526°W / 32.848190; -117.273526,
Storyland Glen, New Hampshire United States 44°7′1.71″N 71°10′51.81″W / 44.1171417°N 71.1810583°W / 44.1171417; -71.1810583,
Outside Mellow Mushroom Mount Pleasant, South Carolina United States 32°52′00″N 79°47′06″W / 32.866696°N 79.785005°W / 32.866696; -79.785005
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Baltimore, Maryland United States 39°17′07″N 76°36′43″W / 39.285164°N 76.612068°W / 39.285164; -76.612068
City Center, Riesenstraße Kaiserslautern, Rheinland-Pfalz Germany 49°26′34″N 7°46′14″E / 49.442902°N 7.770518°E / 49.442902; 7.770518
Miracle Field Murfreesboro, Tennessee United States Located at McKnight Park. Kugel ball is a representative of a baseball, and bears the signature of Boston Red Sox pitcher and Murfreesboro native David Price. Miracle Field was constructed with funds from Price's charity, Project One Four. The facility will open on 6 May 2017.[21]
SAP SE Headquarters Walldorf Germany 1.50 m

Notes[edit]

[a] [b] [c]

  1. ^ a b c d e Approximate
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Visible from Google satellite view
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Visible from Google street view

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Snoeijer, Jacco H.; van der Weele, Ko (November 2014). "Physics of the granite sphere fountain". American Journal of Physics. 82 (11): 1029–39. doi:10.1119/1.4886365. 
  2. ^ "Ring water feature". Brahma Granitech, India. Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  3. ^ Amanda Oaks, Richmond in the Record Books, Richmond.com, 18 August, [2004], Retrieved on 18 September 2007
  4. ^ "German-English dictionary: Kugel translation". Reverso.net. Retrieved 21 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Plazas & Public Art". www.dillondesignassociates.com. Retrieved 2017-09-05. 
  6. ^ http://www.dillondesignassociates.com/Canyon3.JPG.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Fountain Plaza and Sculptures | Lafayette, IN – Official Website". www.lafayette.in.gov. Retrieved 2016-09-13. 
  8. ^ "Top Stone, Inc. is Excited to Announce 'World's Largest' 4 Foot/5,500 Pound Basketball Rolling Sphere Fountain at 'Cornhuskers' Nebraska Devany Sports Complex". PRWeb. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  9. ^ ReadingEagle.com: Healing garden at Reading Hospital allows visitors to reflect (image caption)
  10. ^ a b "Largest kugel". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  11. ^ Bicentennial Park Map
  12. ^ "Biggest Granite Sphere in Western Europe for Hamburg". Allianz-Realestate. Retrieved 2017-04-30. 
  13. ^ Notre Dame Magazine Online, Summer 2001, Retrieved on 31 July 2008
  14. ^ Paultons Park, Summer 2008, Retrieved on 15 June 2009
  15. ^ ATRAKCJE TURYSTYCZNE: POLANICA ZDRÓJ, summer 2017, Retrieved on 8 August 2017 (in Polish)
  16. ^ Kosmiczna fontanna w Tarnowie juz dziala, Spring 2011, Retrieved on 5 June 2011 (in Polish)
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ The State Botanical Garden of Georgia: Art in the Garden Retrieved on 30 May 2012
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ Hollywood Guinness Museum
  21. ^ Miracle Field Grand Opening This Saturday in Murfreesboro

External links[edit]