Kugel fountain

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Principle of operation of a Kugel fountain
(A) Water flowing between the sphere and its shaped holder lifts the ball slightly.
(B) Water flows over the sides into a reservoir.
(C) Water is pumped back in an endless loop.
(D) Pump.
(E) Ball can easily be moved by hand.

A kugel fountain (also called a "floating" sphere fountain or by the pleonasmic name kugel ball) is a water feature or sculpture where a sphere sits in a fitted hollow in a pedestal, and is supported by aquaplaning on a thin film of water. Pressurized water flows between the sphere and socket, creating a mechanical fluid bearing that is nearly frictionless. The sphere can weigh thousands of kilograms, but the efficient bearing allows it to be spun by the force of a hand.[1] The sphere does not float, being denser than water; it is often made from granite.[2] The hydraulics of the fountain can be controlled so that the axis of rotation of the sphere changes continually.[3] Ring sculptures that rotate on an axis are also built.[3][4]

Kugel fountains can be found all over the world. Many are at popular tourist destinations, such as science museums[5] shopping centers, lobbies, and gardens.

The term kugel is from the German word Kugel for ball or sphere.[6]

Kugel fountains[edit]

Locations of kugel fountains[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

[a][b][c]

Facility City Country Diameter GPS Coordinate Further information
Temaikèn Park Belén de Escobar, Buenos Aires Province Argentina 34°22′00″S 58°48′16″W / 34.366725°S 58.804462°W / -34.366725; -58.804462 (Buenos Aires)
Feldkirch Austria Unknown
Casino Innsbruck Innsbruck Austria ball-Ø 120 cm, base: 6 x Ø 1.9 m x 12 cm 47°15′46″N 11°23′46″E / 47.262688°N 11.396148°E / 47.262688; 11.396148 This kugelbrunnen (English: kugel fountain) is located in front of the Casino Innsbruck at Salurner Straße 15 in Innsbruck, Austria. Installed 2000 - Welte IHT - https://kusser.com/en_INT/portfolio/ball-fountain-casino-innsbruck/
Casino Velden Velden Austria 46°36′55″N 14°02′35″E / 46.615243°N 14.043190°E / 46.615243; 14.043190 (Casino Velden)
Questacon Canberra, Australian Capital Territory Australia 35°17′53″S 149°07′53″E / 35.298158°S 149.131507°E / -35.298158; 149.131507 (Canberra)
Bowral, New South Wales Australia 34°28′38″S 150°25′05″E / 34.477105°S 150.418071°E / -34.477105; 150.418071
Casuarina Square Darwin, Northern Territory Australia 12°22′32″S 130°52′57″E / 12.375488°S 130.882411°E / -12.375488; 130.882411
SkyHigh Mount Dandenong Victoria Australia 37°49′37″S 145°21′10″E / 37.826974°S 145.3528°E / -37.826974; 145.3528 (SkyHigh Mount Dandenong)
Forrest Place Perth, Western Australia Australia 31°57′10″S 115°51′33″E / 31.952756°S 115.859182°E / -31.952756; 115.859182 (Perth)
The University of Western Australia, CS Department Perth, Western Australia Australia 31°58′40″S 115°48′59″E / 31.97781°S 115.81645°E / -31.97781; 115.81645 (Perth) Installed 2009
WestJet Headquarters Calgary, Alberta Canada 51°07′17″N 114°00′32″W / 51.121511°N 114.008751°W / 51.121511; -114.008751 (WestJet)[b][c]
Chinatown Victoria, British Columbia Canada 48°25′45″N 123°22′01″W / 48.429117°N 123.366900°W / 48.429117; -123.366900 (Kugel ball at Chinatown)[b][c] Floating metal sphere, not a Kugel ball
Dundarave West Vancouver, British Columbia Canada 49°20′00″N 123°10′57″W / 49.333258°N 123.182506°W / 49.333258; -123.182506 (West Vancouver)[b][c]
Guinness World Records Museum Niagara Falls, Ontario Canada 43°05′31″N 79°04′34″W / 43.091872°N 79.075985°W / 43.091872; -79.075985 (Niagara Falls)
Holiday Inn Express Montreal Airport Montreal, Quebec Canada 45°27′40″N 73°43′26″W / 45.461109°N 73.723973°W / 45.461109; -73.723973 (Montreal)
Lyngby Storcenter Lyngby Denmark 55°46′17″N 12°30′21″E / 55.771329°N 12.505888°E / 55.771329; 12.505888 (Lyngby, Denmark)
Rotuaari pedestrian street Oulu Finland Unknown
Hämeenpuisto Tampere Finland 61°29′52″N 23°45′07″E / 61.497792°N 23.751926°E / 61.497792; 23.751926 (Tampere, Finland)
Casino Grand Cercle Aix-les-Bains France 45°41′20″N 5°54′50″E / 45.68889°N 5.91389°E / 45.68889; 5.91389
Rue de Bretagne Alençon France 48°25′53″N 0°04′38″E / 48.431505°N 0.077226°E / 48.431505; 0.077226 (Alençon)
Square des longs-prés Boulogne-Billancourt, Île de France France 48°49′56″N 2°14′47″E / 48.832248°N 2.24638°E / 48.832248; 2.24638 (Boulogne-Billancourt)
Près-La-Rose natural park Montbéliard France 47°30′21″N 6°48′11″E / 47.50583°N 6.80306°E / 47.50583; 6.80306
Spreebogen Berlin Germany 1.50 m 52°31′23″N 13°20′49″E / 52.522983°N 13.346974°E / 52.522983; 13.346974 Architect: Stephan Haan; Material: Granite[8]
Erlangen Germany 49°35′44″N 11°00′19″E / 49.595552°N 11.005286°E / 49.595552; 11.005286 (Erlangen)
Palmengarten Frankfurt am Main Germany 50°07′00″N 8°41′00″E / 50.116667°N 8.683333°E / 50.116667; 8.683333 (Frankfurt am Main)
Hanse-Viertel Hamburg Germany 2.11 m 53°33′10″N 9°59′17″E / 53.552890°N 9.988048°E / 53.552890; 9.988048 (Hamburg) Installed in 2012[9]
Westpark Munich Germany 48°07′23″N 11°31′52″E / 48.122954°N 11.531178°E / 48.122954; 11.531178 (Munich)
Tibusplatz Münster Germany 51°57′57″N 7°37′38″W / 51.965940°N 7.627233°W / 51.965940; -7.627233,
Herrenschreiberstraße Rheine Germany 52°16′39″N 7°26′19″W / 52.277445°N 7.438585°W / 52.277445; -7.438585,
City Center, Riesenstraße Kaiserslautern, Rheinland-Pfalz Germany 49°26′34″N 7°46′14″E / 49.442902°N 7.770518°E / 49.442902; 7.770518
Langenfeld Germany 51°06′35″N 6°56′55″E / 51.109795°N 6.948499°E / 51.109795; 6.948499 (Langenfeld)
Calwer Straße Stuttgart Germany 1.00 m 48°46′35″N 9°10′27″E / 48.77634268°N 9.17419541°E / 48.77634268; 9.17419541
SAP SE Headquarters Walldorf Germany 1.50 m
Parco Commerciale Dora Turin Italy 45°05′15″N 7°40′05″E / 45.087556°N 7.668025°E / 45.087556; 7.668025 (Turin)
Bengaluru International Airport Terminal Bangalore India 13°11′56″N 77°42′20″E / 13.1989°N 77.7056°E / 13.1989; 77.7056
W5 Interactive Discovery Centre Belfast Northern Ireland 54°36′14″N 5°54′56″W / 54.603768°N 5.91560°W / 54.603768; -5.91560 (Belfast)
Parco Kumamoto Japan 32°48′11″N 130°42′36″E / 32.802953°N 130.710127°E / 32.802953; 130.710127 (Kumamoto)
Lobby of the Radisson Blu Hotel Salwa, Kuwait City Kuwait 29°22′30″N 48°05′14″E / 29.375°N 48.08722°E / 29.375; 48.08722
Triq it-Torri Sliema Malta 35°54′53″N 14°29′47″E / 35.914802°N 14.496526°E / 35.914802; 14.496526 (Triq it-Torri)
Te Papa Museum Wellington New Zealand 41°17′26″S 174°46′53″E / 41.290556°S 174.781389°E / -41.290556; 174.781389 (Wellington)
Centrum of Tjuvholmen Aker brygge Oslo Norway 59°54′34″N 10°43′26″E / 59.909499°N 10.723976°E / 59.909499; 10.723976
Byrkjedalstunet Rogaland Norway 58°46′46″N 6°19′01″E / 58.779475°N 6.317047°E / 58.779475; 6.317047
Flåm Sogn og Fjordane Norway 60°51′49″N 7°07′01″E / 60.863663°N 7.117002°E / 60.863663; 7.117002
Park Zdrojowy Polanica-Zdrój Poland 50°24′35″N 16°30′37″E / 50.409609°N 16.51015°E / 50.409609; 16.51015 (Polanica-Zdrój, Poland) [10]
"The Solar System" Tarnów Poland 50°00′30″N 20°58′31″E / 50.008342°N 20.975346°E / 50.008342; 20.975346 (Tarnów, Poland) [11]
Predmostnaya Ploshchad Krasnoyarsk Russia 1.40 m (55 in) 55°59′30″N 92°53′16″E / 55.991543°N 92.8879158°E / 55.991543; 92.8879158 The city has 6 kugel balls.
Malaya Sadovaya Street Saint Petersburg Russia 59°56′03″N 30°20′15″E / 59.93421°N 30.33744°E / 59.93421; 30.33744 (St. Petersburg)
Petnica Valjevo Serbia 44°15′36″N 19°55′43″E / 44.2599°N 19.9286°E / 44.2599; 19.9286
Casa de las Ciencias A Coruña Spain 43°21′42″N 8°24′50″W / 43.3618°N 8.413951°W / 43.3618; -8.413951 (A Coruña, Spain)
Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología Alcobendas, Madrid Spain 40°32′16″N 3°38′26″W / 40.537837°N 3.640595°W / 40.537837; -3.640595 (Alcobendas, Spain)
Kaggensgatan Pedestrian Street Kalmar Sweden 56°39′42″N 16°21′52″E / 56.661616°N 16.364538°E / 56.661616; 16.364538 (Kalmar, Sweden)
Kursaal Bern Switzerland 46°57′10″N 7°26′58″E / 46.952857°N 7.449401°E / 46.952857; 7.449401 (Bern)
Lausanne Switzerland Unknown
Zürichhorn Zürich Switzerland 47°21′12″N 8°33′07″E / 47.35321°N 8.55182°E / 47.35321; 8.55182 (Zürich)
Donbass Arena Donetsk Ukraine 48°01′15″N 37°48′34″E / 48.02083°N 37.80944°E / 48.02083; 37.80944 (Donetsk, Ukraine)
Town Centre Abingdon England

51°40′19″N 1°16′46″W / 51.671882°N 1.279409°W / 51.671882; -1.279409

Outside the Bull Inn Bracknell England 51°25′00″N 0°45′03″W / 51.416716°N 0.750762°W / 51.416716; -0.750762 (The Bull Bracknell UK) [12]
Carsington Water Visitor Center Derbyshire England 53°03′37″N 1°38′31″W / 53.060217°N 1.641850°W / 53.060217; -1.641850 (Derbyshire)
Paultons Park Hampshire England 50°56′56″N 1°33′08″W / 50.94887°N 1.552355°W / 50.94887; -1.552355 (Hampshire) [13]
Town Centre Kenilworth England 52°20′38″N 1°34′47″W / 52.343929°N 1.579821°W / 52.343929; -1.579821
Techniquest Cardiff Wales 51°27′46″N 3°10′05″W / 51.462671°N 3.168174°W / 51.462671; -3.168174 (Cardiff)
Amarillo, Texas United States 35°12′25″N 101°49′51″W / 35.207017°N 101.830733°W / 35.207017; -101.830733 (Amarillo)
"Discovery", Columbus Learning Center Columbus, Indiana United States 39°15′10″N 85°54′08″W / 39.252718°N 85.902096°W / 39.252718; -85.902096 (Columbus Learning Center) [14]
Downtown Gilbert Watertower Gilbert, Arizona United States
Water Tower Plaza Gilbert, Arizona United States 33°21′17″N 111°47′28″W / 33.354769°N 111.790991°W / 33.354769; -111.790991 (Gilbert, Arizona)
Disneyland Anaheim, California United States 33°48′43″N 117°55′01″W / 33.811818°N 117.917062°W / 33.811818; -117.917062 (Disneyland Resort)
Disney California Adventure Park Anaheim, California United States 33°48'16.6"N 117°55'17.0"W
Amtrak Station Bakersfield, California United States 35°22′20″N 119°00′29″W / 35.372165°N 119.008178°W / 35.372165; -119.008178 (Bakersfield)
San Diego Zoo Safari Park Escondido, California United States .6 m (24 in)[a] 33°05′55″N 116°59′56″W / 33.09866°N 116.99889°W / 33.09866; -116.99889
Hollywood Guinness Museum Los Angeles, California United States 34°06′05″N 118°20′17″W / 34.1012808°N 118.3380203°W / 34.1012808; -118.3380203[c] 10,958 lb (4,970 kg) lbs[15]
Morgan Stanley La Jolla, California United States 32°50′53″N 117°16′25″W / 32.848190°N 117.273526°W / 32.848190; -117.273526,
California Baptist University Riverside, California United States 33°55′48″N 117°25′30″W / 33.93°N 117.425°W / 33.93; -117.425 (California Baptist University)
Canyon Creek Park San Jose, CA United States 37°17′26″N 121°46′07″W / 37.290687°N 121.768548°W / 37.290687; -121.768548 [16][17]
Fry's Electronics San Marcos, California United States 1.0 m (40 in) 33°08′14″N 117°11′02″W / 33.13712°N 117.183952°W / 33.13712; -117.183952
Railroad Community Park Santa Paula, California, United States 34°21′21″N 119°03′37″W / 34.35597°N 119.0604°W / 34.35597; -119.0604 (Santa Paula, California)
29th Street Mall Boulder, Colorado United States 40°01′02″N 105°15′21″W / 40.01715°N 105.25585°W / 40.01715; -105.25585 (Boulder)
University of Colorado at Boulder Boulder, Colorado United States 40°00′26″N 105°15′43″W / 40.007360°N 105.261906°W / 40.007360; -105.261906 (CUBoulder)
Belmar Shopping Center Lakewood, Colorado United States 39°42′31″N 105°04′39″W / 39.708726°N 105.077594°W / 39.708726; -105.077594 (Lakewood, Colorado)
Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex Merritt Island, Florida United States 28°31′21″N 80°40′52″W / 28.522486°N 80.681198°W / 28.522486; -80.681198 (Cape Canaveral)
Magic Kingdom Walt Disney World Orlando, Florida United States 28°25′07″N 81°34′45″W / 28.4186592°N 81.5792516°W / 28.4186592; -81.5792516 (Walt Disney World Resort)
The State Botanical Garden of Georgia Athens, Georgia United States 33°54′04″N 83°22′59″W / 33.901103°N 83.383138°W / 33.901103; -83.383138 (Athens, Georgia) [18]
Morton Arboretum Illinois United States 41°48′50″N 88°04′12″W / 41.81393°N 88.06997°W / 41.81393; -88.06997 (Morton Arboretum)
Abt Electronics Glenview, Illinois United States 42°04′05″N 87°51′09″W / 42.067964°N 87.852602°W / 42.067964; -87.852602 (Glenview)
Holliday Park Nature Center Indianapolis, Indiana United States 39°52′18″N 86°09′41″W / 39.871552°N 86.161384°W / 39.871552; -86.161384 (Holliday Park sphere)
Columbian Park Zoo Lafayette, Indiana United States 42 in. 40°24′48″N 86°52′14″W / 40.413348°N 86.870509°W / 40.413348; -86.870509 The sphere fountain is a product of Kusser Fountain Works in Germany, a gift from The McAllister Foundation.[19]
Coleman-Morse Center Notre Dame, Indiana United States 41°42′03″N 86°14′26″W / 41.700701°N 86.240622°W / 41.700701; -86.240622 (Notre Dame, Indiana) [20]
Iowa State Fairgrounds Des Moines, Iowa United States 41°35′44″N 93°33′04″W / 41.595546°N 93.551049°W / 41.595546; -93.551049 (Des Moines)
Louisville Zoo Louisville, Kentucky United States 38°12′20″N 85°42′25″W / 38.205438°N 85.707023°W / 38.205438; -85.707023 (Louisville, Kentucky)
Marshall Nemer Pavilion, Lourdes Hospital Paducah, Kentucky United States Unknown
Towne Center at Cedar Lodge Baton Rouge, Louisiana United States 30°25′58″N 91°06′43″W / 30.432830°N 91.112009°W / 30.432830; -91.112009 (Baton Rouge)
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Baltimore, Maryland United States 39°17′07″N 76°36′43″W / 39.285164°N 76.612068°W / 39.285164; -76.612068
Davison Township Police Department Davison, Michigan United States 43°01′38″N 83°33′21″W / 43.027255°N 83.555757°W / 43.027255; -83.555757 (Davison, Michigan)
The Frank's Nursery and Crafts Rose Garden at Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan United States 42°43′15″N 84°28′27″W / 42.72079°N 84.47413°W / 42.72079; -84.47413 (East Lansing)
Private home Superior Township, Michigan United States 1.2192 m (4 feet) 42°19′25″N 83°35′52″W / 42.323598°N 83.597744°W / 42.323598; -83.597744 2540 kg (5600 lbs)
Somerset Collection Troy, Michigan United States 42°33′41″N 83°11′2″W / 42.56139°N 83.18389°W / 42.56139; -83.18389 (Troy, Michigan)
Mississippi College Clinton, Mississippi United States 32°20′11″N 90°19′45″W / 32.336269°N 90.329185°W / 32.336269; -90.329185 (Mississippi College)
Kansas City Life Insurance Company Kansas City, Missouri United States 39°03′49″N 94°35′27″W / 39.063666°N 94.590743°W / 39.063666; -94.590743 (Kansas City, Missouri)
Bob Devaney Sports Center Lincoln, Nebraska United States 1.2 m (48 in)[21] 40°49′49″N 96°41′52″W / 40.830207°N 96.697644°W / 40.830207; -96.697644 Installed in 2011 by Top Stone
Henry Doorly Zoo Omaha, Nebraska United States 41°13′31″N 95°55′41″W / 41.225158°N 95.927939°W / 41.225158; -95.927939 (Omaha)
Millennium Plaza Omaha, Nebraska United States 41°15′51″N 96°09′44″W / 41.264191°N 96.162198°W / 41.264191; -96.162198 (Omaha, Nebraska)
Storyland Glen, New Hampshire United States 44°7′1.71″N 71°10′51.81″W / 44.1171417°N 71.1810583°W / 44.1171417; -71.1810583,
Duke Power Charlotte, North Carolina United States 35°13′33″N 80°51′02″W / 35.2258014°N 80.8505208°W / 35.2258014; -80.8505208 (Charlotte)
Elon University, Numen Lumen Pavilion Elon, North Carolina United States 36°06′09″N 79°30′08″W / 36.102485°N 79.502274°W / 36.102485; -79.502274 (Elon University UK) Meditation garden
Canton Ohio Downtown Canton, Ohio United States 40.798682°N −81.374644°W Destroyed By Vandals
TriHealth Fitness & Health Pavilion Cincinnati, Ohio United States 39°15′21″N 84°21′54″W / 39.255901°N 84.364927°W / 39.255901; -84.364927 (Cincinnati)
Bloch Cancer Survivors Plaza (park) Columbus, Ohio United States 40°00′26″N 83°01′22″W / 40.007172°N 83.022688°W / 40.007172; -83.022688 (Columbus, Ohio)
COSI Columbus Columbus, Ohio United States Unknown
The Mall at Tuttle Crossing Columbus, Ohio United States Unknown
Tulsa Zoo Tulsa, Oklahoma United States 36°12′46″N 95°54′21″W / 36.212724°N 95.905802°W / 36.212724; -95.905802 (Tulsa Zoo)
Nike Campus Beaverton, Oregon United States Unknown
McKenzie Park Hermiston, Oregon United States 45°50′21″N 119°17′28″W / 45.839161°N 119.291164°W / 45.839161; -119.291164
Railroad Plaza Lansdale, Pennsylvania United States 40°14′35″N 75°17′09″W / 40.243083°N 75.285833°W / 40.243083; -75.285833 (Lansdale)
Temple University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United States 39°58′48″N 75°09′22″W / 39.980071°N 75.156248°W / 39.980071; -75.156248 (Philadelphia)
Reading Hospital Reading, Pennsylvania United States 40°19′47″N 75°56′58″W / 40.329704°N 75.949492°W / 40.329704; -75.949492 (Reading) [22]
Robert E. Freeman Memorial Park Providence, Rhode Island United States 41°49′20″N 71°24′50″W / 41.822196°N 71.413868°W / 41.822196; -71.413868[c]
Outside Mellow Mushroom Mount Pleasant, South Carolina United States 32°52′00″N 79°47′06″W / 32.866696°N 79.785005°W / 32.866696; -79.785005
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Myrtle Beach, South Carolina United States 33°41′32″N 78°52′47″W / 33.692292°N 78.879789°W / 33.692292; -78.879789
The Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum Gatlinburg, Tennessee United States 35°42′41″N 83°31′06″W / 35.711403°N 83.518453°W / 35.711403; -83.518453 (Gatlinburg, Tennessee)
Oak Court Mall Memphis, Tennessee United States 35°07′02″N 89°54′48″W / 35.117305°N 89.913378°W / 35.117305; -89.913378 (Memphis)
Miracle Field Murfreesboro, Tennessee United States Located at McKnight Park. Kugel ball is a representative of a baseball, and bears the signature of Boston Red Sox pitcher and Murfreesboro native David Price. Miracle Field was constructed with funds from Price's charity, Project One Four. The facility will open on 6 May 2017.[23]
Bicentennial Capitol Mall State Park (Earth kugel ball) Nashville, Tennessee United States 1.8 m (71 in) 36°10′19″N 86°47′19″W / 36.172008°N 86.788634°W / 36.172008; -86.788634 (Nashville, Tennessee)[b][c] World War II Memorial 18,000 lb (8,200 kg) lbs[24]
Cancer Survivors Plaza Dallas, Texas United States 32°47′10″N 96°47′45″W / 32.786083°N 96.795739°W / 32.786083; -96.795739 (Dallas)
ConocoPhillips Campus Houston, Texas United States 29°47′18″N 95°36′49″W / 29.788273°N 95.613542°W / 29.788273; -95.613542 (Houston, Texas)
Houston Museum of Natural Science Houston, TX United States 29°43′19″N 95°23′25″W / 29.721932°N 95.390239°W / 29.721932; -95.390239
University Place Orem Orem, Utah United States 40°16′34″N 111°40′49″W / 40.2761075°N 111.6803086°W / 40.2761075; -111.6803086
Utah's Hogle Zoo Salt Lake City, Utah United States 40°44′59″N 111°48′59″W / 40.7496150°N 111.8162750°W / 40.7496150; -111.8162750
Virginia Zoological Park Norfolk, Virginia United States 36°52′43″N 76°16′28″W / 36.8786°N 76.2744°W / 36.8786; -76.2744 (Norfolk, VA)
International Mission Board Richmond, Virginia United States 37°34′06″N 77°28′56″W / 37.5683565°N 77.4822119°W / 37.5683565; -77.4822119 (Richmond, Virginia)
Science Museum of Virginia (Earth kugel ball) Richmond, Virginia United States 2.653 m (104.4 in)[25][a] 37°33′39″N 77°27′58″W / 37.560761°N 77.466157°W / 37.560761; -77.466157 (Richmond, Virginia)[b][c] World's largest since 2003[25]
Science Museum of Virginia (Earth's Moon kugel ball) Richmond, Virginia United States 0.72 m (28 in)[a] 37°33′41″N 77°28′00″W / 37.561323°N 77.466698°W / 37.561323; -77.466698 (Richmond, Virginia)[b][c]
Crossroads Park Bellevue, Washington United States 47°37′03″N 122°07′22″W / 47.617418°N 122.1227715°W / 47.617418; -122.1227715 (Bellevue)
Whatcom Community College Bellingham, Washington United States 48°47′43″N 122°29′37″W / 48.79534°N 122.493681°W / 48.79534; -122.493681 (Bellingham, Washington)
Pacific Science Center Seattle, Washington United States 47°37′9″N 122°21′4″W / 47.61917°N 122.35111°W / 47.61917; -122.35111 (Seattle)
Milwaukee County Zoo Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States 43°08′03″N 87°57′21″W / 43.134167°N 87.955833°W / 43.134167; -87.955833 (Milwaukee)
Canyon Visitor Education Center Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming United States 44°44′05″N 110°29′31″W / 44.734717°N 110.491888°W / 44.734717; -110.491888 (Yellowstone)

Notes[edit]

[a] [b] [c]

  1. ^ a b c d e Approximate
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Visible from Google satellite view
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Visible from Google street view

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Snoeijer, Jacco H.; van der Weele, Ko (November 2014). "Physics of the granite sphere fountain". American Journal of Physics. 82 (11): 1029–39. doi:10.1119/1.4886365.
  2. ^ Snoeijer, Jacco H.; der Weele, Ko van (November 2014). "Physics of the granite sphere fountain" (PDF). American Journal of Physics. 82 (11): 1029–1039. doi:10.1119/1.4886365.
  3. ^ a b "Floating Sphere (Kugel ball fountain) from the market leader | KusserUSA". www.kusserusa.com.
  4. ^ "Ring water feature". Brahma Granitech, India. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  5. ^ Amanda Oaks, Richmond in the Record Books, Richmond.com, 18 August, [2004], Retrieved on 18 September 2007
  6. ^ "German-English dictionary: Kugel translation". Reverso.net. Retrieved 21 May 2015.
  7. ^ https://www.denkmal-wuppertal.de/2014/01/neuer-doppersberger-brunnen-1989.html
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Biggest Granite Sphere in Western Europe for Hamburg". Allianz-Realestate. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  10. ^ ATRAKCJE TURYSTYCZNE: POLANICA ZDRÓJ, summer 2017, Retrieved on 8 August 2017 (in Polish)
  11. ^ Kosmiczna fontanna w Tarnowie juz dziala, Spring 2011, Retrieved on 5 June 2011 (in Polish)
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ Paultons Park, Summer 2008, Retrieved on 15 June 2009
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Hollywood Guinness Museum
  16. ^ "Plazas & Public Art". www.dillondesignassociates.com. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  17. ^ http://www.dillondesignassociates.com/Canyon3.JPG. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ The State Botanical Garden of Georgia: Art in the Garden Archived 26 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 30 May 2012
  19. ^ "Fountain Plaza and Sculptures | Lafayette, IN – Official Website". www.lafayette.in.gov. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  20. ^ Notre Dame Magazine Online, Summer 2001, Retrieved on 31 July 2008
  21. ^ "Top Stone, Inc. is Excited to Announce 'World's Largest' 4 Foot/5,500 Pound Basketball Rolling Sphere Fountain at 'Cornhuskers' Nebraska Devany Sports Complex". PRWeb. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  22. ^ ReadingEagle.com: Healing garden at Reading Hospital allows visitors to reflect (image caption)
  23. ^ Miracle Field Grand Opening This Saturday in Murfreesboro
  24. ^ Bicentennial Park Map
  25. ^ a b "Largest kugel". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 14 May 2017.

External links[edit]