Kukës County

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Kukës County
County
Stema e Qarkut Kukës.svg
Coat of arms
Qarku i Kukësit në Hartën e Shqipërisë.svg
Location of County of Dibër in Albania
Coordinates: 42°N 20°E / 42°N 20°E / 42; 20Coordinates: 42°N 20°E / 42°N 20°E / 42; 20
Country Albania
Municipalities 3
Villages 187
Capital Kukës
Government
 • Council Chairman Abedin Oruçi
Area
 • Total 2,374 km2 (917 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Population (2016)
 • Total 84,035[1]
 • Rank 11th
NUTS Code AL013
Website Official Website

Kukës County (Albanian pronunciation: [ku:kəs]; Albanian: Qarku i Kukësit) is a landlocked county in northeastern Albania, with the capital in Kukës. The county spans 2,374 square kilometres (917 sq mi) and had a total population of 84,035 people as of 2016. The county borders on the counties of Dibër, Lezhë and Shkodër and the countries of Kosovo[a] and the Republic of Macedonia. It is divided into three municipalities. These include Has, Kukës and Tropojë.[2][3] The municipalities are further subdivided into 290 towns and villages in total.

Kukës is predominantly mountainous and framed by mountain ranges including the Albanian Alps in the northwest which is typified by karst topography. The northeast is dominated by the mountains of Gjallica, Koritnik and Pashtrik, while the southeastern bound is mostly formed by the Korab and Sharr Mountains.[4] At 2,694 metres (8,839 ft), Maja Jezercë is the county's highest peak, and the second highest peak of Albania. Karst topography predominates in the county, resulting in specific landforms and hydrology because of the interaction of the karst and the region's watercourses. It is crossed and drained by the Drin river. The county is also home to the sources of rivers such as the Valbona, which originates south of Maja Jezercë and Gashi a notable tributary of Valbona.

Located in the north of Albania, the climate is alpine and continental.[5][6] Mean monthly temperature ranges between 11 °C (52 °F) (in January) and 25 °C (77 °F) (in July). Mean annual precipitation ranges between 900 millimetres (35 inches) and 3,000 millimetres (120 inches) depending on geographic region and prevailing climate type.

According to the last national census from 2011 this county has 85,292 inhabitants. They are Muslim and Catholic Christians and speak Gheg dialect.

History[edit]

The human presence in the lands of modern Kukës County can be traced back to the Bronze Ages, when ancient Illyrians, Dardanians and Romans established settlements in the region.[7] Several Illyrian tombs were discovered in the villages of Këneta and Kolsh close to Kukës.[8]

Geography[edit]

The Valbona Valley during the autumn season.

Kukës is one of 12 counties of Albania, located north and northeast of the Northern Region. The county area is 2,374 km2 (917 sq mi) and the seventh unit of the Albanian county in area and the third in the Northern Region, behind only Shkodër County and Dibër County. It is limited to the counties of Shkodër County in the west, Dibër County in the south, Lezhë County in the southeast, the countries of Kosovo in the east and northeast and Montenegro in the north and northwest. The county lies between latitudes 42° N, and longitudes 20° E. It's northernmost point is Çerem point at 42° 29' 52" northern latitude; the southernmost is Kalis point at 41° 50' 0" northern latitude; the westernmost point is Rrogam at 19° 50' 24" eastern longitude; and the easternmost point is Shishtavec at 20° 36' 0" eastern longitude.

The terrain of the county consists of small plains and high mountains. Elevations here range between 250 m (0.16 mi) and 2,200 m (1.4 mi).[9] The Albanian Alps are a high mountain range running through Tropojë across the northwest of the county. The northeast contain high and steep peaks including Gjallica, Koritnik and Pashtrik. Between these mountains are mostly narrow valleys, canyons and ravines. From southeast, the county is crossed by the Sharr and Korab Mountains.

The artificial Lake Koman.

Hydrologically, the county lies almost entirely within the basin of the Drin and its tributaries. The river flows into the Adriatic Sea after crossing the county territory from the confluence of Black Drin and White Drin. On their way, its basin and zone of influence naturally correspond to the areas destined for agricultural use. Lake Fierza and Koman lies in the county and are fed and drained by rivers Black Drin and White Drin. Other notable rivers include Gashi and Valbona.

Phytogeographically, the county falls within the Dinaric Mountains mixed forests and Balkan mixed forests terrestrial ecoregion of the Palearctic Temperate broadleaf and mixed forest. The Balkan mixed forests occupy the eastern portion of the county. Inside the county, there are a national parks, a nature park, and a nature reserve, namely Valbonë Valley National Park, Korab-Koritnik Nature Park and Gashi River Nature Reserve. The Gashi River Nature Reserve and Korab-Koritnik Nature Park forms the southern part of the European Green Belt.[10][11] Furthermore, the Gashi River was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the Primeval beech forests of the Carpathians and other regions of Europe.[12]

Demography[edit]

Kukës is the largest city in the county.

With an estimated total population of around 85,292 people as of the INSTAT census of 2011, Dibër is the 11th most populous county in Albania.[13] The population density is 36 inhabitants per square kilometre (93/sq mi). Compared to 2001, the county had approximately 112,000 people. It has lost almost a quarter of its population in the last ten years.

The county is inhabited mostly by Albanians (84,31%) and is ethnically a homogeneous county in Albania. Minority groups include Macedonians (0.85%), Greeks (0.01%), Aromanians (0.01%) and Egyptians (0.00%).[14]

According to the 2011 census, 83.81% of the Albanian population within the county identify as Muslims. Although Christianity is the second largest religion in Kukës. 2.72 identify themselves as Christians; of these, Roman Catholics make up the largest group, accounting for 2.62% of the population, after which follows Eastern Orthodoxy (0.03%), Evangelism (0.03%) and other Christianity (0.04%). 0.33% of the population describes themselves as non-religious.[14]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Popullsia e Shqipërisë" (PDF). instat.gov.al (in Albanian). 19 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Law nr. 115/2014[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Law nr. 115/2014
  4. ^ "STRATEGJIA TERRITORIALE E NJËSISË VENDORE KUKËS" (PDF). kukesi.gov.al. p. 14. 
  5. ^ "PLANI I ZHVILLIMIT I BASHKISE KUKES" (PDF). rasp.org.al (in Albanian). p. 14. 
  6. ^ "Zona Funksionale Tropojë" (PDF). km.dldp.al (in Albanian). p. 5. 
  7. ^ Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology, 30-31, University of London. Institute of Archaeology, 1991, pp. 11–14 
  8. ^ Boardman, Edwards, John ,I. E. S. (1982). The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. p. 235. Retrieved 10 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Resurset kryesore te Qarkut te Kukesit". kqk.gov.al (in Albanian). 
  10. ^ European Green Belt. "Brezi i Gjelbër Evropian" (PDF). europeangreenbelt.org (in Albanian). p. 2. 
  11. ^ Euronatur. "BEECH FORESTS ALONG THE GREEN BELT ALBANIA" (PDF). euronatur.org. p. 2. 
  12. ^ "PËRSHKRIMI I RRJETIT AKTUAL TË ZONAVE TË MBROJTURA" (PDF). mjedisi.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 2. PËRSHKRIMI I RRJETIT AKTUAL TË ZONAVE TË MBROJTURA 
  13. ^ INSTAT. "Population and Housing Census" (PDF). instat.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 20. 
  14. ^ a b INSTAT. "Population and Housing Census" (PDF). instat.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 39.