Kukerin, Western Australia
Main street in Kukerin.
|Population||190 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Dumbleyung|
Kukerin is a small town in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 308 kilometres (191 mi) south-east of Perth between Wagin and Lake Grace just off Dumbleyung Lake Grace Road on State Route 107. The town itself is small but services a considerable agricultural region in the eastern Shire of Dumbleyung. At the 2006 census, Kukerin had a population of 190.
According to an official source, Kukerin's name is of Aboriginal origin, was first recorded as the name of a local soak and gully in 1908 and has also been spelled "Cookerin", but the precise meaning is not known. However, in local languages, words such as karkar mean "east", and the townsite is near the eastern edge of country traditionally owned by the Wiilman people. There is no evidence for a popular theory that the area was named after sandalwood cutters named "Cooke" and "Ring".
Until 1912, the area was known as Merilup (a name that now refers to an area to the south). In the 1870s, John Holland took up a pastoral lease of 9,000 acres (36 km2) in the area and established a sandalwood depot. Sandalwood cutters opened up much of the surrounding area, and in 1904 the Rabbit-Proof Fence was built near the town.
In 1912, the town was gazetted when it became the terminus of an extension of the Wagin to Dumbleyung train line in 1912. The primary school and hall were built in 1914, and Kukerin Hotel began trading in 1928 — all are still open to this day.
Kukerin is largely an agricultural town, with wheat and sheep farming being the main occupations. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling. It functions as a service town for the surrounding agricultural area, and contains a general store, primary school, hotel, newsagency/post office, and sports fields. The TrachMach Fair used to be held with various vintage and modern vehicles on display. In recent years this has transformed into the Kukerin Creekbed and Burnout Competition, which is held during the Queen's Birthday long weekend. During this event a large screen is set up where the AFL Grand Final can be viewed.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kukerin (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – K". Retrieved 17 April 2007.
- Nicholas Thieberger 1996, "4.2.9 Wiilman", Handbook of Western Australian Aboriginal Languages, South of the Kimberley (2 February 2015).
- [South Australian Museum, 2014, "Wudjari (WA)", Tindale Tribes (2 February 2015).
- "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "Get Down and Dirty at Kukerin". Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- Information available from Shire of Dumbleyung, contacted 27 October 2006.