Kukma

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Kukma
કુકમા
village
Kukma is located in Gujarat
Kukma
Kukma
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°13′04″N 69°46′41″E / 23.217822°N 69.777922°E / 23.217822; 69.777922Coordinates: 23°13′04″N 69°46′41″E / 23.217822°N 69.777922°E / 23.217822; 69.777922
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Kachchh
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration GJ-12

Kukma or Kookma is a village near the Bhuj town, taluka in Kachchh District of Indian State of Gujarat.[1] It is located at a distance of 16 kilometers from Bhuj, the headquarters of Kachchh District.

History[edit]

About the history of Kukma, it is one of the 19 villages established by Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas or Mistris. These Mistris first moved to the Saurashtra in the early 7th century and later a major group entered Kutch in the 12th century and established themselves at Dhaneti. Later from the 12th century onwards they settled between Anjar and Bhuj and founded the villages of Anjar, Sinugra, Khambhra, Nagalpar, Khedoi, Madhapar, Hajapar, Kukma, Galpadar, Reha, Vidi, Ratnal, Jambudi, Devaliya, Lovaria, Nagor, Chandiya, Meghpar and Kumbharia. Most of the early infrastructure, temples, community halls, school, girls boarding house and old houses are built by this community during the late 19th century. [2] [3][4] [5][6] However, majority of old houses with unique architect were destroyed in the earthquake of 26 January 2001.

Notable persons[edit]

During the years of British construction of railway lines, 1860–1940 many people of the Mistri community made themselves into big Railway Contractors[7] [8] [9]

Gopal Nanji Tank of the village Kookma, who worked as a Railway Contractor from Amravati was given title of Rai Saheb for the railway works. He also built & doated a Hospital at Amravati.[10][11][12] Ghela Pachan Parmar of village founded Lower Joyrampur Colliery near Jharia in Manbhum and Jambad Selected Colliery and Kajoragram Coal Mines near Asansol in Bengal in decades of 1915–1925.[12]

Temples[edit]

Kuldevi Temples of many clans of these Kutch Gurjar Kshatriya community are also there in this village. To mention, Kuldevi temple of Parmar clan of Momai mataji, Kuldevi temple of Chauhan clan of Brahmani Mata have their temple in village.[13] Also Nivruti Ashram and Garibdash ji Bhojanalaya are located in Kukma. Also there is Thakore Mandir in main square and Mahadev temple both built originally by KGK Community.

Railway Station[edit]

Kukma also is a Railway Station (Flag Station) under Western Railways about 10 km from Bhuj on Gandhidham - Bhuj broad gauge route. Kutch Express and New Bhuj Exp(Sayaji Exp.) Railway train runs daily on this route.

Present Status[edit]

At present, villagers are quiet prosperous. Apart from Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas, Ahirs, Lohana and other communities also have notable presence. There is enough penetration of Telephone and all houses have electricity and water supply. There is also a big pond in outskirts of village, originally built by Mistri community, who founded the village. People are involved in agriculture and other business. Parle Group has a Biscuit factory nearby and many are working in that factory. Besides Bhuj is also nearby and many go there for jobs and business. Kukma do have Primary health center, Primary school and High School.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reports of National Panchayat Directory
  2. ^ Kutch Gujar Kshatriyas, History & names of their 18 Villages
  3. ^ Press Report after earthquake Giving details of Villages, Art & Skills of Mistris of Kutch
  4. ^ Press Report on Houses, History of Mistiris of Kutch
  5. ^ Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyas
  6. ^ Gurjar Kshatriyas, also known as Mistris, came to Kutch from Rajasthan. They are skilled in building construction. They first established themselves at Dhaneti and were granted 18 villages by the rulers of Kutch. They are famous designers and developers of buildings and bridges
  7. ^ Kadia Kshatriya Abhudaya :1897
  8. ^ Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara. It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by KGK community noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Hajapar/Jamshedpur, compiled by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank of Nagalpar/Tatanagar. This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by Kutch Shakti at Mumbai in year 2000.Notable Railway Contractors from Kookma
  9. ^ Ratna Bhagat Ni Chopdi : 1930
  10. ^ Website naming Vidarbha Ayurvedic College & Gopal Nanji Tank Hospital : Founded by Rai Sahib Gopal Nanji Tank
  11. ^ Rai Saheb Gopal Nanji Tank Trust
  12. ^ a b Diary of Golden Days at Jharia - A Memoir & History of Gurjar Kashtriya Samaj of Kutch in Coalfields of Jharia - written by Natwarlal Devram Jethwa of Calcutta/Sinugra : 1998.
  13. ^ Chauhan's Kuldevi Bramhani Mata & Family clan tree dating back to the 13th century