Kulango languages

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Ivory Coast, Ghana, Burkina Faso
Linguistic classification Niger–Congo
Glottolog kula1283[1]

The Kulango or Kulango–Lorhon languages are spoken principally in Ivory Coast. They were once classified as part of an expanded Gur (Voltaic) family and are now part of the Savannas proposal.

The languages distinguished by Ethnologue are:

  • Bondoukou Kulango (100,000 speakers in Ivory Coast and Ghana),
  • Bouna Kulango (160,000 speakers in Ivory Coast and Ghana),
  • Lomakka (a.k.a. Loma; 8000 speakers),
  • Téén (a.k.a. Lorhon, Loghon; 8000 speakers in Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso,

which are not mutually intelligible. According to Ethnologue, Lomakka is closer to Bondoukou Kulango than Téén is, and Téén is closer to Lomakka and Bouna Kulango than it is to Bondoukou Kulango.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kulango–Lorom". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.