Kulich (Russian: кули́ч, IPA: [kʊˈlʲitɕ], from Greek κόλλιξ - kollix, Georgian პასკა - Paska, ultimately meaning a roll or loaf of bread) is a Russian and Orthodox Easter bread that has its roots in the Byzantine Empire and is a traditional part of countries with Orthodox Christian population. It is eaten in countries like Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania, Georgia, Macedonia, Moldova and Serbia. In Ukraine this dish is called paska.
Traditionally after the Easter service, the kulich, which has been put into a basket and decorated with colorful flowers, is blessed by the priest. Blessed kulich is eaten before breakfast each day. Any leftover kulich that is not blessed is eaten with Paskha for dessert.
Kulich is baked in tall, cylindrical tins (like coffee or fruit juice tins). When cooled, kulich is decorated with white icing (which slightly drizzles down the sides) and colorful flowers. Historically, it was often served with cheese paska bearing the symbol XB (from the traditional Easter greeting of Христос воскресе, "Christ is Risen").
The recipe for kulich is similar to that of Italian panettone.
- Vasmer's Etymological Dictionary, s.v. "кулич"
- κόλλιξ, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
- "Kulich – Russiapedia Of Russian origin". russiapedia.rt.com. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Why No Russian Easter Is Complete Without Kulich". Kitchn. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- Dee, Aliza. "Kulich – Russia's Classic Easter Cake", The Moscow Times, Moscow, 10 April 2015. Retrieved on 29 February, 2016.
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