Kulin, Western Australia

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Kulin
Western Australia
Kulin Memorial Hall, 2014(1).JPG
Kulin Memorial Hall, 2014
Kulin is located in Western Australia
Kulin
Kulin
Coordinates 32°40′S 118°09′E / 32.67°S 118.15°E / -32.67; 118.15Coordinates: 32°40′S 118°09′E / 32.67°S 118.15°E / -32.67; 118.15
Population 353 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1900s
Postcode(s) 6365
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Kulin
State electorate(s) Wagin
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Kulin is a town in the Eastern Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, approximately 280 km from Perth. It is the main town in the Shire of Kulin.

History[edit]

The first European known to have visited the Kulin area was Captain John Septimus Roe, Surveyor General of the Swan River Colony on his 1848-49 expedition to examine the south coast. He encountered a group of Aborigines 34 miles east of Nalyaring (near Brookton) who guided the expedition party to several water sources, including the Kulin Rock soak, before leaving the party at Yeerakine (just south and east of Kondinin) as this was the limit of their territory. These guides used the name 'Coolin' to describe the area now known as Kulin Rock.

In the early years, settlers occasionally encountered groups of Aborigines hunting possums. Although artifacts such as grinding stones and stone choppers have been found in the district, no signs of permanent occupation were found by early settlers other than the mia-mias built by "Europeanised" Aboriginal shepherds from Narrogin in the employ of Michael Brown.

Michael Brown, a businessman from Narrogin, took up large pastoral leases in the Kulin/Kondinin area including Kulin Rock and Gnarming in 1905. These and other leases in the area were terminated in 1909/1910 to allow the government to distribute the land for agricultural purposes.

The first land selected for farming in the Kulin area was at Wogolin and Dudinin in January 1909 – extending from the more established areas of Narrogin and Wickepin. Settlement did not proceed evenly from this direction however as early farmers selected areas with better soils or reliable water sources. This was the case at Kulin Rock with Edward John (Dick) Reardon and Michael Healy arriving there in February 1909 to take up farming land. Much of this activity took place before the official survey at the end of 1909 including James Fitt (previously an overseer for Michael Brown) taking up land adjoining Jilakin Rock and at Jitarning.

Jilakin had been the original name of the location in 1913; in 1915 it was changed to Kulin.[2]

In 1932 the Wheat Pool of Western Australia announced that the town would have two grain elevators, each fitted with an engine, installed at the railway siding.[3]

Present day[edit]

 Tin Horse Character near Kulin
Tin Horse Character near Kulin

Kulin has a population of about 350 and is an agricultural centre for a district whose main activities are wheat and sheep farming. Wildflower viewing is possible during September and October. The town contains a district high school, a Bendigo Bank, shopping facilities, accommodation (hotel, motel, caravan park), council offices and a telecentre. Every year in October, it hosts the Kulin Bush Races.

Kulin has its own police station which covers the shire and surrounding areas.It has two permanent police officers who live in the township and conduct highway patrols and provide support to nearby stations.

The town is a stop on the Transwa bus service to Esperance.[4]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling.[5]

Tin Horses[edit]

The roads leading into and through Kulin have a collection of over 100 characters. The largest is 10 m long and stands 5 m high. All the characters are made primarily from lubricant tins and drums. The characters are from entries into the annual competition [1] as part of the local race day.

Kulin Bush Races[edit]

The Kulin Bush Races is an annual event involving horse races, betting, alcohol and fireworks. It is held on one day, but campers can sleep the night the day before and after the event. All money made from the event is put back into the community.

Water Slide[edit]

The largest water slide in regional Western Australia located in the Memorial swimming pool. The recently[when?] erected Kulin Memorial Slide (a spiral slide) that stands 18 metres (59 ft) high and is approximately 182 metres (597 ft) long.[6]

Blazing Swan[edit]

Blazing Swan is an annual regional Burning Man event held in Kulin, Western Australia. It is a 7-day event which is an experiment in temporary community and artistic expression, and is guided by ten main principles, including radical inclusion, gifting and radical self-reliance. The event occurs around Easter each year, with the 2017 event scheduled for April 12–18. The event location is in dry bushland near Jilakin Lake, and is referred to as Jilakin Rock City. Each year a swan-shaped wooden effigy is built and burned at the culmination of the event.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kulin (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 August 2008. 
  2. ^ Jarvis, Neil (1986) Western Australia, an atlas of human endeavour Perth, W.A.: Dept. of Lands and Surveys in association with the Education Dept. of Western Australia 2nd ed. ISBN 0-7309-0082-7 Previous ed.: Perth, W.A.: Government Printer, 1979. p. 46
  3. ^ "Country elevators". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 6 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  4. ^ GE2 timetable, TransWA, effective 1 November 2006. Accessed 7 November 2006.
  5. ^ "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Kulin Water Slide". Drive WA. 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Greble, William E. (1976). A Bold Yeomanry: Social Change in a Wheat Belt District, Kulin 1848-1970. Perth: Creative Research. ISBN 0-908469-07-1

External links[edit]

Media related to Kulin, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons