As the name seems to be an Akkadian phrase meaning "All of them (were) lord", it has sometimes been suggested that the occurrence of this name on the list was intended to denote a period of no central authority in the early period of Kish. The following kings of Kish on the list preceding Etana are all names of animals, such as Zuqaqip (scorpion).
- John Maier, Gilgamesh: a Reader, p. 244; Jean-Jacques Glassner, Mesopotamian Chronicles p. 60.
|King of Sumer
legendary, or ca. 2550 BC
|Lugal of Kish
after ca. 2900 BC
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