Kulsoom Nawaz

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Kulsoom Nawaz
Kalsoom Nawaz Sharif - White House - 2013 (cropped 2).jpg
Spouse of the Prime Minister of Pakistan
In office
5 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
Preceded byNusrat Pervaiz Asharaf
Succeeded bySamina Shahid Abbasi
In office
17 February 1997 – 12 October 1999
Preceded byAsif Ali Zardari
(First Gentleman)
Succeeded bySehba Musharraf
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 July 1993
Preceded byAsif Ali Zardari
(First Gentleman)
Succeeded byAsif Ali Zardari
(First Gentleman)
Leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
In office
12 October 1999 – 10 October 2002
Preceded byNawaz Sharif
Succeeded byShahbaz Sharif
Personal details
Born
Kulsoom Rehana Butt

(1950-03-29)29 March 1950
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Died11 September 2018(2018-09-11) (aged 68)
London, England
NationalityPakistani
Political partyPakistan Muslim League (N)
Spouse(s)
Nawaz Sharif (m. 1971)
[1]
RelationsSharif family
Children4 including Maryam Nawaz
Alma materIslamia College Lahore
Forman Christian University

Begum Kulsoom Nawaz Sharif (Urdu: بیگم كلثوم نواز شريف‎) (29 March 1950 – 11 September 2018) was a Pakistani politician who had been the first lady of Pakistan for three non-consecutive terms; from 1990 to 1993, 1997 to 1999 and then from 2013 to 2017. She was the President of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) from 1999 to 2002.

Early and personal life[edit]

Kulsoom was born on 29 March 1950[2][3][4] in Lahore into a Kashmiri family.[5][6] According to other sources, she was born on 22 March 1950 to Hafiz Butt.[7]

She attended Islamia College and graduated from the Forman Christian College in Lahore.[7][6] She received a master's degree in Urdu from the University of the Punjab in 1970.[8][9] She also received a PhD in philosophy.[7]

Kulsoom had two sisters and a brother.[10] From her maternal side, she was the granddaughter of the wrestler The Great Gama.[9][11] She married Nawaz Sharif, the three-time Prime Minister of Pakistan, in April 1971.[6] The couple have four children: Maryam, Asma, Hassan and Hussain.[6]

Career[edit]

Spouse of the Prime Minister of Pakistan[edit]

First Lady Michelle Obama and Dr. Jill Biden host a poetry recital in the honour of Kulsoom Nawaz Sharif on 23 October 2013

Kulsoom became the first lady of Pakistan for the first time after her husband, Nawaz Sharif, became Prime Minister of Pakistan on 1 November 1990 when his party, Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, won 104 of 207 seats contested in the Pakistani general election, 1990.[12] His first term as Prime Minister ended in July 1993.[13]

She became first lady of Pakistan for the second time after Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister of Pakistan when his party, Pakistan Muslim League (N), won the Pakistani general election, 1997.[12] His second term as Prime Minister was ended when then Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf led a military coup d'état against him on 12 October 1999.[13] Kulsoom was arrested by the Pakistan Army Corps of Military Police and immediately shifted to her local residence.[6] According to her daughter, Maryam Nawaz, Kulsoom "dauntlessly challenged the usurper when a lot of men backed out". Nawaz Sharif named his wife as the President of Pakistan Muslim League in 1999.[9][6]

In 2000, she led a public rally from Lahore to Peshawar to gather the public support for the PML-N.[1] Soon after leaving her residence, her car was surrounded by the police and she was detained.[14]

She remained president of the PML-N until 2002.[1]

She became the first lady of Pakistan for the third time after Nawaz Sharif became Prime Minister of Pakistan when his party, Pakistan Muslim League (N), won the Pakistani general election, 2013.[15]

Political career[edit]

Kulsoom was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan for the first time from NA-120 (Lahore-III) as a candidate of PML (N) in by-polls held in September 2017.[16] She secured 59,413 votes and defeated Yasmin Rashid of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. The NA-120 seat fell vacant after her husband, Nawaz Sharif, was disqualified by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in the Panama Papers case.[17]

She was unable to take oath as member of the National Assembly due to her illness.[18]

She was known for maintaining a low profile.[1]

Death and funeral[edit]

Nawaz was diagnosed with lymphoma in August 2017 and received treatment in London.[19] She underwent several sessions of chemotherapy and radiotherapy during her illness.[20]

In June 2018, Nawaz suffered cardiac arrest and was placed on a ventilator.[21] On 10 September 2018, she was readmitted to the hospital and was put on the ventilator. She died on 11 September 2018 at the age of 68 in London while both her husband Nawaz Sharif and daughter Maryam were serving jail terms.[22][20] Her husband and daughter were granted timed-parole in order to attend her funeral.[23]

On 13 September 2018, a funeral prayer for Nawaz was held in a Regent's Park mosque in London. Following which her body was flown from the Heathrow Airport to Lahore on a Pakistan International Airlines flight.[24] On 14 September 2018, in Lahore, a funeral prayer led by Maulana Tariq Jameel was offered at Sharif Medical City around 5:30 pm PKT before she was laid to rest in Jati Umra.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kulsoom Nawaz: The silent partner". Herald Magazine. 8 August 2018. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ "خاص رپورٹ - کلثوم نواز وزارت عظمیٰ کی مضبوط امیدوار - Latest News | Daily Jang". Jang. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  3. ^ News, Abb Takk (11 September 2018). "Begum Kulsoom Nawaz Journey from Housewife To Politics - Abb Takk News". Abb Takk News. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Begum Kulsoom Nawaz, the woman behind a three-time premier". Samaa TV. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  5. ^ "بیگم کلثوم نواز انتقال کرگئیں - ایکسپریس اردو". ایکسپریس اردو. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Kulsoom Nawaz and Shehbaz Sharif: The Possible Successors of Nawaz Sharif". News18. 29 July 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Begum Kulsoom Nawaz: Life in focus". The Express Tribune. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Don't be fooled, Kulsoom Nawaz is the prime minister in waiting". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "Iron ladies in the race". TNS - The News on Sunday. 20 August 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  10. ^ Hussain, Fida (26 May 2013). "Kalsoom, others move court for succession certificate". The Nation (Pakistan). Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. ^ Jajja, Sumaira (2 April 2017). "WRESTLING: The Warrior's Soul". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  12. ^ a b Report, Dawn (27 July 2017). "In pictures: The rise and fall of Nawaz Sharif". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  13. ^ a b "Nawaz Sharif". DAWN.COM. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Sharif's wife towed away in Pakistan police raids". 8 July 2000. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  15. ^ Raza, Dawn.com (5 June 2013). "Live from Parliament: Nawaz elected PM with 244 votes". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  16. ^ "NA-120 by-polls: Unofficial results show Kulsoom Nawaz in the lead". DAWN.COM. 17 September 2017. Retrieved 17 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Nawaz Sharif's wife Begum Kulsoom wins Lahore by-election". The Hindu. 18 September 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Nawaz's wife dies in London". Business Standard India. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  19. ^ "My mother's diagnosed with lymphoma, tweets Maryam Nawaz". The Express Tribune. 23 August 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Begum Kulsoom Nawaz passes away in London". The News. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Hussain Nawaz denies Kulsoom Nawaz's death". The Nation. 23 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Begum Kulsoom Nawaz passes away in London after battle with cancer". DAWN.COM. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Begum Kulsoom dies; Nawaz Sharif, Maryam to get parole for funeral". Khaleej Times. 11 September 2018.
  24. ^ Iqbal, Sajid (14 September 2018). "Community says farewell to Kulsoom in London funeral". Dawn.
  25. ^ "Kulsoom Nawaz laid to rest at Jati Umra in Lahore". Dawn. 13 September 2018.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
Leader of the Pakistan Muslim League (N)
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Javed Hashmi