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A coin, around 200 BCE, of the Yaudheyas with depiction of Kumāra Karttikeya

Kumar (pronunciation ; Sanskrit: कुमार kumārá) is a title, given name, middle name, or a family name found in the Indian subcontinent, mainly in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, though not specific to any religion, ethnicity, or caste. It is a generic title which variously means prince, son, boy, or chaste. It is the 11th most common family name in the world as of August 2019.[1]


The origin of kumar can be traced back to the early development of Hinduism and its origin in ancient India. The first usage of Kumar was for the Four Kumāras, the four sons of Brahma from the Puranic texts of Hinduism named Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana, and Sanat.

In Skanda Purana, the largest Mahapurana, a genre of eighteen Hindu religious texts, the text is devoted mainly to the leelas of Kartikeya, son of Shiva and Parvati. "Kumar" is used to refer Kartikeya.

Geographical distribution[edit]

As of 2014, 97.3% of all known bearers of the surname Kumar were residents of India. The frequency of the surname was higher than national average in the following states and union territories:[2]

Notable people[edit]

First name[edit]

Middle name[edit]

Last name[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kumar Surname at Forebears
  2. ^ Kumar Surname Distribution
  3. ^ "Land Forces Site - General Arunkumar Sridhar Vaidya". Bharat Rakshak. Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  4. ^ "DANIPS 1998". MHA India.